Comparative Literature

NOTE: The requirements for the concentrations and minors in comparative literature outlined in this section pertain to students in the classes of 2016 and 2017. Beginning with the Class of 2018, students pursuing the study of comparative literature and/or English and creative writing will take courses through the Literature and Creative Writing Department. See that department for more information. For more information about comparative literature contact Nancy Rabinowitz at nrabinow@hamilton.edu.

A concentration in comparative literature consists of nine courses, including five designated as comparative literature, two in a national literature in the original language (e.g., Chinese, Russian, Greek) and two in either a second national literature in the original language or in linguistics or in a related art (music, dance, visual arts, or film and media studies) selected in consultation with a departmental advisor. Students pursuing the linguistics or related arts option must complete study in a foreign language to the 140 level or equivalent. All concentrators are required to take 211 or 212, and 297, and all senior concentrators will take part in a Senior Program in which 500 (Senior Seminar) is required and 550 (Senior Project) is recommended. A complete description of the Senior Program is available from the department chair. Only one 100-level course may be counted toward the concentration. It is to the student’s advantage to begin foreign language study early; those planning graduate work in literature are urged to take two additional courses in a national literature and to study two foreign languages.

Honors in comparative literature will be awarded on the basis of a cumulative record of 3.5 (90) or above in all courses counting toward the major, as well as distinguished performance in 550.

A minor consists of five courses, including either 211, 212 or 297; two other courses designated as comparative literature; and two other courses in comparative, English or foreign literature, or linguistics. Only two 100-level courses may be counted toward the minor.

Many courses at the 200-level are open to seniors without prerequisites. For details, see the specific descriptions below.

[120S] Introduction to the History and Theory of Film.
A general introduction to the wide world of cinema and cinema studies, focusing on crucial films from many cinematic traditions. Topics include the evolution of film from earlier forms of motion picture, the articulation and exploitation of a narrative language for cinema, the development of typical commercial genres, and the appearance of a variety of forms of critical cinema. Focuses on basic film terminology, with the cinematic apparatus and ongoing theoretical conversation about cinema and its audience. (Same as Cinema and Media Studies 120 and Art History 120.)

[142F] Twentieth-Century Fiction.
Organized chronologically for the most part, and involving such issues as sexuality, colonialism and racism. Readings drawn from high art, not popular culture, and include such authors as Conrad, Kafka, Puig, Woolf, Duras and Valenzuela. (Writing-intensive.) (Proseminar.) Open to first-year students only. Maximum enrollment, 16.

[143] Literature on Trials.
Why are trials so fascinating? Our emphasis will be on the ways they clarify values, establishing borders between acceptable and unacceptable behavior, with attention to how they enforce cultural norms concerning race, gender, and sexuality. We will discuss literary and cultural representations of historical trials, such as those of Socrates, Joan of Arc, Galileo, the Salem Witches, and Oscar Wilde. Course materials to include readings from Aeschylus, Plato, Shaw, Brecht, Stendhal, Kafka, Camus, Morrison, as well as films and other primary and secondary sources. (Writing-intensive.) (Proseminar.) (Theme or Identity and Difference) Open to first-year students only. Maximum enrollment, 16.

146S Lost Civilizations: Latin America & its Literary Imagination.
In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue… to unfamiliar lands that were shocking, provocative and elusive. This course examines the ‘discovery’ of America, transcultural encounters, and the myths of/from America (paradise, utopia & lost cities of gold) in literature. Readings span from Mesoamerican stories (Aztec, Maya, Inca), New World voices (Inca Garcilaso, Guamán Poma) to modern Latin American writers & artists (Borges, Saer, Carpentier, Cortázar, Lam, Kahlo, Varos & others). (Writing-intensive.) Not open to students who have taken 100-level Comparative Literarure, Literature or English courses. (History, Identity and Difference). Maximum enrollment, 20. N Serrano.

[152F] Literature and Ethics.
Study of literature as a vehicle for moral and political concerns and of the ways that literature shapes its readers. Special emphasis on popular literature, feminist criticism and the problems raised by censorship and pornography. Selected novels and plays by such writers as Ibsen, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Hemingway, Wright, Highsmith, Doris Lessing, Burgess and others. (Writing-intensive.) (Proseminar.) (Theme) Open to first-year students only. Maximum enrollment, 16.

