The department offers concentrations in government, world politics and public policy as follows:

A concentration in government consists of 10 courses: 116, 117 and either 112 or 114, with at least one of these being writing-intensive, and seven additional courses at the 200 level or above. Of these seven courses, at least two must be in international relations or comparative politics, at least two must be in American politics or political theory, at least two must be at the 300 level, and one must be the Senior Project (550). A minor in government consists of five courses, with at least two of these at the 200 level or above.

Honors in government or world politics requires a GPA of 3.6 in the major by the end of the sixth semester, maintaining that average at graduation, and the successful completion of 549 and 551.

The world politics major involves the study of politics on a global scale, including both international relations and politics within nations. In order to understand the complex interplay of international and national politics, all world politics majors study the philosophical and moral bases of various political systems; the history of the modern international system; the political economy of global power and wealth; and the key issues for U.S. foreign policy. To achieve this understanding, all world politics majors are required to take a total of 11 courses, including the following core courses: 112, 114, 117 (one of which must be writing-intensive); 290 and 291; and 550. Students complete the major by focusing either on a particular region of the world (Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East, Russia and Eastern Europe, Western Europe) or a thematic topic (poverty and inequality in world politics, democratization, international law and organization, international security, politics of the global economy, nationalism and identity in global politics). In consultation with their advisor, students will select five related courses in their area or theme from a variety of departments. One of these must be at the 300 level in government. For students focusing on a region of the world, one of the five courses must be in an appropriate language at the fourth-semester level or above. Students may also design their own thematic track with the advice and consent of their advisor. The advisor will approve each student’s course list after the major is declared.

See the public policy section in this catalogue.

The Term in Washington Program, offered each semester, combines regular academic study with the experience and understanding gained by working in congressional and executive offices. Four credits are awarded toward graduation, two of which (325 and 327) count toward a concentration in government, and up to two may be counted toward a concentration in world politics or public policy. It is useful to have some background in the operations of the American federal government, so Government 116 (American Political Process) or its equivalent is strongly advised, but the program has no fixed prerequisite and is open to students majoring in any concentration offered by the College. It is also open to selected students from other colleges.

201S Introduction to Feminist Thought.
An interdisciplinary examination of the history and contemporary practice of feminist thought. Topics include the history of feminist thought in Western culture, the broadening and complication of that canon to include examinations of race, class, gender, sexuality, ableism and ageism, and the implications of global feminist thought. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 101 or consent of instructor. (Same as Women's Studies 201 and Government 201.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Lacsamana.

212S Global Warming: Is the Day After Tomorrow Sooner than We Think?.
Investigates the historical/political/geographic context for our hydrocarbon economy, the scientific and economic debate behind global warming, the social and ecological consequences of action or inaction regarding greenhouse gas emissions and the role of public policy and international relations in global invironmental change. Prerequisite, One semester of science. Not open to students who have taken Environmental Studies/Geoscience 221. May count toward a concentration in environmental studies. (Same as Geosciences 212 and Environmental Studies 212.) Maximum enrollment, 25. Dash.

230F Data Analysis.
How can we tell whether providing child care will encourage more welfare recipients to work? How do we know whether tougher drunk-driving laws will reduce accidents? This course explains how social scientists try to determine the truth about public issues. Topics covered include descriptive statistics, sampling distributions, hypothesis testing and regression, with a focus on how those tools are used in public policy debates. Mathematical formulae are kept to a minimum, and the intuition behind statistical procedures is emphasized. (Quantitative and Symbolic Reasoning.) Not open to students who have taken Economics 265. Wyckoff.

235S Multi-ethnic Israel.
The course will examine the diverse society of Israel. It will focus on different Jewish ethnic groups, their cultural traditions and how ethnicity itself has played a central role in shaping Israeli society. The course will begin with a study of the Zionist movement and the corresponding waves of immigration of Jews to Israel. Some issues that we will address along the way include: the Zionist movement’s attitudes towards the ‘negation of the Diaspora’, the ‘melting-pot approach’ to diversity, the range and types of ‘Sephardic protests’ that arose over the years, and the politics of ethnicity as it has been witnessed in and through events like the rise of the ‘Shas’ (religious-political) Party. Our objective in this course is to examine the political, sociological, and cultural implications of this demographic composition and how it manifests in contemporary Israel- in social life, music, film and popular culture. (Same as Anthropology 235.) Anat Guez.

239S Native Rituals and Religious Freedom.
Is American religious freedom a reality, an unfinished project, or merely a myth? This course explores how Native Americans have struggled for religious freedom in the United States, focusing on contemporary legal battles to protect sacred lands, repatriate ancestral remains and objects, and defend the ceremonial consumption of peyote. (Writing-intensive.) (Same as American Studies 239 and Religious Studies 239.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Seth Schermerhorn.

