The American Academy of Diplomacy is a non-profit, limited membership society of 100 men and women, now retired from government service. Members have held senior positions in the conduct of American foreign policy, whether as career or political appointees, and include all living former secretaries of state. The Academy is dedicated to fostering the highest standards in the conduct of diplomacy, particularly those nominated by the president as ambassadors.
The Sol M. Linowitz Visiting Professor of International Affairs was established in 1986. It is named in honor of a 1935 Hamilton graduate who served as ambassador to the Organization of American States, chairman of the board of Xerox and co-negotiator of the Panama Canal treaties. He was President Jimmy Carter's representative in the Middle East negotiations from 1979 to 1981.
Ambassador Laingen is a Minnesotan who served in the U.S. Navy in World War II and in the Foreign Service from 1949-87, including tours in Germany, Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. After serving as deputy assistant secretary for European affairs, he was ambassador to Malta from 1977 to 1979. Later that year he returned to Iran for a second tour, as charge d'affaires of the Embassy, before being taken hostage in the Iran hostage crisis.
Following his release he served as vice president of the National Defense University in Washington, D.C., until his retirement from the service in 1987. He was executive director of the National Commission on the Public Service (the Volcker Commission) from 1987 until it completed its work in 1990.
Ambassador Laingen serves as chairman of the board of "A Presidential Classroom for Young Americans." He is a board member of the Mercersburg Academy in Pennsylvania, No Greater Love, and the National
Defense University Foundation. He has also been a member of the National Commission on the State and Local Public Service.
Among his awards and citations, Ambassador Laingen holds the Award for Valor from the Department of State, the Distinguished Public Service medal from the Department of Defense, the Distinguished Alumnus
Award from St. Olaf College, the Golden Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement, and a Presidential Meritorious Award.
He is a cum laude graduate of St. Olaf College, and the National War College, and earned a master's degree in international affairs from the University of Minnesota. Ambassador Laingen has honorary degrees from Columbia College in Missouri, Hahneman University in Philadelphia, the Western University of Health Services in Los Angeles and the University of Dubuque in Iowa.
He is the author of Yellow Ribbon; the Secret Journal of Bruce Laingen (1992).
Previous Linowitz professors have included Samuel Lewis, former U.S. ambassador to Israel; Roy Atherton, former U.S. ambassador to Egypt; Richard N. Haass, director of National Security Programs and senior fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations; Stephen Bosworth, president of the U.S. -Japan Foundation and former U.S. ambassador to the Philippines; Harry G. Barnes, Jr., U.S. former ambassador to Chile, India and Romania; and Gideon Rafael, former Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom and Belgium, and permanent representative to the United Nations.
Ambassador Linowitz is a former senior partner in the international law firm of Coudert Brothers and the author of The Betrayed Profession, a critical look at the legal profession. He currently serves as honorary chairman of the Academy for Educational Development.
Hamilton College is an independent, highly selective, liberal arts college that was founded in 1812. It is named for Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of the treasury and features a strong curriculum in the humanities, the arts, the sciences and the social sciences.