Douglas Ambrose (F, S)
John T. Eldevik (F)
Kevin P. Grant
Shoshana Keller, Chair
Alfred H. Kelly (S)
Robert L. Paquette (F)
Lisa N. Trivedi
Thomas A. Wilson (F)
Kirsten L. Ziomek
A concentration in history consists of 10 courses. Each concentrator must take a 100-level history course, and no more than one 100-level course may be counted toward the concentration. All 100-level courses are writing-intensive and are designed to prepare the student for upper-level courses. At least two places will be reserved in each 100-level course for juniors and seniors. A concentrator must also take at least four courses at the 300 level or higher.
A concentrator's courses must provide acquaintance with a minimum of three areas from among Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, Russia and the United States. At least three courses must focus upon areas outside of Europe and the United States. [Starting with the Class of 2012, at least one course must focus on the U.S., one course on Europe, and three courses on Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East, or Russia.] A concentrator in history must also take at least one course in premodern history. The department encourages concentrators to develop competence in a foreign language and to use that competence in their historical reading and research. To earn departmental honors, concentrators must have completed at least one year of college-level study in a foreign language.
Concentrators may fulfill the department’s Senior Program requirement through satisfactory completion of either of the following options:
Research Seminar (401). Concentrators may fulfill the Senior Program requirement through satisfactory completion (a grade of at least C-) of the research seminar. This course may emphasize the critical evaluation of scholarship in a specific field, culminating in a historiographical essay or primary research culminating in an original essay.
Independent Senior Thesis (550: one course credit). Concentrators with a departmental grade point average of 3.7 or higher may, with the permission of the department, pursue an individual project under the direct supervision of a member of the department. To earn departmental honors, concentrators must have a departmental grade point average of 3.7 or above in their coursework by the end of the sixth semester and earn a grade of A- or higher for the independent senior thesis. Finally, to earn departmental honors, concentrators must have completed at least one year of college-level study in a foreign language and make a public presentation of the senior thesis.
A minor in history consists of five courses, of which one must be at the 100 level and at least one must be at the 300 level or higher, as approved by the department. Only one 100-level course will count toward a minor.
A student wishing to be certified to teach social studies in grades 7-12 should contact Susan Mason, director of the Education Studies Program, as early as possible.
Murder, Civil War, and Opera.
Ivan the Terrible murdered his heir, and left Russia to face economic collapse and mass hunger without a stable government. Then things got really bad. Did Boris Godunov murder Tsarevich Dmitri? Was the First False Dmitri for real? Only Pushkin knew for sure, but it took Modest Musorgsky to wrap it up in the greatest Russian opera of all time. This course will explore the relationships between history, art and national identity in Russia. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20.
102S Atlantic World in the Era of the Slave Trade.
Survey of the development of the world economy from the 15th to the 19th centuries, with emphasis on the interrelations of Western Europe, Africa and the Americas. Stress on basic skills in the study of history. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Paquette.
104S Europe and its Empires, 1500-2000.
A survey of European exploration, imperial expansion and post-colonial society. Examines European debates over the principles and objectives of imperialism in the Americas, the Pacific and Africa. Illuminates changing views toward culture, economics, race, gender and nationality. Stress upon basic skills in the interpretation of historical texts and writing. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Grant.
109S Early Modern Western Europe, 1450-1800.
Survey of transformation of Western Europe from the Renaissance through the French Revolution. Focuses on social, political, economic and intellectual developments; examination of primary sources and secondary studies. Stress on basic skills in the study of history. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Ambrose.
117F Europe Since 1815.
A survey of European history in a global context since the Napoleonic period. Focuses on political, social, economic and cultural developments. Stress on basic skills in the study of history. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20. A Kelly.
Jewish Civilization from the Talmud to the Yishuv.
An introduction to Jewish history from the Geonic period (8th–11th centuries CE) to the 1930s. Focus on how Jews developed a thriving and complex religious civilization while living as minority communities scattered throughout the world. Considers religious and intellectual developments under Muslim and Christian rule, the political and social conditions of diaspora, and the impact of modernity. Stress on basic skills in the study of history. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20.
144S Indian Buddhism.
The course explores Indian Buddhism by studying essential beliefs, doctrines, institutions, and popular practices. The origins and establishment of Buddhism in ancient India, traditional interpretations of the Buddha’s teachings (Dharma), growth and development of the Buddhist community (Sangha), Buddhist practices and transmission in different areas of South Asia, and the revival of Buddhism are among the topics. Participants engage with analysis and discussion of readings from secondary textbooks as well as original literary, epigraphic, and archaeological sources. (Writing-intensive.) (Same as Religious Studies 144.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Abhishek Amar.
146S Christianity to 1500.
A survey of the origins and development of the Christian religion in its social, political, and cultural contexts from the first century CE to the eve of the Protestant Reformation. Special consideration will be given to questions of orthodoxy versus heresy, the cult of saints, and the impact of Christian theology on the construction of class, gender, and identity in medieval Europe. Stress on basic skills in the study of history. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Eldevik.
Native American History Through 1865.
Native American history involves a recognition of the presence of Indians in the early landscape, the significance of their presence and their agency in historic events. This course will address these themes through a survey of the field of North American Indian history from first contact with Europeans until the end of the Civil War. Our goals are to expose students to the best literature in the field, raise questions about Indian experiences based on regional and chronological criteria, considering in particular the interaction of Native history and a more traditional American history. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20.
Nature’s Body: The Entwined Histories of Science, Gender, and Race.