247F The Pursuit of Happiness.
What is human happiness? What factors increase or decrease it? Why are some countries and cultures happier than others? How can government policies promote happiness? This course considers: -- the nature of happiness from the major philosophical traditions, --the cognitive biases that impede our ability to maximize happiness, --the empirical literature on subjective well-being from the fields of economics, political science, and psychology, --recent trends in capitalist societies and their effects on happiness, and --government policies that might improve human happiness. (Quantitative and Symbolic Reasoning.) Prerequisite, One course in statistics, from any discipline. (Same as Public Policy 247.) Wyckoff.

379S US International Relations: Race, Empire, and Transnational History.
This research course examines US international relations in the twentieth century. Course discussions focus on the reproduction of race alongside the growth of US economic, cultural, political, and military power overseas, including Africa, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and Latin America. The course traces how imperial networks have shaped racial categories in the United States, and it examines the formation of transnational political and cultural affiliations such as Pan-Africanism. (Writing-intensive.) (Same as History 379.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Day Moore.

549F Honors Seminar.
Seminar in which honors candidates in world politics, government and public policy will begin their senior honors thesis. Includes common reading on key issues in political science and research methodology. Prerequisite, GPA of 91 in the major (88 for public policy) and consent of the department. Sullivan.

550S Senior Project.
A senior project required for concentrators in the department who are not pursuing honors. Prerequisite, one 300-level course in government. Open to concentrators only. TBA.

551S Senior Honors Thesis.
Requires a 90 GPA in government courses by the end of a student's seventh semester and consent of the 549 advisor. The Department.

American Politics

116F,S The American Political Process.
Introduction to the study of American national institutions, the public policy-making process and, in general, the distribution of political power in American society. (Writing-intensive.) (Proseminar.) Open to juniors and seniors with consent of instructor only. Proseminar and writing-intensive in the Spring. Maximum enrollment, 16. Johnson (Fall); TBA (Spring).

208F Political Parties and Elections.
Analyzes the development of, and current theories regarding, political parties and elections in American politics. Topics include theories of party realignment, voting behavior, party composition and behavior, and the relationship between parties and elections and democracy. Covers both presidential and congressional elections. Prerequisite, 116 or consent of instructor. Klinkner.

209S Political Oratory.
Examines examples of American political rhetoric from historical, political and rhetorical standpoints. In addition, students will learn how to write and give their own political speeches. (Writing-intensive.) (Oral Presentations.) Prerequisite, GOVT116 or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 12. Klinkner.

219F Congress & Legislative Politics.
Examination of the politics and behavior of the legislative branch of government, including constitutional arrangements, elections, institutional structures and political parties. Analysis of congressional decision-making in foreign and domestic policy. Prerequisite, 116. Klinkner.

221F The American Presidency.
Examines the nature and influence of the executive branch in American politics, including constitutional arrangements, elections, institutional structures and political parties. Analysis of presidential leadership and decision-making in foreign and domestic policy. Prerequisite, GOVT 116. Not open to student who have taken 328. Milstein.

223F Presidential Nomination Politics.
Examines the development and dynamics of the presidential nominating system, with emphasis on the role of parties, fundraising, and the media. The course will also examine the delegate allocation process and the role of the Iowa caucuses and the New Hampshire primary. Prerequisite, Govt 116. First-years with permission of the instructor. One-half credit course. Klinkner.

224F Presidential Nomination Campaign Fieldwork.
Students will complete 2 weeks of volunteer work for a presidential nominating campaign in either Iowa or New Hampshire over winter break. In addition to their campaign work, students will keep a log of their activities and write a 20-page paper relating their campaign experiences to the academic literature on presidential nominations. Prerequisite, Govt 223. First-years with permission of instructor. One-half credit course. Klinkner.

225S Courts and Judicial Process.
A survey of the American judicial system. An examination of federal and state courts, and the structure of the American judicial system. Analysis of how courts interact with the public and other government institutions, and the influences on judicial decision-making. Topics also include judicial federalism, criminal and civil procedure, judicial activism, and judicial policy-making. Prerequisite, GOVT 116. Johnson.

241S Survey of Constitutional Law.
Analysis of constitutional doctrines through major cases. Function of the Supreme Court as an instrument of government and arbiter of public policy. Doctrines include judicial review, federalism, interstate commerce, due process and questions of individual rights. Prerequisite, 116 or a course in American history. Anechiarico.

[242F] The Classical Tradition in American Political Life: Cicero, Hamilton, Jefferson and the Making of the Republic.
A study of ancient Greek and Roman influences on the creation of the United States, with special attention to the influence of Cicero and the rivalry between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. Readings include biographies of and writings by all three figures. Not open to students who have taken Classics 270. (Same as Classics 242.)

251F Introduction to Public Policy.
The study of policy analysis using and comparing a variety of disciplinary and analytic traditions. Consideration of controversies over particular policies at the national and local level and the premises underlying them. Examination of methods and principles used in formulating and evaluating public policy. (Quantitative and Symbolic Reasoning.) Prerequisite, Economics 101. Open to seniors with consent of instructor. (Same as Public Policy 251.) Anechiarico.

