Embargoed for Release:
Monday, August 21, 2000
9:30 am EDT

Analysis
Poll Responses
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HAMILTON COLLEGE YOUTH AND GUNS POLL EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Nine out of 10 American high school students support key handgun control proposals, according to a new poll conducted by researchers at Hamilton College.The Hamilton College Youth and Guns Poll is the first national survey to probe high school students' attitudes toward gun issues.This survey of more than 1,000 high school sophomores, juniors and seniors was designed and analyzed by Hamilton Sociology Professor Dennis Gilbert and his students. It was wholly funded by Hamilton's Arthur Levitt Public Affairs Center and administered by the polling firm Zogby International. The poll had an expected margin of sampling error of plus or minus 3 percent.

Among the poll's main findings are the following:



*Support among high school students for the most commonly discussed handgun control and gun safety measures is almost universal.

* High school students back handgun regulation at higher levels than respondents in recent adult surveys

*High school students believe that the Constitution protects the right of citizens to own guns. But they reject the idea that government regulation of the sale and use of handguns violates this right.

*Almost half of high school students say it would be easy for a teenagers to obtain a handgun in their neighborhood. A third report that they know of someone at their school who has been threatened with a gun or shot at.

*There is a notable gender gap in gun attitudes among high school students. Majorities of males, but much larger majorities of females, support gun control and safety measures.

* Many high school students are potential gun control activists -- willing to sign petitions, participate in demonstrations, and volunteer their time to obtain passage of stricter gun laws.


HAMILTON COLLEGE YOUTH AND GUNS POLL: ANALYSIS

 

by Dennis Gilbert

Professor of Sociology, Hamilton College

 

GUNS AND GUN VIOLENCE IN THE LIVES OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

����������� The Hamilton College Guns and Youth Poll found that high school students are aware of handguns as a national issue and a local reality. More than 90 percent of the students interviewed said that they had seen media coverage of gun control issues.Over 80 percent indicated that they had discussed gun control in school, at home or with friends. Many reported instances of gun violence in their schools or neighborhoods -- sometimes involving friends or relatives.

 

����������� Almost half the students interviewed thought that it would be easy for someone their age (typically 15 to 17) to obtain a handgun in their neighborhood. About one-third knew of someone in their school who had been threatened with a gun or shot at.A quarter of students said that they or someone close to them -- like a relative or a friend -- had been "shot by a gun," outside of military combat.(The proportion rose to a startling 47 percent among students living in cities with populations over 500,000.)

 

����������� The circumstances and setting of these incidents varied.A junior at an urban high school says she lost a close male friend who was shot and killed while playing basketball.A senior from a suburban high reports that her brother got in a fight and was shot in the leg. Some students reported hunting accidents; in one case, the student's brother had shot his father. A sophomore from a small town in the South described a bizarre incident in which some boys were "messing around;" one shot another "in the butt" and received a stab wound in return.

 

����������� Nonetheless, most high school students regard their schools as safe and could not recall serious incidents involving guns in their schools or neighborhoods.

 

 

SUPPORT FOR GUN CONTROL

����������� Almost all the students interviewed for the Hamilton poll support four measures currently advanced by many advocates of handgun control: a five-day "cooling-off period" for gun purchases, government registration of handguns, licensing of handgun owners, and background checks for all buyers. Support for these measures, considered individually, is generally in the 90 percent range.Eighty-five percent of students favored at least three of the four measures.Less commonly heard proposals to raise the age at which a handgun can be purchased or to ban handgun possession altogether received lower levels of support.

 

����������� The Hamilton researchers found that high school students are more likely to support concrete gun control proposals than the abstract idea of gun control. In the interviews, the questions on specific control measures were preceded by a general question which has been used in many national surveys of adults: "[Should] laws covering the sale of firearms be made more strict, less strict or kept as they are?" Sixty-five percent opted for stricter laws and 29 percent for the status quo.(Only 5 percent wanted to roll back current laws).Obviously, most of those who did not opt for stricter laws in the abstract favored popular measures like the waiting period and licensing.