People in the past explained differences in skin color and reproductive anatomy in ways that seem strange to us today. Yet our ideas that race and sex are biological and fixed at birth are equally strange – they are modern concepts deeply connected to colonialism, slavery, and the Enlightenment. This course examines how scientific ideas about immutable race and sex became dominant in “the West.” Students analyze primary sources from the classical to the modern eras written by explorers, natural and moral philosophers, botanists, social Darwinists, and birth control proponents. (Writing-intensive.) Stress on basic skills in the study of history. Maximum enrollment, 20.
150F Myth and History of the Middle Ages.
Here’s the inside scoop on all those stories you’ve heard about medieval history! This course will critically examine famous battles, trials, scandals, plagues, and books that changed the course of history in the Middle Ages, and perhaps of Western Civilization itself. Or did they? From the barbarian invasions to Viking raids to the origins of the Renaissance, nothing is really as it seems when we start asking what the original sources really say and what we can really know about the past. (Writing-intensive.) Stress on basic skills in the study of history. Maximum enrollment, 20. John Eldevik.
152F The Devil’s Excrement: Oil in the Americas.
Some people call petroleum “black gold.” Others call it “the devil’s excrement,” claiming it brings only corruption and debt. Why does this natural resource have such distinct nicknames? This course addresses that question by examining the history of petroleum and its social, political, ecological, and economic effects in the oil producing countries of the Americas, particularly Mexico, Venezuela, and the United States. Primary source readings include memoirs by oil drillers, novels about foreign oil company dominance, speeches by company representatives, and manifestos by petroleum workers. (Writing-intensive.) Stress on basic skills in the study of history. Maximum enrollment, 20. Rebecca Tally.
180F Exploring Culture in the Great Cities of Asia.
An interdisciplinary exploration of Asian cultures through cities in China, India and Japan from early times to the 20th century. Examines the history and geography of greater Asia; its diverse peoples and their philosophical and literary traditions; their religious and commercial practices; and their art. (Writing-intensive.) (Same as Asian Studies 180.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Trivedi and Wilson.
202F Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.
The Dark Ages aren't what they used to be! This course surveys the social, economic and religious history in Europe and the Mediterranean from ca. 200 to 1000 AD, with particular attention to questions of continuity between the Roman Empire and its successors states in the east and west, the rise of Christianity and Islam, and the creation of new ethnic identities and social structures in the post-Roman world. J Eldevik.
African-American History to 1865.
A survey of the social, political and economic history of African-Americans from the 1600s to the Civil War. Focuses on slavery and resistance, racism, the family, women and cultural contributions. (Same as Africana Studies 203.)
African-American History from 1865 to the Present.
The experiences of the African-American community from Reconstruction, through Industrialization and Northern Migration, the Harlem Renaissance and Pan Africanism, to the World Wars and the Civil Rights Movement. Analysis of the construction of “race” in each period and the diversity of the black experience in America. (Same as Africana Studies 204.)
207S Europe and the Mediterranean 1000-1500.
The course will explore the civilization of the High and Late Middle Ages, from the Crusades to the Black Death and the Age of Exploration, with a particular focus on the growth of the commercial economy, the development of royal states and the papal monarchy, and the cultural impact of expanding contacts between western Europe and the wider Mediterranean and Near Eastern worlds. Readings will draw from a wide range of sources, from philosophical treatises, to travelogues, to mystical vision literature and vernacular poetry. Eldevik.
208F Colonial Latin American History.
This course surveys Latin American history from the fifteenth century to 1810. Topics include the Incan and Aztec empires, Spanish conquest, Portuguese settlement, slavery, religion, colonial economy, autonomous indigenous communities, and evolving racial identities. The course also focuses on the impact of competing European imperial powers and the Seven Years War, which pushed a weakened Spanish imperial state to attempt to extract more economic resources from its American colonies, an effort that led to rebellion, and ultimately, revolution. Rebecca Tally.
210S An Introduction to the History of the United States, 1492-1861.
Introduction to U.S. history and the exploration and settlement of British North America, the encounter between Europeans and Native Americans, the colonial era, the American Revolution, the Federalist Era, and 19th-century U.S. history including the growing national division over slavery, concluding with the onset of the Civil War. D Ambrose.
An Introduction to the History of the United States, 1861-2001.
Introduction to U.S. history and an overview of the Civil War and Reconstruction, the emergence of the U.S. as a global power, progressivism and the New Deal, the Cold War, the liberal and radical insurgencies of the 1960s, and the conservative revival of the 1970s to the present.
Modern Germany: 1789 to the Present.
Political, cultural and social developments, with emphasis on the authoritarian versus the liberal tradition, unity and modernization, the World Wars, Nazi tyranny, postwar division and unification.
Literature and History of the British Empire.
This course examines the British Empire by juxtaposing literary texts and a variety of historical sources. It develops thematic subjects such as the civilizing mission and the violence of imperial rule, and it introduces students to literary and historical methodologies. It mainly addresses British representations of and relationships with Ireland, India, and Africa, highlighting both British and colonial writers. Authors include Schreiner, Conrad, Kipling, Tagore, and Bowen. Prerequisite, one course in history or English. (Same as English and Creative Writing 213.)
215F The American Civil War.
Examines the causes, conduct and legacy of the American Civil War, with particular attention to the debate over slavery, the divergent social, economic and cultural development of the southern and northern states, the religious dimension of the war, battle front strategy and home front mobilization, the politics of emancipation, reconstruction, redemption and reconciliation, and the Civil War in popular memory down to the present. Isserman.
217F Social History of Latin America.
Iberian America since the Conquest, emphasizing social structure and social change. Covers colonial background to modern Latin American societies, but focuses on late-19th century and twentieth century in Mexico, Brazil and Argentina. (Same as Sociology 217.) Gilbert.