[280] The Politics of Gender.
The impact of gender on politics in the United States and the value of studying politics from a gender perspective. Topics include political socialization, communication, media coverage, public opinion and voting behavior; women's movements for rights and mobilization around issues like the environment; women as public leaders; gender and electoral politics; symbolic gender politics and issues such as education and welfare reform. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 116, 117 or consent of instructor. (Same as Women's Studies 280.) Maximum enrollment, 20.

285S Introduction to Environmental Politics.
An overview of environmental politics, domestic and global. Topics include the environmental movement and its history and values, anti-environmentalism, environmental policy analysis, the relation between environmental science and politics, the domestic and international environmental policy processes, the North-South debate, globalization, race and environmental justice, and the implications of environmental politics for liberal democracy. Students will explore these topics directly and through selected policy issues, including forest politics, sprawl and climate change. (Same as Environmental Studies 285.) Cannavo.

306S American Political Development.
Analyzes contemporary American politics by examining the development of political ideologies, institutions and policies throughout American history. Topics include the role of religion in American politics, the transformation of party ideologies, the dynamics of presidential power, the evolution of American foreign policy, among others (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American politics or permission of instructor. Not open to students who have taken 220. Maximum enrollment, 20. Klinkner.

[307] Seminar in War Powers - Law, Policy and Practice.
Examination of legal and policy issues surrounding the nation's use of armed force, including the constitutional distribution of war powers; the national security structure and the roles of various civilian and military decision makers; the import and relationship of relevant national and international laws, including their effect on policy decisions and implementation. Wide range of case studies include: the "War on Terrorism" with focus on drone attacks, preventive detention, interrogation and military commissions; the Kosovo intervention; and the Iran-Contra scandal. Open to senior concentrators or with permission of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 12.

[313] The Politics of the Supreme Court.
Examines the nature and influence of the Supreme Court in American politics. The discussion focuses on how justices actually make decisions compared to how we believe they ought to be made, as well as the debates about the real-world influence of the Court. Students will examine competing views of constitutional interpretation, judicial decision-making and the role of the judiciary in democratic politics by studying several of the landmark decisions of the contemporary court. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American politics. Maximum enrollment, 20.

[314S] The Politics of Public Policy.
Analysis of the values and choices central in the democratic policy-making process with a focus on political institutions, with an emphasis on presidential leadership and how complex systems of governance actually function. Also looks at ethical and global implications of policy making to trace some of the principle tensions in democratic public policy making. Utilizes several case studies that exam the political implications of policy decisions. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American politics. (Same as Public Policy 314.) Maximum enrollment, 20.

[315] The Military in the American Political System.
Civil-military relations and the politics of supporting a standing armed force in the United States. Internal organization and governance of the military and its members including consideration of the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the Law of Armed Conflict. Justification and regulation of the role of the military in the economy from Pres. Eisenhower’s warning to the present. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 116 or 241, or History 254. Maximum enrollment, 20.

321F,S Term in Washington: Congressional and Executive Internships.
Two consecutive six-week internships: first, in either the office of a member of Congress or with the staff of a congressional committee; second, in a federal administrative office. Interns assume some operational responsibility in each office and gain a perspective on legislative and executive roles in the public policy process. Does not count toward the concentration. Offered credit/no credit only. Martin (Fall); Cafruny (Spring).

323F,S Term in Washington: Intern Participant-Observation.
Participants in the program are asked to evaluate their experience in government offices through a series of group discussions and papers focused on particular aspects of the internships. Does not count toward the concentration. Martin (Fall); Cafruny (Spring).

325F,S Term in Washington: Seminar.
An academic seminar focusing on the public policy process and national issues. Martin (Fall); Cafruny (Spring).

327F,S Term in Washington: Independent Research.
Preparation and presentation of independent research on a problem related to public policy issues. Use of Washington’s unique human and data resources required. Martin (Fall); Cafruny (Spring).

[328] Topics: The American Presidency.
Examines the nature and influence of the executive branch in American politics, including constitutional arrangements, elections, institutional structures and political parties. Analysis of presidential leadership and decision-making in foreign and domestic policy. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American politics. Maximum enrollment, 20. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American politics. Maximum enrollment, 20.

335S Seminar: Criminal Law.
Review of major case law related to search and seizure, fair trial rights, self-incrimination and sanctions including the death penalty. Parallel reading in criminology and political analysis of criminal justice issues. Consideration of representative institutions in the system: juvenile courts, the jury system, the police and others. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 241. Maximum enrollment, 12. Anechiarico.

[338] American Public Administration.
Analysis of the history, structure and political influence of public administration in the United States. Consideration of all levels of government with special attention to the influence of reform movements on the development of federal and local administration. Topics include budgeting, corruption and ethics regulation, public contracting and the organization of public works and public personnel policy. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American politics. Maximum enrollment, 20.