 

Gun Control Measures

Percent
Favoring

Gun Control Measures

89 Require a 5-day waiting period between the purchase and delivery of a handgun, to keep the buyer from acting on impulse against himself or others.
96 Register all handguns, at the time of purchase, so they can be traced by the police when necessary for criminal investigations.
92 Require all handgun buyers to pass a criminal background check, whether they are buying the gun from a gun dealer or a private individual, at a store or a gun show.
90 Require handgun buyers to obtain a gun owner's license before purchasing a handgun.
64 Raise the age at which someone can purchase a handgun from 18 to 21.
38 Ban the possession of handguns except by the police and other authorized personnel.
11 Ban the possession of handguns by all persons, even the police

 

 

SUPPORT FOR GUN SAFETY LEGISLATION

����������� Most of the high school students interviewed for the Hamilton study were also supportive of three current gun safety proposals: mandatory trigger locks, a required safety course for gun buyers, and potential criminal liability for allowing guns to fall into the hands of children. Approximately three-quarters of high school students support all three safety measures.

 

 

Gun Safety Measures

Percent Favoring

Gun Safety Measures

87 Require all guns sold in the U.S. to have a trigger lock, a device that prevents a gun from being fired until the device is unlocked and removed.
89 Require anyone who wants to buy a gun to first pass a safety course.
78 Hold adults criminally responsible if they fail to store a gun safely and a child harms himself or someone else with that gun.

 

 

CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS AND GUN CONTROL

����������� One statistic from the Hamilton poll will please advocates of gun owners rights: 81 percent of high school students believe that "the US Constitution guarantees individual citizens the right to own firearms." It is thus not surprising that these teenage respondents balk at proposals that would ban handgun possession (see above).

 

But two-thirds of the students who say they believe there is a constitutional right to own guns, reject the idea that "laws regulating the sale and use of handguns violate the constitutional rights of gun owners."And more than 80 percent of the students interviewed agree that the "government should do everything it can to keep handguns out of the hands of criminals, even if it means that it will be harder for law-abiding citizens to purchase handguns."In short, most American high school students are convinced that gun ownership is constitutionally protected, but, at the same time, subject to reasonable regulation.

 

COMPARISONS WITH ADULTS

To allow comparisons of teen and adult attitudes on gun issues, the Hamilton Youth and Guns Poll replicated some questions from current academic and media surveys of adults.The comparisons reveal that high school students are generally more supportive of gun control than their elders.Students responding to the Hamilton survey backed the broad notion of "stricter gun laws" at the same level as adults but were significantly more likely than adults tofavor specific control measures.They rejected the idea of a civilian gun ban in the same proportions as adults.

 

����������� But in 13 out of 14 comparisons with recent adult polls concerning the five-day waiting period, registration of handguns, background checks, licensing of handgun owners, and trigger locks, the Hamilton poll found higher levels of support for the regulation of handguns.For example, 96 percent of the students interviewed favor handgun registration, compared to 75 to 80 percent of the adults surveyed by CNN, ABC/Washington Post, and the University of Chicago�s National Opinion Research Center (NORC).[1]

����������� High school students are much more likely than adults (81 vs. 48 percent) to believe in a constitutional right to gun ownership.[2] But two-thirds of high school students believe that the right to ownership does not preclude handgun regulation -- a proposition supported by a slim majority of adults in an older (1993) Gallup poll. And students are more likely than adults (83 vs. 75 percent) to agree that the �government should do everything� to keep criminals from getting handguns, even if this makes it harder for �law abiding citizens� to buy them.[3]

 

POTENTIAL FOR GUN CONTROL ACTIVISM

����������� High school students, according to the conventional wisdom, are politically inert and indifferent.But the Hamilton poll found that a significant minority of American high school students, by their own accounts, are potential gun control activists.The Hamilton researchers asked students how likely they would be to participate in various sorts of political activities in support of stricter gun laws if they were asked to do so by a like-minded friend.Their answers suggest considerable depth of conviction on gun issues. They indicate that most students are willing to sign agun control petition, many would participate in a protest march or demonstration, and a few are ready to volunteer several hours a week to strengthen gun laws.