History of Brazil.
With the world’s sixth largest economy and a geographic territory surpassing the continental U.S., Brazil is fast becoming an important regional power in the Western Hemisphere. This course surveys its history from its “accidental discovery” by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century, to the end of the military dictatorship in 1985 and subsequent democratization, focusing on issues such as slavery, sugar and coffee cultivation, monarchism, liberalism and state formation, “racial democracy,” and economic development and inequality.
Contemporary Culture and Politics in India.
Cultural and political-economic dynamics in post-colonial India. Traverses early and more recent anthropological approaches to rural village social structure, including dimensions of hierarchy, gender, religion, communication and economy; relatively recent transformations in expressions thereof that are national in scope; and relatively new considerations of the importance of media, including cultural productions disseminated through audio-cassettes, film and television, as the economy undergoes neo-liberal transformations. Prerequisite, one course in anthropology, History/Asian Studies 180 or consent of instructor.
221F Early Russian History From Rurik to Alexander II.
A survey of Russian history from Kievan Rus’ to the Great Reforms of Alexander II. Emphasis on the development of Russia from scattered principalities to empire and the struggle for an identity between Europe and Asia. (Same as Russian Studies 221.) Keller.
222S Modern Russian History: Serfs to Post-Soviets.
Russia from the 1861 emancipation of the serfs to the present. Study of revolution and continuity throughout the modern period, with an emphasis on the multi-national character of the Russian/Soviet state. (Same as Russian Studies 222.) Keller.
Gender and Violence in the Middle Ages.
This course serves as an introduction to the field of Medieval and Renaissance Studies. Drawing on multiple disciplinary perspectives, including those of literature, law, history, and art, we will examine the intersection of ideas about the body, gender, and violence in the European Middle Ages. Readings may include the Bible and early patristic writings; the lives of saints; poems and advice manuals on courtly love; depictions of women in the Crusades; Icelandic sagas; and perspectives on the trial of Joan of Arc. (Oral Presentations.) Prerequisite, One 100-level course in literature or history, or AP 4 or 5 in English or history. (Same as English and Creative Writing 223 and English and Creative Writing 223 and Medieval and Renaissance Studies 223.) Maximum enrollment, 24.
225F History of European Thought: 1600-1830.
Origins and development of the modern Western mind. Emphasis on the Scientific Revolution, modern political theories, the rise of secularism, the Philosophes and the Enlightenment, romanticism, conservatism, nationalism and German idealism. A Kelly.
226S History of European Thought: 1830 to the Present.
Intellectual responses to the modern world. Emphasis on liberalism, positivism, Marxism, Darwinism, racism, the challenge of Nietzsche, the rise of social sciences and historicism, discovery of the unconscious, the problem of the masses, fascism, communism and existentialism. A Kelly.
229F The American Founding: Ideals and Reality.
An intensive analysis of the philosophical ideals of the Founding Era (1763-1800) and their uneven realization. Social histories of various races, genders and classes will help illuminate the inherent ambiguities, weaknesses, strengths and legacies of the social and political philosophies of late 18th-century America. Prerequisite, Government 117, Philosophy 117 or a 100-level course in history. May count toward a concentration in either history or government. Not open to students who have taken History 240 or 374. (Same as Government 229 and College Courses and Seminars 229.) Maximum enrollment, 24. Ambrose and Martin.
230F Britain, Ireland, Empire, 1485-1688.
This course examines the shifting boundaries of sovereignty and religion in Britain and Ireland in the period from the founding of the Tudor monarchy to the Glorious Revolution. It simultaneously shows how England developed its power overseas through trade, colonization, and privateering. This course illuminates the disparate, multicultural societies over which the English monarchy extended its rule, demonstrating how tumultuous struggles to consolidate and sustain political authority in the ‘Atlantic archipelago’ corresponded with the global expansion of British commerce. K Grant.
231S Britain, Ireland, Empire, 1688-2007.
This course examines the fraught relationship between Great Britain and Ireland from the Glorious Revolution to the era of New Labour and the Good Friday peace accord. It shows how British society was transformed by commerce and industrialization, and how the development and eventual collapse of the overseas empire influenced British politics and culture. In addressing the post-imperial era, the course places emphasis on the Cold War, the effects of the decline of Britain’s industrial economy, and immigration from the Commonwealth. K Grant.
Women in Modern Asia.
Key dimensions of women’s relationships to colonial and national states in Asia during the 20th century. Introduction to distinct cultural systems in Asia with emphasis on how religion, ethnicity and class shape lives of women in Asian societies. Roles of women in politics, economics and social reform under both colonial and national states. Extensive use of biography, autobiography and memoir. (Same as Women's Studies 235.)
239S The Making of Modern India, 1526-1947.
An intermediate-level survey of the history of South Asia from the Mughal Empire to independence. Comparative emphasis upon changes in social identities, political systems and economic life. Primary documents draw forward the perspective of rulers, merchants, women, reformers, workers, colonial officials and nationalists. Not open to first-year students in the fall. Trivedi.
The Era of the American Revolution.
The American War of Independence gave birth to the modern world's first constitutional republic and fed a long struggle between the Revolution's ideals of republicanism and liberty. This course will consider the military campaigns as well as political and cultural influences in the revolutionary era: Reformed Protestantism, English governmental traditions, and the imperial crisis. The course will also provide an overview of the progress of the colonial crisis from the French and Indian War, the Revolutionary War, the “critical period,” and the formation of the new Constitution.
American Colonial History.