340S Race and American Democracy.
Survey of the role of race and equality in American democracy. Special emphasis on understanding how notions of racial equality have advanced and declined throughout American history and the role of race in current American politics. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American politics. (Same as Africana Studies 340.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Klinkner.

358S Equality and Inequality in American Politics.
How does American politics reflect and reinforces various forms of equality and inequality? In particular, the class will examine how Americans have wrestled with egalitarian and inegalitarian ideals, and the relationship between political and economic inequality in the U.S. (Writing-intensive.) (Oral Presentations.) Prerequisite, GOVT 116 or consent of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Klinkner.

359F The Organization and Politics of American Policing.
Review of the history of public safety provision in the U.S.; the impact on the local police function of the wars on drugs and terror, with attention to police relations with ethnic and racial minorities. Analytic approaches to include theories of organizational behavior and criminology. Prerequisite, Government 116 or consent of the instructor (Oral Presentations.) (Proseminar.) Prerequisite, Government 116. Maximum enrollment, 16. Frank Anechiarico.

382S Topics in Public Policy.
The application of theories and methods of evaluation, design and implementation in an intensive study of a significant problem of public policy. Emphasis on skills of analysis, writing and group problem-solving. Coursework may be supplemented by field work as well as participation by scholars and practitioners sponsored by the Arthur Levitt Public Affairs Center. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 251. (Same as Public Policy 382.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Milstein.

416F Topics: Lobbying and Government Relations.
Analysis of the representation of interests in American national government. The history of the role of lobbyists in the Washington community and the contemporary profession of government relations in legislative, regulatory and political contexts. Strategies of lobbying Congress and the executive branch. Issues of reform, including ethics rules and campaign finance. Emphasis on exploring theories and practice of lobbying/government relations through use of academic research, case studies and engagement of the class in practical “real world” lobbying exercises. Prerequisite, Open to senior concentrators or with permission of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 12. Baker and Vlossak.

Comparative Politics

112F,S Comparative Politics.
Introduction to the study of non-American national political systems, emphasizing authority, legitimacy and processes of state- and nation-building. Comparison of alternate forms of political development in selected Western and non-Western countries. Open to juniors and seniors with consent of instructor. (Proseminar and writing-intensive in the Spring.) Olarinmoye (Fall); S Rivera (Spring).

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211F Politics in China.
Decline of Confucian China and problems of recreating political order. Topics include rise of the Communist Party, political organization and policy in the People’s Republic, role of ideology, foreign relations, the politics of modernization and China’s increasing integration into the world economy. Prerequisite, 112 or 114. Rasmussen.

213F Politics in Russia.
Examines political processes in Russia after the collapse of communism in the former Soviet Union. Central focus on explaining the rise of multi-party democracy in the 1990s and the subsequent consolidation of authoritarian rule under Vladimir Putin. Topics include the creation of political parties, the state’s use of propaganda and the media, the problem of corruption, and the prospects for democracy in the future. Prerequisite, Govt 112, 114, Russian Studies 100, or History 222. Closed to first years except with permission of instructor. (Same as Russian Studies 213.) S Rivera.

[214] Politics in Western Europe.
Comparative study of post-World War II politics and government in several European countries, normally concentrating on Britain, France and Germany. Topics include state and political institutions, state- and nation-building, social conflicts and consensus, political culture and the interplay of politics and economics. Some attention paid to international relations in Western European states. Assumes some prior knowledge of Western European history. Prerequisite, 112 or 114.

216F Politics in Latin America.
Comparative and historical approach to analyzing the political process in contemporary Latin America. Focuses on nature of authoritarian regimes and the current process of redemocratization. Topics include the role of the military and state, popular resistance to military rule, human rights and political problems of economic development. Prerequisite, 112 or 114. Sullivan.

217S Politics in the Middle East.
Comparative approach to the contemporary states in the Arab world broken down into the Mashreq (Eastern states), Maghreb (North Africa), Egypt, and the Gulf states. Considers the political and economic relations among these states and the reasons for their failure to take common action on common problems. Focuses on the shifting power structures in light of the Arab Spring and efforts by individual countries to compensate for the changing environment and modernization. Examines the role of Islam in its political context. Evaluates the relative ineffectiveness of regional organizations. Prerequisite, GOVT 112 or 114, and Sophomore or Junior standing, except with consent of instructor. Walker.

218S Politics of Africa.
Comparative examination of the domestic politics of sub-Saharan Africa. Central focus on explaining the recent rise of both multi-party democracy and state collapse across the continent. Examination of the colonial legacy, the nature of the African state, ethnic conflict, class divisions, the role of the military and the problems of economic underdevelopment. Prerequisite, 112, 114 or Africana Studies 101. (Same as Africana Studies 218.) Olarinmoye.

226F Comparative Political Economy.
The purpose of this course is to examine the relationship between states and markets. To understand this interaction in theory and practice, we will discuss classic works in political economy and draw on various country case studies. We will also analyze how markets are embedded in institutions, different models of development, and current policy debates on issues such as globalization and inequality. Prerequisite, GOVT 112, 114, or permission of instructor. Chan.