 

����������� Closer analysis of the responses to these questions suggests that one in three high school students has at least some potential for gun control activism; one in six has relatively high potential. The likely activists are characteristically optimistic about the ability of young people to change gun laws by organized efforts. They are also disproportionately female. For example, 18% percent offemales responding, but only seven percent of males, said they would be willing to participate in a protest action.[4]


 

Potential for Gun Control Activism�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������

  Very likely

Very likely or
Somewhat likely [5]

Sign a petition 43% 69%
Attend a meeting������ 19% 42%
Meet with local official 24% 48%
Participate in protest 14% 33%
Volunteer 5 hours 10% 27%

THE GENDER GAP AND OTHER VARIATIONS

����������� The Hamilton Youth and Guns Poll revealed a substantial gender gap in gun attitudes among high school students. Strong majorities of both males and females support key gun control and gun safety proposals.But females are 27 percent more likely than males to favor "stricter"

gun laws in general; 21 percent more likely to support all four basic gun control proposals; 11 percent more likely to support all three gun safety measures; and, judging from their expressed willingness to participate in pro-gun control activities, 22 percent more likely to become activists.[6]

����������� This gender gap is all the more notable because there is otherwise little demographic variation.Factors such as family income, parents' education, and geography -- often powerful influences on opinion -- had only modest (sometimes statistically insignificant) effects on gun attitudes.The Hamilton researchers found that support for gun control is greater among minority students than whites; greater in suburbs and cities than in rural areas; and greater in the East and South than the Midwest andWest.But these differences are minor relative to gender.

 

����������� One non-demographic factor was influential: gun ownership. Respondents who said that they or someone in their household ownedguns were, not surprisingly, less supportive of gun control. But even here, there was strong majority support for specific gun measures.Seventy -seven percent of students from handgun-owning households favored at least three of four basic control measures (vs. 86 percent from non-owning households).[7]

 

Gender Differences

Percent Favoring Proposal
  Males Females
"Stricter gun laws" 52 79
4 control measures 48 69
5-day wait 91 90
Registration 93 99
Background check 90 94
License owners 85 95
Raise purchase age 54 76
 
Ban, except police 28 48
Ban for all 13 9
 
3 Safety measures 31 42
Trigger lock 82 92
Safety course 85 95
Safe storage 72 82
 
"Very Likely" to...    
Join protest 7 18
Volunteer 5 hrs. 4 14

 

Demographic Differences

  Support�"Stricter Gun Laws' Favor 4 Control Measures
Percent Percent
Males 52 48
Females 79 69
     
White 63 57
Black/Hisp 76 66
     
East 79 63
South 66 62
Midwest 60 54
West 60 58
     
Rural 59 49
Suburb 65 58
Urban 70 64
     
Family Income    
High 62 61
Middle 68 62
Low 67 61

�������������������

 

CONDUCTING THE YOUTH AND GUNS POLL

����������� The Hamilton College Youth and Guns Poll is the third in a series of national youth surveys conducted by Hamilton faculty and students. These studies are intended to take advantage of the academic expertise of faculty and the life experience of Hamilton students.Previous Hamilton youth polls have dealt with the plans and life values of graduating high school seniors (1998), and the racial attitudes of young adults (1999).All funding for these surveys has come from Hamilton's Arthur Levitt Public Affairs Center.

 

����������� The Youth and Guns Poll was designed and analyzed by Hamilton Sociology Professor Dennis Gilbert and his students.The study was administered by Zogby International and done in two stages.The first was a 300-call pilot survey, conducted in April 2000.Half of the calls for this stage were made by Hamilton student researchers at Zogby International facilities. On the basis of the results from the pilot study, the questionnaire was rewritten and submitted for comment to researchers at Catholic University, Johns Hopkins, Harvard, and UCLA before being put in final form.[8] This redesigned questionnaire was administered to a national sample of 1,005 high school sophomores, juniors and seniors in calls made from June 2 to 5, by Zogby International.