[202] African Americans and Cinema.
Exploration of the history of cinema produced by African Americans and the representation of African Americans in cinema. Topics include early cinema, D.W. Griffith’s Birth of a Nation; Oscar Micheaux and the “race films” of the 1920s-1940s; early jazz films; Richard Wright’s Native Son as novel and film; Hollywood “problem pictures” of the 1940s-1950s; radical 1960s-1970s experiments by William Greaves, Melvin Van Peebles, and the “LA Rebellion”; Daughters of the Dust; Spike Lee, and Marlon Riggs. Course hosts visits by accomplished filmmakers and scholars. (Same as Africana Studies 202 and Art History 202.)

160F Modern China Through Film.
Examines how films produced in diverse socio-economic contexts generate conflicting modern representations of China, ranging from a legendary land, a rapidly changing society, to an everlasting patriarchy, and how these representations produce hegemonic and subversive cultural knowledge. Students will gain broad understanding of Chinese cinema and history, theory of film and cultural studies, and pertinent Hollywood films. All films have English subtitles. Requirements include film viewings, presentations, quizzes, class discussions and a final paper. All lectures and discussions in English. (Oral Presentations.) All lectures and discussions in English. (Same as East Asian Languages and Literatures 160.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Wang.

[210S] Modern and Contemporary Chinese Literature: Traditions and Modernities.
Since 1919, Chinese literature has played a decisive role in interactions between tradition and modernity. This course examines the development of Chinese literature against such interactions. Students will familiarize themselves with the most representative modern and contemporary Chinese literary works and gain a broad understanding of many modernity-related issues, including politics, culture, class, labor division, ethnicity, gender and sexuality. All lectures and discussions in English. Requirements: presentations, class discussions, film viewings and a final paper. (Same as East Asian Languages and Literatures 210.)

211F Readings in World Literature I.
Great ‘masterpieces’ have been inscribed on cave walls, papyrus, tapestries, parchment (goatskin), and paper in order to comment upon the world. This course examines the human condition through a comparative study of mythology, epic, narrative, and poetry, from ancient Mesopotamia and Greece to the Roman Empire through to the Renaissance period. It pays special attention to how sexuality, identity, and politics play in the representation of diverse societies in Innana, The Odyssey, The Golden Ass, El Cid, Les Lais, 1001 Nights, The Pillow Book, Veronica Franco’s poetry, and others. (Writing-intensive.) (History) Maximum enrollment, 20. N Serrano.

212S Readings in World Literature II.
Study of representative texts in world literature from 1800 to the present, including novels, short fiction, and drama. Particular attention paid to the concepts of class, self and society, and they way they are intertwined with forms of narrative and drama. Readings to include works by such writers as Goethe, Balzac, Austen, Chekhov, Kafka, Hagedorn, Roy. (Writing-intensive.) (History) May be taken without 211. Maximum enrollment, 20. N Rabinowitz.

219S Checkmate!: Play, Games & Cultural Exchanges in the Mediterranean Basin.
Lewis Carroll mixes fantasy with logic when he confronts Alice in Wonderland with a "great huge game of chess that's being played—all over the world.” But chess originated in Eastern India, entered Muslim culture in 7th century, and then traveled across the Mediterranean into medieval Spain and Sicily. This course examines symbolic constructions of cosmopolitan ‘play’ through the waning middle ages, and how games challenge the literary representation of diverse communities in the Mediterranean basin. Readings include medieval Arabic, Hebrew, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and French works. Prerequisite, One course in literature. (Intermedia or History). Open to sophomores, juniors, seniors, or consent of instructor.. N Serrano.

220S Visual Narratives: Images With(In) Books.
How do you read images with(in) books? Can images persuade, seduce, or even lead the narrative astray? Drawing from the works on text and image from Visual Culture scholars, this interdisciplinary course focuses on visual textuality—the ‘book’ as a visible object of cultural consumption and production in the West and Mediterranean. Students will undertake the task of understanding and analyzing this multifaceted art form by examining illuminated manuscripts, illustrated texts, and graphic narratives (Duc de Berry, Goya, Max Ernst, Edward Gorey, Orhan Pamuk, and David Mazzucchelli). (Intermedia, history) (Same as Art History 220). (Same as Art History 220.) N Serrano.