231S Asian Political Thought.
The course examines Asian political thought/philosophies and their political implications. The course explores ancient philosophies/religions such as Confucianism, Daoism, Sunzi, and Buddhism, as well as modern and contemporary Asian thought such as Maoism, Khmer Rouge ideology, and China’s socialist market economy and discusses their implications on Asian nations’ nation-building, political culture, economic growth, and political systems. Kato.

236F Japanese Politics.
This course exams Japan’s political system including its political, economic, and cultural institutions, as well as its foreign relations. Prerequisite, GOVT112 or GOVT114 or Consent of instructor. Yayoi Kato.

[244F] Nationalism and the Politics of Identity.
The evolution of nationalist, ethnic and religious conflicts in the post-Cold War world. The causes, implications and potential resolutions of such conflicts. The origins, history and power of nationalism. Cases include countries from across the globe. Prerequisite, 112 or 114.

[302] Fragile States.
What makes governments and political institutions weak or strong, stable or unstable? Examines the causes and consequences of state collapse; the possibility of re-building states; the role of the military; the causes, consequences and possible remedies of corruption using case studies from different regions of the world. (Writing-intensive.) (Oral Presentations.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in comparative politics or international relations. Maximum enrollment, 20.

308S Politics in Mexico.
Analysis of the modern Mexican political system. Topics include political parties, labor unions, congress, and the executive. Investigation of the current challenges that Mexico is facing to consolidate its democracy, and make the transition from developing to developed nation. Particular attention to an examination of organized crime, the weak rule of law, lack of political representation, and Mexico’s heavy dependence on oil revenues. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, A 200-level course in Comparative Politics or International Relations. Maximum enrollment, 20. .

311F Transitions to Democracy.
Examines the origins and durability of transitions to democratic forms of governance in authoritarian states. Topics include the roles in democratization played by leadership, ethnic diversity, political institutions, and geography. Emphasis on critical reading of the large theoretical and empirical literature on democratization. Case studies will be drawn from the countries of the former Soviet Union and East-Central Europe, although students interested in other parts of the world are welcome. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, One 200-level course in comparative politics or international relations. Maximum enrollment, 20. S Rivera.

329F Authoritarian Politics.
Consideration of the origins and underpinnings of authoritarian rule. Examines variation in the formal and informal institutions of authoritarian systems as well as the conditions under which transition may take place. Emphasis on critical reading of a growing theoretical and empirical literature in order to gain an understanding the particular problems posed within and by authoritarian regimes. (Writing-intensive.) (Oral Presentations.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in comparative politics or international relations. Maximum enrollment, 20. Rivera.

333S Topics in Survey Research.
This course will introduce students to basics of survey research, with a particular focus on measuring political, economic, and foreign policy attitudes. The class will analyze and report on the findings of an original survey of Russian elites. (Oral Presentations.) (Oral Presentations.) Prerequisite, GOVT 213, HIST 221 or 222, any 200-level GOVT course in comparative politics or international relations, or permission of instructor. (Same as Russian Studies 333.) Maximum enrollment, 12. S Rivera.

363S Poverty and Development.
Examines debates over poverty and development issues in the "Global South." Includes discussion of the ethics of development, the debate over aid to Africa, UN Millenium Development Goals, microfinance, the "Asian miracle" and rapid rise of China, environmental problems and the effects of globalization. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 203, 211, 216, 218, 291, 302 or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Olarinmoye.

367S Comparative Revolutions.
This course looks at the emergence of revolution by comparing historical cases in France, Russia, and China with more contemporary cases such as Iran and the Arab Spring. Beyond defining revolution, the course examines competing theories about its causes, outcomes, and processes in order to develop a novel understanding of revolution, its origins and its aftermath. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, GOVT 112, 114, or permission of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Rasmussen.

368S Violence, Justice and the State in Latin America.
This class explores contemporary issues in Latin American politics, focusing on the ways that the capacity of Latin American states impact people’s everyday lives. The course will consider the role of the state in controlling and contributing to violence and in enhancing and impeding struggles for social justice. Emphasis will be placed on critically reading the theoretical and empirical literature in order to understand and assess the relationship between states and citizens in Latin America. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, One 200-level course in comparative politics or international relations (preferably with some prior knowledge of Latin America). Maximum enrollment, 20. Sullivan.

[373] Democracy and Diversity.
Consideration of liberal democracies and internal conflict between "universal human rights" and "cultural diversity." Topics include equality and diversity in the "public realm." Questions are addressed theoretically and empirically, examining, for instance, affirmative action comparatively; the public role of Islam in France, Britain, Germany and Iraq; female genital mutilation in the Sudan, Kenya and the United States; and gay rights in the U.S. and Europe. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in comparative politics or American politics, or Africana Studies 101, Women's Studies 101 or College 130. Maximum enrollment, 20.