A survey of early America from European contact through the Revolution, with emphasis on Indian relations, settlement patterns, political, economic and social development, religious and cultural life, and regional similarities and differences. Not open to first-year students.
242S The Old South.
Examination of the development of Southern society from European settlement through the Confederacy. Emphasis on evolution of slavery and political development; religious, intellectual and cultural life; slave life and resistance; gender and family relations; secession; and the legacy of Southern history. Paquette.
243F Tocqueville's America.
Alexis de Tocqueville wrote one of the most influential assessments ever written about politics and culture in the United States. Tocqueville traveled widely and his insights into religion, slavery, private association, democratic procedure, individualism, and the American mind and character have been recited and explored by legions of writers. This course will center on reading Tocqueville's work to examine the strengths and weaknesses of the text. Robert Paquette.
244S Hindus and Muslims in South Asia: Conflict and Coexistence.
This course examines interaction, competition, conflicts and dialogues between Hinduism and Islam to study the process through which these traditions shaped the socio-religious and political landscape of South Asia. Themes include the emergence of new syncretic traditions, practices and rituals, kingship, conversion, communal conflict and riots, and modernity. The course problematizes understanding of these themes by combining secondary literature with primary (literary, epigraphic, and archaeological) sources and adopts an integrative approach. (Same as Religious Studies 244.) Abhishek Amar.
"Cracking India:" Historical and Literary Perspectives on Partition.
Interdisciplinary seminar investigates the 1947 partition of British India into the independent nations of India and Pakistan from multiple perspectives and drawing on a variety of sources, including conventional and oral histories, memoirs, fiction and film. Focus on gender and class as well as religious differences. Prerequisite, an introductory course in either history or literature.
248F Death and Dying in Indian Religions.
How does religion make sense of death? Can we conceptualize death? How has death been understood from cultural, social, philosophical and medical perspectives? Along with these questions, this course will examine the variety of ways in which Indian religions approach death, dying, and death related issues. The course will primarily look at historical attitudes toward death, disposal of the dead/rituals, memorialization and remembrance through a study of religious literature and archaeological materials. (Writing-intensive.) Not open to those who have taken RelSt 119 or 326 (Same as Religious Studies 248.) Maximum enrollment, 20. A Amar.
A survey of American life from 1789 to 1900, with emphasis on the origins of political parties, the growth of democracy, sectional conflict and war, and the transformation of America from an agrarian to an industrial state.
Recent American History: The United States, 1941 to the Present.
A survey of American political, economic, cultural and social life from the start of the Second World War to the present. Topics include the Second World War, the Cold War, McCarthyism, the Civil Rights Movement, the sixties and their aftermath, and the Reagan Revolution and its aftermath.
256F Islam and Modernity in South Asia.
This course develops a nuanced understanding of Islam and its role in shaping socio-religious and political landscape of modern and pre-modern South Asia. Questioning misconceptions of Islam, it examines its mideast origins, Qura'n, theology, law, religious practices, Shi'i and Sufi traditions, expansion in South Asia, colonialism, and modernity. Readings include secondary, literary, architectural and archaeological sources. Not open to students who have taken RELST 213: Islam and Modernity in South Asia (Same as Religious Studies 256.) Abhishek Amar.
Priests, Warriors and Commoners in Early/Ancient India.
A factual and analytical study of South Asia History from the rise of the Indus Valley Civilization to the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate (ca. 2500 BCE-1200 CE). Introduces major processes, narratives and interpretations of early India by exploring urbanization, empires and regional states, mercantile and trade networks, and development and transformation of Buddhism and Hinduism. Adopts a multi-disciplinary examination of literary, archaeological and art-historical sources. Of interest to students of history, art history, literature and religion.
Race, War and Society in United States History.
An examination of the relationship between war and racial ideologies in the development of American social relations from the colonial period to the present. Specifically focuses on how issues of race have been central to the ways in which war has been conceptualized and waged both within the United States and beyond. Explores how the social, cultural, regional evolution of the United States is intimately connected to the encounters of various racial-ethnic groups with violence emerging in the context of periods of warfare. (Same as Africana Studies 268.)
Emperor, Courtier and Samurai in Japan.
Study of the politics, religion and literature of classical Japan, the social and political impact of the emergence of the samurai in medieval Japan, and "restoration" of imperial authority during the Meiji era. Focuses on interaction with Chinese culture in the formation of Heian politics and religion; the contestation for political power at the imperial court; tensions among the court, the shogun and regional samurai vassals in the medieval era; and the emergence of a nativist reaction to Chinese influence beginning in the 18th century.
Restoration and Reform in Modern Japan.
Examines the historical background of the Meiji era (1868-1911), the social and political reforms enacted during that period and their consequences throughout the 20th century. Focuses on the decline of the samurai class, the contradictory motives of Meiji reformers, traditional nativism's impact on the rise of fascism, and Japan's military and economic expansion in Asia in the 1930s and 1940s.
275S Modern Middle Eastern History.
A survey of the Middle East from Napoleon’s invasion of Egypt in 1798 to the present. Examines Muslim responses to European imperialism, political and cultural developments, the impact of the Cold War and the continuing Arab-Israeli rivalry. Keller.
277S Conservative Thought in the United States.
Survey of major conservative thinkers and their writings from the founding of the United States to present. Focuses on various strains of right-of-center thinking, the growth of a mainstream conservative worldview in the antebellum South, the rise of the modern conservative movement under William F. Buckley after World War II, and fissures in the movement after the fall of the Soviet Union. (Same as Government 277.) Paquette.
278S South Africa, 1652-2004.