225F Madness, Murder and Mayhem: Nineteenth-Century Russian Literature.
Readings of representative works with emphasis on major literary movements, cultural history, and basic literary devices. Primary texts by Pushkin, Gogol, Turgenev, Dostoevsky and Tolstoy, as well as some critical materials. (Writing-intensive.) No knowledge of Russian required. (Same as Russian Studies 225.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Bartle.

226S Sex, Death and Revolution: Twentieth-Century Russian Art and Literature.
Close analysis of major literary and artistic movements of the 20th century, with particular attention paid to the innovations of the avant-garde and the impact of the Bolshevik Revolution on the artistic imagination. Emphasis on the recurring theme of the fate of the individual in a mass society. No knowledge of Russian required. (Same as Russian Studies 226.) Sciacca.

[235] Love, Family and Loneliness in Modern Japanese Literature.
Love has always been a central theme in Japanese literature. Focuses on how Japanese writers of the modern period (particularly late 19th century to the present) depict the struggle with new concepts and forms of "love" and relationships. As well as basic readings about modern Japanese history and culture, assigned texts range from canonical work, various forms of early twentieth-century modernist mystery, technical and avant-garde writings, to contemporary "coming of age" novels. We will also examine such media as cartoons and films. Readings and discussion in English. (Same as East Asian Languages and Literatures 235.)

239/339F Modern Japan: Japanese Culture and Society From A(-Bomb) to (Dragon Ball)Z.
This course explores issues of imperialism, military conflict, pacifism, nuclear victimhood, foreign occupation, national identity, and social responsibility in 19th to 21st-century Japan. Materials include nonfiction, science fiction, poetry, war propaganda, novels, censorship documents, animé, and film. Taught in English. No knowledge of Japanese language or history required. (Same as East Asian Languages and Literatures 239/339.) Omori.

244F Tragedy: Then and Now.
How did Greek tragedy work in the city of Athens? Athens was a radical democracy but was based on slave labor and the exclusion of women. How is this implied contradiction displayed in the works of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides? But tragedy also has contemporary life. How do these plays transcend their time of production? An opportunity to examine relations of gods/humans, fate/choice, as well as gender, class/ethnicity and sexuality. Readings to include works by Seneca, Racine, Sartre, O’Neill, Heaney, Fugard. (Genre) (Same as Theatre 244 and Classics 244.) N Rabinowitz.

[251] “Modern” Youth in Japanese Literature and Culture.
Examines stories and other forms of cultural expression related to the emergence of “modern” youth in Japan. We pay particular attention to the cultural, historical and political backgrounds that facilitated the establishment of such a category. Primarily focusing on literature, readings also include other modern expressive media such as film, cartoons, animation and online bulletin boards. We will also examine the production and dissemination of certain images of “youth” by mass media. Readings and discussion in English. (Same as East Asian Languages and Literatures 251.)

[258/358S] Opera.
Study of literary and musical dimensions of operas by major composers from Monteverdi and Mozart to the present. Emphasis on the transformation of independent texts into librettos and the effects of music as it reflects language and dramatic action. Includes such works as Orfeo, The Marriage of Figaro, Otello, The Turn of the Screw and Candide. Prerequisite, two courses in music or two in literature, or one in each field, or consent of instructors. Music 358 has an additional independent project. (Same as Music 258/358 and Literature and Creative Writing 258/358 and Literature and Creative Writing 258/358.) Maximum enrollment, 24.

[270] Heaven, Hell and the Space in Between: Devils and Deities in Russian Literature and Art.
Examination of the portrayals of the cosmic conflict: Good vs. Evil, Heaven vs. Hell, God vs. Satan. The second half of the semester will be dedicated to a close reading and analysis of Fyodor Dostoevsky's Brothers Karamazov. (Writing-intensive.) No knowledge of Russian required. (Same as Russian Studies 270.) Maximum enrollment, 20.