394F Social Movements and Political Protest.
Why do people protest sometimes but more often not? How do social movements work, and why do some succeed while others fail?Examines the origins, dynamics, and consequences of social movements and political protest, exploring both nonviolent and violent movements that have attempted to reshape politics in countries across the globe. Emphasis on critical reading of the theoretical and empirical literature in order to gain an understanding of how political differences across countries shape and are shaped by protest. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in comparative politics or international relations. Maximum enrollment, 20. Sullivan.

International Relations

114F,S International Relations.
Introduction to the theory and practice of world politics. Emphasis on the changing structure of the international system; the role of the nation-state and non-state actors; patterns of conflict and cooperation; the use of force, diplomacy and ideology; the interplay between politics and economics. (Writing-intensive.) (Proseminar.) Open to juniors and seniors with consent of instructor only. Cafruny (Fall); Rasmussen (Spring).

[206] US Foreign Policy Toward Latin America.
Examines U.S. foreign policy toward Latin America from the Monroe Doctrine to the present. Tracks the development of the inter-American system in a context of U.S. hegemony to show how asymmetric power relations have influenced resolution of key problems. Will review gunboat diplomacy, the Good Neighbor policy, and the Alliance for Progress, the Cuban Missile Crisis, Panama Canal Treaties and U.S. military occupation. Will consider how the United States and Latin America see current policy problems differently. Prerequisite, 114.

233S US-China Relations.
Examination of the history of US-China (PRC) relations, each country’s foreign policy and dialogue on human rights, trade, Taiwan, and other major issues. The course emphasizes the comparison of American and Chinese perceptions of the other and examines cultural and perceptional differences between the two countries and the resultant misperceptions/frictions with case studies. The comparison between “American Exceptionalism” and “China’s Uniqueness” is also made in the context of China’s recent rise. Prerequisite, GOVT 112 or GOVT 114 or consent of instructor. Kato.

240S International Security.
This course examines the use of force to achieve political objectives by both state and non-state actors. It explores the origins, conduct, and outcomes of international and civil wars; the use of terrorism and other forms of violence against civilians; the motivations of people that participate in political violence; and the lasting effects of such participation. Includes both historical and contemporary cases, ranging from the First World War to the current conflict in Syria. Prerequisite, GOVT 114 or consent of instructor. De Bruin.

253F The Nation-State in the New World Order.
Examines the fate of the nation state as globalization, the information revolution, and technology have made inroads on state sovereignty and states have become increasingly dependent on the actions of others for economic growth and political stability. Investigation of the future role of sovereign states, and especially the impact on the US role in the world. Considers the changing system of international relations and estimates the impact on the US of the changing landscape of power distribution in the world and what we should do about it to protect our interests and our society. Prerequisite, 112 or 114. Walker.

290S US Foreign Policy.
The major problems of American foreign policy since the republic's founding and the varying approaches U.S. leaders have adopted to cope with American power and principles. Theories are illustrated with detailed examples since WWI. Some attention given to how foreign policy is shaped by government structure, political culture, organizational dynamics, individual psychology, economic interests and other causes. Students will analyze the limitations of various types of explanations and why policy implementation at times diverges from the intentions of decision-makers. Prerequisite, 114. .

291S International Political Economy.
Examination of the development and evolution of the modern global economy and its political impact. Issues include global trade relations, the monetary system and international debt, the role of multinational corporations, foreign aid, imperialism and dependency, industrial competitiveness and the rise and impact of newly industrializing countries such as South Korea and Taiwan. Prerequisite, 114. .

[330] The Tools of Diplomacy.
Examination of the tools and techniques of U.S. policy makers to extend American influence, support our interests and achieve our objectives short of combat and/or black operations. Focus on diplomatic techniques including personal diplomacy by the President and other officials. Evaluate the effectiveness of partnerships with like-minded countries, coalitions and international institutions. Consider the uses of bilateral and multilateral assistance to support national interests. Evaluate incentives in the manipulation of trade, including sanctions; evaluate the value of public diplomacy. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in international relations or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.

337F Civil Wars.
Civil wars have become the most common type of contemporary armed conflict. This course analyzes the causes, dynamics, outcomes, and aftermath of civil wars. Topics include the systematic factors that predict when civil war occurs, logic of violence in civil war, armed group recruitment and governance, international intervention, and post-conflict politics. Prerequisite, 114 or 112. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, GOVT 112 or 114. Maximum enrollment, 20. DeBruin.

[339] East Asian International Relations.
Examination of structural, cultural ideological and organizational factors that have shaped the foreign policy of East Asian countries since World War II. Topics include the rise of Japan and the NICs (Newly Industrialized Countries), the Japan-U.S. economic conflict and cooperation, China’s open-door policy, the possibility of a Pacific Economic Community and regional security issues. Emphasis on the interaction of politics and economics, the linkages between domestic and foreign policies, and the interdependence of major powers and small states. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 209, 211, 290 or 291. Maximum enrollment, 20.