Survey from the first Dutch settlement on the Cape in 1652 through the first multiracial democratic election in 1994. Issues will be explored through the experiences of indigenous peoples, such as the Khoisan, Zulu and Xhosa, migrant laborers from Asia, the “coloured” community, Afrikaners and British settlers. Grant.
280S Emperor, Gentryman, and Commoner in Ming-Qing China.
Study of Chinese cultural and social history during the Ming and Qing dynasties (thirteenth to the nineteenth century) from the perspectives of the emperor, the Confucian gentry, and commoners. Focuses on the ritual roles of the emperor and civil officials, and the range commoner experiences from rural farmer to urban merchant. Considers the intersection of religious practices among the emperor, Confucian officials, and commoners; the decline of the medieval aristocracy and emergence of the Confucian gentry; the family, gender, and footbinding. No previous knowledge of Asian history required. Wilson.
Rebellious Union: Britain and Ireland, c 1700-2000.
A survey of the political relationship between Britain and Ireland, situated in the broader context of the British Empire. Examines this relationship from the colonial era through the Good Friday agreement of 1998, with emphasis upon the development of national cultures, political parties, rebel movements, and government institutions and policies. Prerequisite, one 100-level history course or consent of instructor.
283S A Modern History of Japan: From Samurai to Salaryman 1800-1989.
This survey course focuses on the economic, social, and political changes from 1800-1989 for people living in what became the nation of Japan. The modern period is characterized by political upheaval, changing societal roles, creation of a multi-ethnic empire, the Asia-Pacific War, and Japan’s emergence as an imperial power. Beginning with the twilight years of the samurai in 1800, we will follow Japan’s transition from the Tokugawa period to the end of the Showa period marked by the death of Emperor Hirohito in 1989. John Person.
Great Britain, the Empire and Immigration, 1783-1997.
A survey of British politics and society from the end of the war with the American colonies to the election of New Labour. Emphasis on imperial and post-colonial issues, including the influence of the empire on British daily life, ideologies of race and immigration. Prerequisite, one 100-level history course or consent of instructor.
Modernity and Nationhood in China.
Examination of the social and cultural forces contributing to the decline of imperial institutions beginning in the 19th century, as found in the Taiping Rebellion, cultural interaction with Western missionaries, traders, and military and nationalist revolutions in the 20th century. Readings and class discussions consider the coherence of nationhood in Chinese identity and reexamine the “Western impact” as a force in the formation of modernism in China. Not open to first-year students.
290F Classics of Modern Social Thought.
Reading and discussion of major thinkers in the development of modern Western social thought. Authors include Machiavelli, Rousseau, Burke, Marx, Darwin, Weber, Freud, Mannheim and de Beauvoir. Emphasis on class presentations, debates, book notes and class protocols. Works examined from historical, sociological, psychological and philosophical perspectives. (Oral Presentations.) Prerequisite, one course in history or sociology. May count toward a concentration in either history or sociology. (Same as Sociology 290.) Maximum enrollment, 24. A Kelly and Chambliss.
The Crusades in Context.
The quest by Latin Christians to recapture Jerusalem and the Holy Land from Muslims and maintain a presence in the Middle East over the course of the Middle Ages becomes the lens through which this course will examine a wide range of social, intellectual and religious developments in medieval the Mediterranean world. Our readings will include first-hand accounts of the Crusades from Arab, Greek and Latin sources, imaginative travel literature, Romance epics, and other texts that shed light on the experience of Europe's encounter with the wider world during the Crusade era. (Same as Religious Studies 295.)
Christianity in America, 1600-1890.
Examination of Christianity in America from the era of European settlement to the end of the 19th century. Topics include encounters with Native American religions, revivalism, sectarianism, slavery and antislavery, religion and politics, theological developments, popular beliefs and practices, and the rise of unbelief. (Same as Religious Studies 297.)
301F The Philosophy of History.
An examination of such enduring issues as causation, general laws, fact and explanation, objectivity, pattern and meaning, uniqueness and the role of the individual. Readings from classic and contemporary texts, with emphasis on the practical, historiographical implications of philosophical theories. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, two 200-level history courses or one 100-level history course and one course in philosophy. (Same as Philosophy 301 .) Maximum enrollment, 20. A Kelly.
A History of Work.
How do we understand the rise of modern industrial society? Examines the narrative of industrialization in a comparative historical framework. Emphasis is placed on the history of industrialization through an examination of the rise of key industries, the formation of middle and working classes, the role of colonialism in economic development, and the relationship of class and gender in the modern world. Students read monographs, as well as a variety of primary sources including memoirs, government documents, and reformist literature. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level history course or consent of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 12.
Nomads, Conquerors and Trade: Central and Inner Asia.
Study of Central and Inner Asia's place among more familiar Asian cultures such as China and India. Centrally located but distant from the great empires, Central Asia has transmitted peoples, ideas and goods across the Eurasian continent. It has also been home to rich cultures that have combined Turkic, Persian, Chinese, Mongol and Russian influences. Examines dominant cultural patterns across time and place as well as the modern history of the region. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 180, or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
Seminar on Asian Temples in a Virtual World.
Examination of Asian religious practices in ritual, bodily, and spatial contexts. Discussion of textual and visual sources on ritual interactions with gods; use and layout of temples and altars, including offerings, music, dance, representations of deities; meditation and internal alchemy. In addition to reading conventional textual sources, students will be instructed in digital historical methods to collect and analyze materials on the web. Writing assignments include short essays and a final research project of the student's design to be presented with text and images in digital form. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 100-level History course, course on Asian history or religion, or instructor's consent. (Same as Religious Studies 309.) Maximum enrollment, 12.
The History of Hamilton College.