[278] The Straight Story?: Rethinking the Romance.
A study of the ways in which various forms of sexual desire (overt or closeted) drive the plot of literary works. How is desire constructed? How have authors used, manipulated and resisted the marriage plot for aesthetic and political ends? Special attention to works by gay and lesbian authors. Readings, which include works of theory as well as imaginative texts, to include such authors as Austen, Diderot, Balzac, Zola, Wilde, Baldwin. (Theme or Identity and Difference) (Same as Women's Studies 278.)

[285] Detective Story, Tradition and Experiment.
Survey of a broad range of works, both “popular” and “serious,” showing the continual renewal of the genre through the manipulation of conventional elements to produce new effects and to argue a variety of positions. Includes readings from Sophocles, Dostoevsky, Christie, Faulkner, Hammett, Chandler, Nabokov, Robbe-Grillet, Borges, Butor, Stoppard, Cortázar and others. Prerequisite, one course in literature. (Genre) (Same as Literature and Creative Writing 285.)

288F Show and Tell: Comics and Graphic Narratives.
In Reading Comics, Douglas Wolk states “The cheap way of referring to them is “comics” or “comic books”; the fancy way is “graphic novels”. Erasing these common prejudices, this class reinforces that comics is a sophisticated and complex medium that bears close affinities with art, film, and literature. This is an introductory study of comics across cultures and within global contexts—Tintin, Astro Boy, Wonder Woman, Watchmen and others—one that emphasizes visual narrative storytelling as well as the socio-political and visual trends that have shaped the powerful creative industry of comics. (Theory or Intermedia) (Same as Art History 288.) N Serrano.

290F Facing Reality: A History of Documentary Cinema.
The history of cinema as representation and interpretation of "reality," focusing on nonfiction film and video from a variety of periods and geographic locales. Emphasis on the ways in which nonfiction films can subvert viewers' conventional expectations and their personal security. Forms to be discussed include the city symphony, ethnographic documentary, propaganda, nature film, direct cinema, cinéma vérité, the compilation film and personal documentary. (Same as Art History 290 and Cinema and Media Studies 290.) MacDonald.

[296/396] Keeping it Real: Nineteenth-Century Realism.
Realism emerged as a dominant literary form in the nineteenth century in the context of extensive social changes. In this course we will read representative works of realist fiction and drama to determine their aesthetic, political, psychological, and formal assumptions and effects. We will end with a consideration of the “new” realism of the early 20th-century modernist period. Readings to include works by such authors as Balzac, Zola, Flaubert, Dickens, C. Bronte, Chekhov, Dostoyevsky, Tolstoy, Ibsen, Woolf. Prerequisite, one course in comparative literature or consent of instructor.

297S Introduction to Literary Theory.
Exploration of the kinds of questions that can be asked about literary texts in themselves, and in relation to the aesthetic, political, historical and personal contexts in which they are written and interpreted. Readings include drama, fiction and theoretical essays. Although the emphasis will be on 20th-century theory (including feminist, structuralist, poststructuralist and rhetorical theory), readings will range from Aristotle to the newest work on the relationship between narrative and cognitive psychology. Prerequisite, two courses in literature. (Theory). Open to sophomores, juniors and seniors only. (Same as Literature and Creative Writing 297.) P Rabinowitz.

[301F] Cinema as Theory and Critique.
A history of alternatives to commercial movies, focusing on surrealist and dadaist film, visual music, psychodrama, direct cinema, the film society movement, personal cinema, the New American Cinema, structuralism, Queer cinema, feminist cinema, minor cinema, recycled cinema and devotional cinema. While conventional entertainment films use the novel, the short story and the stage drama as their primary instigations, experimental and avant-garde films are analogous to music, poetry, painting, sculpture and collage. Not open to first-year students. (Same as Art History 301 and Cinema and Media Studies 301.)

319F,S Text/Image: Film and Literature.
Focus on the ways in which the histories of film and literature have intersected. Discussion of implications of adapting narrative and dramatic fiction to the screen. Also evokes the history of the use of visual text in film — in titles, intertitles, subtitles, credits — as a background for exploration of the wide range of creative uses of visual text evident in the work of independent filmmakers. Filmmaker guests will be invited to talk about their work. Prerequisite, one course in literature or film. (Same as Art History 319.) .