341F Culture: Tool of diplomacy or imperialism?.
Examination of the growing body of academic and political literature on the impact of culture in foreign policy. Culture has often been the orphan of US diplomacy with few advocates or resources devoted to capitalizing on American culture. Other countries have capitalized on their indigenous culture to amplify their impact in the world. Comparative analysis of US and other countries’ efforts to use culture as diplomatic tool. Investigation of the tension between cultural diplomacy and imperialism, and possible future strategies. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 245 or 290. Maximum enrollment, 20. Walker.

355F The European Union in World Affairs.
Examination of the origins and development of European integration and Europe's relations with the rest of the world. Topics include theories of regional economic and political integration; evolution of EU institutions; relations between the EU and the United States; development of the European monetary system; problems of European political cooperation; the crisis of the European social model. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in comparative politics or international relations. Maximum enrollment, 20. Cafruny.

[369] American Policy in the Middle East.
Examination of American foreign policy-making in a period of deep divisions in the Middle East and in the United States. Focus on the role of the U.S. as it seeks to deal with the problems of Iraq, Iran, the Palestinian conflict, terrorism, democracy and energy. Examination of linkages between U.S. policies and U.S. options for action including the problem of unintended consequences. Consideration of alternative policy courses to deal with existing problems in the Middle East including proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, military options, resource security and the U.S. image. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in international relations. Maximum enrollment, 20.

371S The Role of Intelligence in Foreign Policy.
This course examines how US intelligence influences foreign policy. Working from a review of existing intelligence structure and its cost, and from case studies of past intelligence failures, we will try to discern just how much we can rely on intelligence and how it can be manipulated to suit a political agenda. We will also review the most recent role intelligence played in the US approach to the Iran nuclear issue. The course will be informed by governmental and private unclassified reports (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, GOVT 112, 114, or permission of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Walker.

[374] War and Politics.
Examination of competing theoretical approaches and empirical evidence concerning the sources, nature of and consequences of armed interstate conflict. Examples drawn from historical and contemporary cases. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 290 or 381. Maximum enrollment, 20.

[378] US-China Relations.
Examination of the development and issues of Sino-American relations in an era of rising Chinese power. Emphasis on the interaction of global environment, national attributes and leadership characteristics in the formation of the foreign policies of both countries. Topics include the historical context of normalization, political discourse regarding human rights, the role of media, trade relations, the tension over the Taiwan strait, and cultural and educational exchange between China and the United States. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 206, 211, 290, 291. Maximum enrollment, 20.

385S International Law and International Politics.
An examination of the intersection of international law and international politics. The course focuses on laws regulating the conduct of war, human rights, economics, and various treaties. Includes analysis of whether and how the actions of states comply with or break these rules thereby displaying the ways in which international politics impacts international law and institutions. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, GOVT 112, 114, or permission of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Rasmussen.

[386] Theories of International Relations.
Survey of competing approaches to the study of international politics. Realism, transnationalism and regime analysis, and the problem of international system transformation. Some attention to research methods. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 290 or 291. Maximum enrollment, 20.

387S Civil-Military Relations.
This course examines the causes and consequences of military intervention in politics. Topics include the causes of coups d’etat; problems of military rule; civil-military relations and the use of force; nationalism, ethnicity, and the military; and the use of “irregular” armed forces such as warlords and civilian militia. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, One 200-level course in international relations or comparative politics, or consent of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. De Bruin.

391S US-Africa Relations.
The course examines US- Africa relations primarily through policy issues such as foreign aid, conflict management, democracy promotion, immigration, defense/anti-terrorism, environment and immigration. The course also discusses the influence of colonialism, the construction and propagation of American images of Africa, ideology, the various actors, institutions (African-Americans, African diaspora/ Presidency/Congress) and instruments on US- Africa relations. The course will cover issues and debates in US – Africa relations from1960-present. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, GOVT112 or GOVT114 or Consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Omobolaji Olarinmoye.

419F Seminar: Foreign Policy Decision-Making.
This class explores the development of foreign policy decisions by examining several recent cases and simulations of current policy issues. These case studies are based on the Council on Foreign Relations' Model Diplomacy program, which uses background materials and role playing to recreate the complex environment in which policy makers on the U.S. National Security Council operate. Cases include the Cuban Missile Crisis, the troop surge in Afghanistan, and U.S.-Mexico relations, among others. (Proseminar.) Prerequisite, Permission of the department. Maximum enrollment, 12. Wayne.

Political Theory

117F,S Introduction to Political Theory.
Survey of selected political theorists from Plato to the present. Examination of questions of liberty, equality, justice and community. (Writing-intensive.) (Proseminar.) (Proseminar and writing-intensive in the Spring.) Open to juniors and seniors with consent of instructor only. (Same as Philosophy 117.) Martin (Fall); TBA (Spring).