 

����������� A random sample of 1,000 is accurate within plus or minus 3 percentage points.However, obtaining a random national sample of high school students is especially difficult.Non-sampling problems, such as ambiguities in questionnaire items and less than candid responses, can also affect poll accuracy. The demographics of the second stage datasuggest, however, that a representative national sample was obtained. For the analysis presented here the sample was re-weighted for parents' education, region, sex, race/ethnicity and year in school, though these adjustments had little effect on the results. �����������������������������������������������


 
Analysis | Poll Responses | Contact


HAMILTON YOUTH AND GUNS POLL: RESPONSES TO ALL QUESTIONS (Weighted)*

 

1) YEAR IN SCHOOL

Year in School %
Sophomore 34.1
Junior 33.5
Senior 32.4
TOTAL 100.0

[SKOLYR]

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2) SCHOOL TYPE

School Type %
Public 90.6
Catholic 3.3
Private 6.2
TOTAL 100.0

[SKOL]

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3) SCHOOL SIZE

School Size %
Under 500 21.8
500-1000 28.9
1000-2000 31.8
Over 2000 16.0
Not Sure 1.5
TOTAL 100.0

[SKOLSIZE]

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4) SCHOOL SAFE?�����������

Would you rate your school as very safe, fairly safe, somewhat unsafe, or very unsafe?

SCHOOL SAFE %
Very Safe 44.6
Safe 49.0
Unsafe 5.4
Very Unsafe 1.0
TOTAL 100.0

[SKOLSAFE]�����

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5) PERSONAL SAFETY

Are you ever concerned about personal safety at school, or on the way to and from school?

Personal Safety %
Yes 16.7
No 83.3
TOTAL 100.0

[RSAFE]�������� �����������

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6) CARRY GUN

Has anyone you know ever carried a gun in school or on the way to or from school?

Carry Gun %
Yes 18.4
No 81.6
TOTAL 100.0

[GUNCARRY]

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7) THREATENED OR SHOT

Do you know of anyone in your school who has been threatened with a gun or shot at?

Threatened or Shot %
Yes 31.1
No 67.8
Not Sure 1.1
TOTAL 100.0

[GUNTHRET]

�����������

 

8) SHOT?

Not including military combat, have you or anyone close to you-- such as a friend or relative -- ever been shot by a gun?

SHOT %
Yes 25.7
No 74.3
TOTAL 100.0

[GUNSHOT]������� ������������

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9) GUN DISCUSSION

Within the last year, have you discussed gun controlissues in class, at home or with your friends?

GUN DISCUSSION %
Yes 81.0
No 19.0
TOTAL 100.0

[GUNTALK] ����������� �����������

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10) GUN MEDIA

Have you seen anything about gun control issues in the media?

GUN MEDIA %
Yes 90.9
No 9.1
TOTAL 100.0

[GUNMEDIA]��������� ����������

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11) STRICTER GUN LAWS?

In general, do you feel that laws covering the sale of firearms should be made more strict,less strict or kept as they are now?

STRICTER GUN LAWS %
More Strict 64.6
Less Strict 5.2
Same 28.6
Not sure 1.6
TOTAL 100.0

[GUNLAWS] ����� �����������

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12) COOLING OFF PERIOD

Require a 5-day waiting period between the purchase and delivery of a handgun, to keep the buyer from acting on impulse against himself or others.

COOLING OFF PERIOD %
Approve 88.5
Disapprove 9.6
Not Sure 2.0
TOTAL 100.0��

[LAWCOOL]�����������

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13) REGISTER HANDGUNS

Register all handguns, at the time of purchase, so that they could be traced by the police when necessary for criminal investigations.

REGISTER HANDGUNS %
Approve 96.0
Disapprove 4.0
TOTAL 100.0

[LAWREG]���������

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14) BACKGROUND CHECK

Require all handgun buyers to pass a criminal background check, whether they are buying the gun from a gun dealer or a private individual; at a store or gun show?

BACKGROUND CHECK %
Approve 92.1
Disapprove 7.9
TOTAL 100.0

[LAWCHECK]

 

 

15) LICENSE
Require handgun buyers to obtain a gun owner's license before purchasing a handgun.

LICENSE %
Approve 90.3
Disapprove 9.7
TOTAL 100.0

[LAWLIC]����������



16) RAISE AGE

Raise the age at which someone can purchase a handgun from 18 to 21.

RAISE AGE %
Approve 64.4
Disapprove 34.0
Not Sure 1.6
TOTAL 100.0

[LAWAGE]�� ���������

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17) BAN CIVILIANPOSSESSION

Ban the possession of handguns except by the police and other authorized personnel.