Examination of the history of Hamilton College from its founding as the Hamilton Oneida Academy in 1793 to its bicentennial celebration in 2012. Topics include Samuel Kirkland’s mission to the Oneida, curricular reform, the College in the wider world, the rise and fall of Kirkland College, campus life and politics. Students will make extensive use of the College archives and write a research paper on some aspect of Hamilton’s history. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200 level U.S. history course or permission of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
Origins of the Nazi movement, Hitler and the Nazi Party, daily life in the Third Reich, origins and causes of World War II and the Holocaust. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 212, 218 or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
Competition and Coexistence: Exploring Inter-Religious Dynamics in South Asia.
Examination of interactions among diverse religious traditions of South Asia and of issues linked to socio-religious identities and political landscape. Analyzes interactions and dialogues among multiple religious orders including the Vedic Priests, Renouncer orders (i.e., Buddhism and Jainism), Hinduism and Islam. Investigation of strategies adopted by different religious traditions to compete, critique, borrow, modify and appropriate literary and material cultural elements from each other, examining literature, epigraphs, sacred imagery and reconfigurations of sacred landscape. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one history course. Maximum enrollment, 20.
Power and Lordship in Medieval Europe.
Examines the social and economic development of early European society, with a focus on peasant life, ecclesiastical institutions and aristocratic power in the context of contemporary medieval intellectual debates about justice, order and inequality in a Christian society. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level history course. Maximum enrollment, 20.
"The Making of American Scripture".
An intensive examination of the relation between the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution from the time of the founding to the end of the Civil War. How did the founders and framers understand the relation? What key political and legal events changes that understanding? How did leading thinkers and activists frame the ideas of liberty and equality? What role did slavery play in the debate? Did Abraham Lincoln change the meaning of the Union? (Writing-intensive.) First-year students can register only with permission of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
Rebels, Radicals and Reformers in Pre-Modern Europe.
Tackles the problem of religious deviancy and political dissent in Europe between about 1000 and 1650 with several key questions in mind: How did people cope with the conflicting demands of authority and social justice in the world, and reconcile flawed earthly institutions with the idea of an eternal heavenly order? How can modern historians recover the intentions and thoughts of people whose ideas were often intentionally scrubbed from the historical record? Readings will consist of primary source material as well as recent scholarly literature on the subject. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level history course. Maximum enrollment, 20.
Philosophical Masters of Ancient China.
Discussion of the major religious and philosophical schools of ancient China. Readings in the Daode jing, Zhuangzi, Analects, Book of Rites, Mencius and Xunzi. Students read major writings by ancient Chinese masters and debate their virtues and shortcomings. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 100-level history course, Asian Studies 180 or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
Hunger in History.
Examines how people have understood the significance of hunger in terms of health, religion and politics. Addresses the significance of hunger at different times and in different cultural contexts. Subjects include the fasts of religious women in medieval Europe, the experience of famine, the development of nutritional science, the creation of government programs to combat hunger, and the use of hunger in both militant and non-violent political protests in the 20th century. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in history or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
337S Seminar: Confucian Traditions.
Examination of Confucian thought and ritual practice from classical times to the early 20th century. Emphasis on reading philosophical and ritual texts in translation in order to understand the various ways that Confucians understood their place in Chinese society. (Writing-intensive.) (Oral Presentations.) Prerequisite, relevant coursework in history, Asian studies or religious studies, or consent of instructor. (Same as Philosophy 337.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Wilson.
Seminar: Heroes and Bandits in Chinese History and Fiction.
Readings from several of China’s greatest literary works (including histories, novels, opera and poetry) such as Sima Qian’s Records of the Grand Historian and The Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Reexamination of widely held assumptions about history and fiction with discussions and writing assignments on the role played by different genres as sources for knowledge about the past. Emphasis on authors’ attitudes in shaping narrative accounts of heroes, bandits, assassins, scholars, women and emperors. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 280, 285 or consent of instructor. (Same as Comparative Literature 338.) Maximum enrollment, 12.
Columbus's Library: Texts, Travel and the Medieval Imagination.
Examination of works of geography, natural history, travel, and exploration that informed how medieval readers imagined the wider world and its peoples as Europe embarked on an era of unprecedented expansion and growth. Special attention to texts read by Columbus in preparation for what he thought would be a voyage to East Asia, such as Pliny's Natural History, Travels of Marco Polo, and Travels of Sir John Mandeville, but other traditions, such as Alexander Romance, the legend of Prester John, apocalyptic theology, Crusader histories, and Arab travel literature will also be considered. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, One course in history or Asian studies. Maximum enrollment, 20.
World War I.
Explores the origins, process and results of World War I, focusing principally on Europe. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in European history or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
341F Studies in American Colonial History: Revolt and Rebellion in Late Seventeenth Century America.
In 1676 North American colonial life shattered. Bacon’s Rebellion changed the face of the Chesapeake. In Massachusetts King Philip's War was the bloodiest conflict in American history. In New Mexico the Pueblo Revolt pushed the Spanish out. This class will explore the three conflicts and the forces that relate and distinguish them. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 241 or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Ragosta.
The Minds of the Old South: Southern Intellectual History, 1700-1877.
Investigation of the intellectual and cultural history of white and black southern Americans from 1700 through Reconstruction. Topics include religious beliefs and practices, literary production and consumption, political and social thought, and relation of southern thought to national and transatlantic developments. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level history course or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
The Soviet Union as a Multi-National State.