201S Introduction to Feminist Thought.
An interdisciplinary examination of the history and contemporary practice of feminist thought. Topics include the history of feminist thought in Western culture, the broadening and complication of that canon to include examinations of race, class, gender, sexuality, ableism and ageism, and the implications of global feminist thought. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 101 or consent of instructor. (Same as Women's Studies 201 and Government 201.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Lacsamana.

229F,S The American Founding: Ideals and Reality.
An intensive analysis of the philosophical ideals of the Founding Era (1763-1800) and their uneven realization. Social histories of various races, genders and classes will help illuminate the inherent ambiguities, weaknesses, strengths and legacies of the social and political philosophies of late 18th-century America. Prerequisite, Government 117, Philosophy 117 or a 100-level course in history. May count toward a concentration in either history or government. Not open to students who have taken History 240 or 374. (Same as College Courses and Seminars 229 and History 229.) Maximum enrollment, 24. Ambrose and Martin.

[232] Contemporary Political Theory.
How should we think about politics after Nietzsche? Considers the answers of John Rawls, Hannah Arendt, Leo Strauss, Charles Taylor, Gilles Deleuze and William Connolly. Focusing on each theorist's conceptions of human nature and politics. Prerequisite, 117.

249S American Political Thought.
What does it mean to be an American? What are the principles of American politics? Considers the answers of Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Alexis de Tocqueville, W.E.B. DuBois, Emma Goldman, John Dewey, Leo Strauss and William E. Connolly. Prerequisite, 116, 117, 229, 241, 270, or consent of the instructor. Martin.

270F Democratic Theory.
Analysis of the idea of democracy, traditions of democratic theory (liberal, Marxist, elitist) and current problems of democracy in practice. Topics include liberty and equality, community power, participation and bureaucracy. Prerequisite, 117 or consent of instructor. Martin.

277S Conservative Thought in the United States.
Survey of major conservative thinkers and their writings from the founding of the United States to present. Focuses on various strains of right-of-center thinking, the growth of a mainstream conservative worldview in the antebellum South, the rise of the modern conservative movement under William F. Buckley after World War II, and fissures in the movement after the fall of the Soviet Union. (Same as History 277.) Paquette.

287F Political Theory and the Environment.
What is the relationship between theorizing about politics and theorizing about nature? Explores how conceptions of the natural world and our relationship to it have shaped political thought since ancient times and how contemporary "green" political thinkers attempt to craft principles for an ecologically responsible society. (Same as Environmental Studies 287.) Cannavó.

[345] Ethics and Public Policy.
An introduction to fundamental issues of moral and political theory in public policy debates. Topics include ethical compromise on the part of public officials, individual rights versus communitarian values, distributive justice, commodification, property rights, moral duties beyond borders, moral conflict and pluralism, the collision between political and scientific values, and moral responsibilities to nature and future generations. Course materials will include both theoretical readings and policy cases. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in political theory or Public Policy 251. Maximum enrollment, 20.

360F The Politics and Theory of Place and Space.
How do we map out, conceptualize, inhabit and govern our spatial environment? What political challenges arise in organizing and maintaining a coherent world of places? A look at the theoretical and political dimensions of place and space through writings of geographers, political theorists, environmental thinkers, novelists and U.S. case studies, including 9/11, the debate over logging in the Pacific Northwest, the problem of sprawl, the decline and revival of old industrial cities, the future of America’s agricultural landscape, and the impact of climate change. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in American politics or political theory. Maximum enrollment, 20. Cannavo.

[365] Free Speech Theory.
Analysis of competing theories of the liberty of expression in the American context. Focuses primarily on contemporary political and legal disputes over such morally divisive issues as “hate speech,” campus speech codes, pornography, media and Internet censorship, and the proper role of free speech in a democracy. Examination of the evolution of American constitutional law concerning freedom of expression. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 229, 241, 270 or 276. Maximum enrollment, 20.

377S Enlightenment and Counter-Enlightenment.
Examination of the political thought of the Enlightenment, the early modern period roughly from the English Revolution to the French Revolution (1640-1800). Analysis of such theorists as Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, Hume, Rousseau, Burke and Kant. Topics include liberty, equality, natural law, political culture, revolution, progress and the role of tradition. Focus on the relationship between scientific reason and political power. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 229, 232, 249, 270, 287, 365 or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Martin.

389S Capitalism, Democracy, and the Workplace.
What is the relationship between capitalism and democracy? Do the claims of democracy extend into the workplace? This course examines the development of a market society, the division of labor, and contemporary working conditions, exploring the challenges and possibilities each presents democratic life. It emphasizes critical reading of historical, empirical, and normative texts in order to define and assess the mutual obligations between democratic societies and their citizens and workers. Readings include Adam Smith, Max Weber, Hannah Arendt, C. Wright Mills, and Karl Polanyi. (Writing-intensive.) (Proseminar.) Prerequisite, 117. Maximum enrollment, 16. Winkelman.

(from the Hamilton Course Catalogue)