BAN CIVILIANPOSSESSION %
Approve 37.6
Disapprove 59.9
Not Sure 2.4
TOTAL 100.0

[LAWBAN]���� ����������

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18) BAN ALL POSSESSION

Ban the possession of handguns by all persons, even the police.

BAN ALL POSSESSION %
Approve 11.1
Disapprove 87.4
Not Sure 1.5
TOTAL 100.0

[LAWBANS] ������ ���������

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19) TRIGGER LOCK

Require all guns sold in the US to have a trigger lock, a device that prevents a gun from being fired until the device is unlocked and removed.

TRIGGER LOCK %
Approve 86.7
Disapprove 13.3
TOTAL 100.0��

[SAFETRIG]�����

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20) SAFETY COURSE

Require anyone who wants to buy a gun to first pass a gun safety course.

SAFETY COURSE %
Approve 88.6
Disapprove 10.1
Not Sure 1.3
TOTAL 100.0

[SAFECOUR] ����� ����������

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21) CHILDREN AND SAFE STORAGE

Hold adults criminally responsible if they fail to store a gun safely and a child harms himself or someone else with that gun.

CHILDREN AND SAFE STORAGE %
Approve 77.6
Disapprove 22.4
TOTAL 100.0

[SAFESTOR] ������������

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22) LAW-ABIDING CITIZEN

The government should do everything it can to keep handguns out of the hands of criminals, even if it means that it will be harder for law-abiding citizens to purchase handguns.

LAW-ABIDING CITIZEN %
Strong Agree 42.4
Agree 40.3
Disagree 11.3
Strong Disagree 4.7
Not Sure 1.2
TOTAL 100.0

[LAWABIDE]�����

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23) CONSTITUTION

In your opinion, does the US Constitution guarantee individual citizens the right to own firearms?

CONSTITUTION %
Yes 80.6
No 13.2
Not Sure 6.1
TOTAL 100.0

[CONSTIT]���� ���������

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24) REGULATION ANDCONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS

Do you believe that laws regulating the sale and use of handguns violate the constitutional rights of gun owners?(Not asked of respondents who answered No on #23).

REGULATION ANDCONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS %
Yes 30.0
No 63.7
Not Sure 6.3
TOTAL 100.0

[CONLAW]���� ���������

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Questions 25 to 30 measure potential forgun-control activism.They were not asked of a small group of respondents (about 8 percent of the sample)who responses to items 11 (less or same) and/or 15 (disapprove) revealed that they were generally opposed to control measures.

 

 

 

 

25) ACTIVISM: PETITION

Suppose a friend who thinks like you do about these issues asked you to sign a petition calling for stronger gun control laws. On a scale from 1 to 5, with 1 being very Unlikely and 5 being very likely, how likely is it that you would sign the petition

ACTIVISM: PETITION %
Very Unlikely (5) 9.4
(4) 4.9
(3) 16.7
(2) 26.0
Very likely (1) 43.1
100.0 TOTAL

[PETITION]

������������

26) ACTIVISM: MEETING

Attend a meeting of a group that promotes stricter gun control.

ACTIVISM: MEETING %
Very unlikely (5) 15.9
(4) 13.1
(3) 29.1
(2) 23.0
Very likely (1) 18.9
TOTAL 100.0

[MEETING] ������

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27) ACTIVISM: OFFICIAL

Attend a meeting of students with a local official to urge passage of stricter gun laws.

ACTIVISM: OFFICIAL %
Very unlikely (5) 13.2
(4) 13.5
(3) 25.5
(2) 24.3
Very likely (1) 23.5
TOTAL 100.0

[OFFICIAL]

�������������

 

28) ACTIVISM: MARCH

Participate in a demonstration or protest march for stronger gun control.

ACTIVISM: MARCH %
Very unlikely (5) 25.9
(4) 18.7
(3) 22.0
(2) 19.8
Very likely (1) 13.6
TOTAL 100.0

[MARCH]�������

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29) ACTIVISM: VOLUNTEER 5 HOURS

Volunteer 5 hours a week for a gun control group.