The USSR claimed to be a revolutionary political form: a state based on the voluntary union of workers from over 100 different nationalities. The Bolsheviks intended to lead Russian peasants, Kyrgyz nomads and Chechen mountaineers together into the bright Communist future. What they actually achieved is another question. Explores the concepts of nation, empire and modernization in the Soviet context. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 221, 222 or consent of instructor. (Same as Russian Studies 345.) Maximum enrollment, 20.
Slavery and the Civil War.
A study of the causes and consequences of the Civil War, with emphasis on antebellum society, sectional tensions, Abraham Lincoln and military strategy. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 251, Africana Studies 101 or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
Seminar: Race and Popular Culture in the United States.
Examination of how theater, music, movies, television and sports have reflected and shaped racial politics in the United States. Includes analysis of stereotypes and their political implications for both racial segregation and civil rights. Further considers the agency of African-American performers and athletes. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 12.
Seminar on the Sixties.
Examination of a critical period in recent U.S. history, with special attention to the Civil Rights Movement, the Vietnam War, campus protest and the origins of the women’s movement. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American history. Maximum enrollment, 20.
The History of American Exploration and Outdoor Adventure.
The history and culture of the United States is bound up with that of the discovery and exploration of the New World. A focus on the meaning of that legacy for Americans from the 19th century on. Topics covered will include military exploration and surveys of the west, the development of a wilderness and a conservation ethic, and the growth of mountaineering and similar outdoor endeavors. Prerequisite, one 200-level U.S. history course. Maximum enrollment, 12.
This course exposes students to the Hindu texts to develop a sense of their historical development, key Hindu ideas, and the complex and diverse ways of expressing religiosity. The course examines selected written, oral and performed texts of the Hindu tradition in a variety of social, historical and religious contexts. Readings include translations from a variety of Indian literary genres ranging from the Vedas, Upanishads and epics to devotional poetry and modern oral narratives. Art, music, dance, and films related to the texts will supplement the primary sources. (Same as Religious Studies 355.)
359S The Early Republic, 1787 to 1815: From Philadelphia to New Orleans.
An intensive examination of the early history of the great American experiment in republican government from the Constitutional Convention to the Battle of New Orleans. Focus on the origin and ratification of the Constitution, rise of the first party system, slavery and its expansion, foreign relations, Jefferson's presidency, and War of 1812. The Federalist to be read in its entirety. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 100-level history course. Maximum enrollment, 12. Paquette.
Mythical Histories in China and Japan.
Examination of how history is used to legitimate or critique institutions such as the Japanese emperor, philosophical regimes such as Confucian orthodoxy, social practices such as women’s duties in an extended Chinese family or Marxist revolution. Emphasis on scrutiny of primary Chinese and Japanese texts in translation based on recent cultural theories such as deconstruction. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 270, 272, 280, 285 or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
Seminar: Colonial Encounters in Asia.
Examines encounters between Asian and Western peoples from Marco Polo to the present. Consideration of problems of orientalism/occidentalism and reassessment of the myth of the Western “impact” on Asia by learning how Asian peoples understood the West and the ways that Europe, too, was affected by these encounters. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, consent of instructor. No knowledge of Asian history required. Maximum enrollment, 12.
370F Topics in South Asian History: Photography, Women, and Labor in India.
Exploration of the theory and process of museum exhibition curating, taught in conjunction with the preparation of a photography exhibition the Wellin Museum. Emphasis on the early 20th century history of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, including that of the textile industry, nationalist politics, social reform, and women’s labor, as well as the history photography and the repurposing of archival imagery. Students will work collaboratively on exhibition materials, including image selection and layout, catalog and wall text production, and multimedia materials such as podcasts Prerequisite, One 200-level history course or permission of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 12. Lisa Trivedi.
Making the Constitution.
The U.S. Constitution is the oldest operating written constitution in the world and has achieved the status of a “sacred” text in the American polity. This course will explore the forces and concerns that led to the Philadelphia Convention, the progress of the Convention itself, ratification, and, briefly, the modern debate on originalism. In doing so, it will discuss in some detail the provisions of the Constitution and their historical origin and significance. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, One 200-level history course, or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
375S Gandhi: His Life and Times.
An examination of primary sources written by Mohandes K. Gandhi and his associates, as well as Gandhi’s autobiography and other scholarly works. Emphasis will be placed on different approaches to understanding and capturing Gandhi’s philosophy, his significance and his legacies in India, South Africa and the larger world. Topics include non-violence, the role of the individual in history and nationalist historiography. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level history course, or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 12. Trivedi.
Topics in American Biography.
Previous topic -- Founders and Their Progeny: American Political and Social Thought, 1750-1865. Examination of biographical studies of and writings by individuals who shaped and challenged American political and social thought from the era of the Revolution to the Civil War. Emphasis on author's interpretation of subject's relation to historical context, varieties of biographical methods and close analysis of subjects' writings. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American history. Maximum enrollment, 20.
381F Comparative Fascism: Japan and Beyond.
Examination of the idea of “fascism” as a framework to analyze society. Taking Japan as a point of departure, the course investigates “fascism” in relation to political economy, intellectual production, and mass culture in the Axis powers in the first half of the 20th century. Particular attention devoted to the cross-regional interactions in developing ideas of bureaucracy and national mobilization, race and ethnicity, and systems of political participation. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, One 200-level history course. Maximum enrollment, 20. John Person.
383F Topic: The Early-Modern English Empire.
This course examines two dynamic features of the early-modern English empire. It examines the slow transformation of the Atlantic Archipelago from disparate, multicultural kingdoms and chiefdoms into a connected political entity that became known as the British Isles. Second, it examines the expansion of English overseas trade and the development of England into a dominant maritime power. The general objective of the course is to evaluate how historians have attempted to combine these simultaneous processes of consolidation at home and expansion abroad into a single historical narrative. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level history course, or consent of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 12. Grant.