[346F] The Comedy of Terrors.
Analysis of 19th- and 20th-century works in which stark visions of the human condition are paradoxically presented in comic terms. Emphasis on the techniques by which the apparently contradictory tendencies of humor and terror are fused, as well as the reasons (psychological, philosophical, political and aesthetic) why writers, film-makers and composers have been attracted to this device. Readings by such writers as Gogol, Dostoevsky, Kafka, Nabokov, Ionesco and Burgess; study, as well, of such films as Pulp Fiction and Fargo and such operas as Strauss' Salome. Prerequisite, two courses in literature or consent of instructor. (Genre or Theme)

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[349S] The Garden in the Machine: Depicting Place in Modern American Cinema.
An exploration of the many ways filmmakers and video-makers have explored and depicted the American landscape and cityscape. Extensive screenings of accomplished films and videos, contextualized by discussions of painting and photography; by readings of novels, stories, poems by Henry David Thoreau, Mary Austin, William Faulkner and others; by place-oriented films from other cultures; and by visiting filmmakers.

356S Introduction to Japanese Film.
Traces the history of one of the world’s most innovative film industries. Since the early 20th century, Japanese film makers have experimented with and improved upon cinema; their work has been influential not only in Japan but throughout the world. From the drama of early silent movies to anime, we’ll cover some of the “greatest hits” of Japanese film, whether widely popular or critically acclaimed. This exploration of cinema in Japan will offer both a new perspective on cinema itself as well as an opportunity to view the genre’s development in a specific cultural context. (Oral Presentations.) Prerequisite, Cinema and New Media Studies 120, Comparative Literature 120, Art History 120, any 100-level course in Asian studies or Japanese, or consent of the instructor. No prior knowledge of Japanese history, language or film required. (Same as East Asian Languages and Literatures 356.) Omori.

360S Proust.
Marcel Proust’s "In Search of Lost Time" is often cited as the greatest Western novel, but because of its length—over 4000 pages in the standard English translation—it is seldom read. This course offers a rare chance to study the novel in its entirety, with particular attention to Proust’s understanding of time, his revolutionary views on sexuality, his narrative technique, and his ideas about the relationship between literature and the other arts. Prerequisite, consent of instructor. (Single-Author) Maximum enrollment, 12. P Rabinowitz.

[365S] Major Figures in Cinema.
Focus on crucial contributors to the wide world of cinema. The work of one, two, or three particular filmmakers, each from a different sector of the geography of cinema, will be examined in detail. Possible filmmakers include Alfred Hitchcock, James Benning, Ross McElwee, Stan Brakhage, Fritz Lang, the Coen brothers. Prerequisite, ARTH/CNMS/CPLIT 120; or ARTH/CNMS/CPLIT 290; or ARTH/CNMS/CPLIT 301; or permission of the instructor. (Same as Art History 365 and Cinema and Media Studies 365.)

391S Queer/Feminist Literary Theory.
Contemporary feminist and queer theories have a close connection to literature; they emerged from and later transformed literary studies. We will discuss selected theoretical writing, as well as creative texts from the late nineteenth century to the late twentieth century: fiction, plays, and films. Conversations will center around questions of identity and performativity, and the intersections of gender, sexuality, race and class. Readings to be drawn from the following: Oscar Wilde, Radclyffe Hall, James Baldwin, Audre Lorde, E. M. Forster, Virginia Woolf, Tony Kushner, Cherrie Moraga. Prerequisite, At least one course in Literature and/or Women's Studies, or consent of instructor. (Theory or Identity and Difference) (Same as Cp Lit 391 and Women's Studies 391) (Same as Women's Studies 391.) N Rabinowitz.

500F Senior Seminar.
Topic: Great Novels and Beach Reading. Despite a variety of compelling attacks on the canon, many of us still have a sense that some novels are better than others—even though we’d be hard pressed to explain why. By placing certified classics against works with lesser reputations, this course will consider the question of literary quality—is it in the reader, in the text, in the culture, elsewhere, or nowhere? Readings to include novels by such writers as Chabon, Kafka, Harold Robbins, Southworth, Faulkner, and Margaret Mitchell, as well as selected essays in narrative theory. Prerequisite, Three courses in literature. Priority given to senior concentrators. Maximum enrollment, 12. Rabinowitz, Peter.

(from the Hamilton Course Catalogue)