ACTIVISM: VOLUNTEER
5 HOURS
%
Very Unlikely (5) 30.9
(4) 19.3
(3) 22.9
(2) 17.1
Very likely (1) 9.8
TOTAL 100.0

[FIVE HRS] ������ ��

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30) ACTIVISM: YOUTH INFLUENCE

On the same 1-to-5 scale, how likely do you think it is that organized efforts by young people could influence gun laws?

ACTIVISM:
YOUTH INFLUENCE
%
Very unlikely (5) 6.7
(4) 9.6
(3) 27.3
(3) 33.2
Very likely (1) 21.9
Not sure 1.3
TOTAL 100.0

[YOUNG]���� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������

 

31) POPULATION

Which best describes the place you live? Rural Area; Suburb; Town or City under 100k; Medium-sized City, between 100k & 500k; Large City over 500k.

POPULATION %
Rural area 26.9
Suburb 23.4
Town<100k 23.2
City100-500k 16.7
City500k+ 8.0
Not Sure 1.8
TOTAL 100.0

[PLACE]

������������� �������������

32) NEIGHBORHOOD INCOMES

Compared to other Americans, would you say that the families in your neighborhood have incomesin thetop third, in the middle third, or in the lower third?

NEIGHBORHOOD INCOMES %
Top1/3 18.7
Middle1/3 68.2
Lower1/3 8.7
Not Sure 4.4
TOTAL 100.0

[PLACE$$$]
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33) NEIGHBORHOOD GUN PURCHASE

Would it be easy for a person your age, living in your neighborhood to obtain a handgun?

NEIGHBORHOOD GUN PURCHASE %
Yes 44.5
No 49.1
Not Sure 6.4
TOTAL 100.0

[GETGUN]��

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34) NEIGHBORHOOD GUN VIOLENCE

To your knowledge, has anyone ever been killed or seriously injured by a gunshot in your neighborhood?

NEIGHBORHOOD GUN VIOLENCE %
Yes 26.8
No 73.2
TOTAL 100.0

[GUNKILL] �����������

����������� ��������������

 

35) WHEN GUN VIOLENCE?

How recently did this happen?�� Stop me when I get to the right time period.Within the last week, within . .. (Asked only of respondents who answered Yes to #34)

WHEN GUN VIOLENCE? %
Last week 8.3
Last mo. 6.9
Last 6mo. 19.0
Last Yr. 23.0
Over Yr. 42.8
TOTAL 100.0

[WHENKILL]

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36) SEX

SEX %
Male 48.2
Female 51.8
TOTAL 100.0

[SEX]�������

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37) RACE/ ETHNICITY

Which category best describes your ethnic or racial background?White, Black or African American, Hispanic, Asian, Other or Mixed.

RACE/ ETHNICITY %
White 72.6
Black 11.0
Hispanic 8.6
Asian 3.6
Other/ Mixed 4.3
TOTAL 100.0

[RACEETH]

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38) PARENTS

Do you live with both parents, your mother only, your mother and stepfather, your father only,or your father and stepmother,neither parent, or shared time with both.

PARENTS %
2 PARENTS 73.1
MOTHER 13.1
MA&STEP 5.1
FATHER 2.8
PA&STEP 1.6
NEITHER 3.0
SHARED 1.4
TOTAL 100.0

[2PARENTS & PARENTS]

����������� ��������������

 

39) FAMILY INCOME

If you had to make a rough guess, what will your family's income be this year?

FAMILY INCOME %
Below$50K 21.7
About$50K 33.8
Above$50K 33.5
Not Sure 11.0
TOTAL 100.0

[FAM$$]���������

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40) FATHER�S EDUCATION

How much education did your father complete? Did not complete high school, High School, Some College, College graduate, Post graduate education.

FATHER�S EDUCATION %
NOT HS 13.7
HS 31.7
SOME COL 17.6
COL 24.1
GRAD ED 11.1
NOT SURE 2.5
TOTAL 100.0

[PAED] ���

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41) MOTHER�S EDUCATION

How much education did your mother complete?

MOTHER�S EDUCATION %
NOT HS 11.8
HS 31.3
SOME COL 18.1
COL 28.4
GRAD ED 8.9
NOT SURE 1.5
TOTAL 100.0

[MAED]

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42) LONG GUNS

Do you or anyone else in your household own a rifle or shotgun?