The Asia-Pacific War: Regarding the Pain of Others.
This seminar explores the development of the Asia-Pacific War by focusing on Japanese involvement on several fronts: Japanese expansion into China, the creation of the puppet state of Manchuria, the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and the subsequent confrontations in the Pacific and Southeast Asian theaters. From the experiences of kamikaze, comfort women (sex slaves for military), student corps, and of the Japanese and colonial subjects, we will explore the experience of war from a variety of perspectives. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20.
Latin American Environmental History.
Latin America’s natural environment is an important element of its cultural, social, economic, and political history. Climate, flora, and fauna helped construct racial identities; ecological change facilitated Spanish colonization; monoculture and deforestation undermined local autonomy. In recent years, the natural environment has become an important framework of analysis, bringing a fresh perspective to various historical issues. The course surveys this interdisciplinary body of literature; writing assignments emphasize both historiographical analysis and topical research. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, Any 200-level history course or consent of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
The American South in the Twentieth Century.
What is the South? Americans have long considered the South to be the most distinctive region in the country. Explores southern history from the Civil War to the present using social, political and cultural history considering the rise and fall of segregation, the emergence of the Sunbelt as an economic, political and social force, and the varieties of Southern culture. Also considers the vitality of regionalism and regional studies. In an era of mass markets, mass media, suburban homogenization and globalization, do regions still matter? (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American history or consent of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.
388F Re-opened veins: economic history of Latin America.
Examines intellectual trends and recent literature in Latin American economic history. Topics include the theory of unequal exchange, import substitution, dependency theory, modernization theory, and neoliberalism. The course examines the impact of these trends on policy formation and economic development, as well as their role in revolutionary movements, identity formation, and anti-imperialism evident in non-fiction and fictional texts such as Open Veins of Latin America and One Hundred Years of Solitude. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, Any 200-level history course. Maximum enrollment, 20. Rebecca Tally.
Seminar: African-American Intellectual History.
Examination of the black intellectual tradition in African-American history, from its 18th-century roots to its presence in contemporary American life. Critically engages the various strategies African-American intellectuals have employed to address the condition of people of African descent in the United States. Explores how the black intellectual has been defined throughout African-American history, how such definitions have been legitimated and the place of class, gender and location in the legacy of African-American intellectual thought. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level American history course. (Same as Africana Studies 389.) Maximum enrollment, 12.
The Mexican Revolution in History and Memory.
Between 1910 and 1920, Mexico experienced the first social revolution of the 20th century. It left a paradoxical legacy. It brought popular mobilization, sweeping social and political reform, and cultural upheaval, but it also led to a remarkably durable authoritarian regime that lasted for most of the 20th century. A look at the causes, processes and long aftermath of the revolution. Themes include peasant politics, state formation, nationalism, memory, gender, ethnicity, labor and class identities, political violence and U.S.-Mexican relations. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one course in history or government. (Same as Government 393.) Maximum enrollment, 20.
394F Topics in American Religious History.
Topic for 2013: “Religious Communal Societies in America, 1620-1950.” Utilizing the valuable holdings of Burke Library’s Communal Societies Collection, this seminar will focus on the various religious communal experiments, especially the Shakers, and their role in American religious history. All students will conduct research in the Communal Societies Collection. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level history course or consent of instructor. (Same as Religious Studies 394.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Ambrose.
Seminar: History of Gods.
A comparative study of how gods have been conceived and venerated in early Mediterranean and Asian societies, principally Greece, Rome, India, China, Korea and Japan. Students read liturgical texts, hymns and myths to consider the variety of conceptions of gods and the range of ritual forms used to venerate them across the Euro-Asian continent. Draws from theoretical readings to consider such problems as polytheism and monotheism; myth and ritual; sacrifice; ritual performance; shamanism; cult; and devotion. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, consent of instructor or relevant coursework in Asian studies, classics, history or religious studies. (Same as Religious Studies 396.) Maximum enrollment, 16.
Lives Against Apartheid.
Examines the experiences and objectives of protest against the apartheid regime in South Africa through the autobiographies and memoirs of leading participants in the anti-apartheid movement. Illuminates the different aspects of resistance to apartheid and demonstrates how autobiographies now contest the politics of protest and the legitimacy of authority in the post-apartheid, “non-racial” South African democracy. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level history course or consent of instructor. 278 strongly recommended, though not required. Maximum enrollment, 20.
The Great Medieval Boom.
Known as the “High Middle Ages,” the period between the years 1000 and 1300 in Europe were marked by expansion in an amazing variety of areas: agricultural, economic, demographic, spiritual, technological. In many ways, the period laid the foundation for modernity, as Europe emerged from centuries of isolation and poverty. Examines in a seminar setting a number of perspectives on why this extraordinary shift took place. (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20.
401F Research Seminar in History.
Critical evaluation of scholarship on a selected topic, culminating in a historiographical essay, or primary research on a selected topic, culminating in an original, interpretive essay. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, concentration in history or consent of instructor. Open only to seniors. Maximum enrollment, 20. Keller and Wilson.
550F,S Senior Thesis.
A project limited to senior concentrators in history, resulting in a thesis supervised by a member of the department. Prerequisite, A GPA in the concentration of 3.7 or higher and one year of college-level study of a foreign language. Required of candidates for departmental honors. Keller.
551S Senior Thesis.
A project limited to senior concentrators in history, resulting in a thesis expanded beyond the work of 550. Prerequisite, 550 and consent of instructor. Keller.