LONG GUNS %
Yes 44.5
No 55.5
TOTAL 100.0

[LONGUN]

 

 

43) HANDGUN

Do you or anyone else in your household own a handgun?

HANDGUN %
Yes 24.8
No 75.2
TOTAL 100.0

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44) NRA

Do you or anyone in your household belong to the NRA-- the National Rifle Association?

NRA %
Yes 12.6
No 83.6
Not Sure 3.8
TOTAL 100.0

[NRA] ��� ��

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45) POLITICALPARTY

Do you consider yourself a Democrat, Republican or neither?

POLITICALPARTY %
Democrat 23.9
Republican 19.0
Neither 49.5
Not Sure 7.7
TOTAL 100.0

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46) RELIGION

Do you consider yourself Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion or no religion at all?

RELIGION %
Protestant 17.6
Catholic 29.6
Jewish 1.8
Some other 32.7
None 17.2
Not Sure 1.2
TOTAL 100.0

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47) BORN AGAIN

Would you describe yourself as an evangelical or born again Christian? [Not asked of respondents who replied Jewish or none on previous question]

BORN AGAIN %
Yes 50.7
No 38.6
Not Sure 10.9
TOTAL 100.0

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48) VIDEO GAMES

In the past week, have you played any first person action games, such as Half-Life, Bond or Quake, where the objective is to kill your opponent?

VIDEO GAMES %
Yes 25.1
No 74.9
TOTAL 100.0

[GAMES] �������������

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49) GRADES

What have your grades been during the current school year? Stop me when I get to the right level

GRADES %
Mostly A's 26.7
A's & B's 33.0
Mostly B's 12.3
B's & C's 17.2
Mostly C's 4.3
C's & D's 5.2
D's & F's 1.1
TOTAL 100.0

[GRADES]

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50) STUDY PLANS

How much schooling do you expect to complete? May not finish HS,HS, Some College, College graduate, Post graduate education

STUDY PLANS %
Not HS 1.3
HS 6.6
Some col 7.6
Col grad 62.1
Post grad 22.4
TOTAL 100.0

[SKOLPLAN]

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51) REGION

REGION %
East 20.9
South 27.9
Midwest 30.2
West 20.9
TOTAL 100.0

[REGION]

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Analysis | Poll Responses | Contact


For more information contact Dennis Gilbert via email at dgilbert@hamilton.edu or at 202-244-5654.
______

*NOTES: Results are weighted for parents� education, for region, race/ethnicity, and year in school.�Not sure� responses (always volunteered) and refusals were excluded fromtabulations unless they exceed 1 percent of sample.


 



[1]���������� These polls were conducted in April 2000 (CNN), May 2000 (ABC/Post), and Sept-Dec. 1999 (NORC).(The NORC �National Gun Policy Survey� was done in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins University Center for Gun Policy and Research).Comparisons were also made with polls conducted by Gallup in May 2000 and CBS in August 1999. There was some variation in the language used by different polling organizations.��

[2]The comparison is with the 1999 CBS poll, which used slightly different language. CBS referred to the "second amendment to the Constitution," while Hamilton simply asked about �the Constitution.�

[3]Here the comparison involves identical language used in the 1999 NORC survey and the Hamilton poll.

[4]These figures and those in the table that follows are based on responses from 92 percent of the sample.The activism items were not asked of the 8 percent whose previous answers indicated they are generally opposed to gun control. A separate set of activism questions were put to this anti-control minority in the pilot survey discussed below, but dropped from the final poll because small numbers made statistical significance problematic.

[5]Proportion of responses of 4 or 5 on five-point scale, with 5 defined as "very likely" and 1 as "very unlikely."

[6]These potential gun control activists gave an average response of 4 or above on a 5-point scale to items about willingness to sign a gun control position, participate in a protest march, etc.See section on activism above.

[7]Support for all four measures was 44 vs. 63 percent.

[8]The Hamilton researchers are grateful for comments received from Judy Bonderman, Tracy Merrill, Stephen Teret, David Hemenway, and Susan Sorenson.