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Courses and Requirements

The goal of Hamilton's Neuroscience Program is, through interdisciplinary approaches, to facilitate students' understanding of the nervous system and development of rigorous scientific research, analysis and communication skills.

The departments of Biology and Psychology offer an interdisciplinary concentration in neuroscience. The concentration consists of 12 courses, which must include:

•        Chemistry 120 or 125
•        Chemistry 190
•        Biology 101 or 115 (Class of 2020 and later, Biology 100);
•        Biology 102 or another Biology course at the 200 level;
•        Psychology 101
•        Psychology 201
•        Psychology 204 or 205
•        Neuroscience/Psychology 330 or Biology 331
•        Neuroscience/Psychology 320, 328 or 329
•        Neuroscience/Biology 357
•        Neuroscience 500 and/or 501
•        One of the following:
       - a Biology course at the 200 level or above
       - a Psychology course at the 200 level or above (except 254)
       - Chemistry 270
       - Computer Science 375
       - Philosophy 310
       - Philosophy 440

To fulfill the Social, Structural, and Institutional Hierarchies requirement in Neuroscience, concentrators must take two courses, which may concurrently fulfill other concentration requirements:
       - Psychology 101: Introduction to Psychology. Students who place out of Psychology 101 through AP or IB must replace the course with any SSIH-designated Psychology course to fulfill the requirement.
       - Biology 100: Introduction to Biology. Students who place out of Biology 100 through AP or IB must must replace the course with any SSIH-designated Biology course to fulfill the requirement.

Students who place out of any 100-level introductory course through AP or IB must replace each course with another course in that discipline at the 200-level or above. Concentrators must take a minimum of twelve courses.

Either Biology 100 or Psychology 101 (not both) may fulfill Neuroscience concentration requirements if taken on a credit/no credit basis. No other courses taken on a credit/no credit basis will fulfill Neuroscience concentration requirements.

Program honors recognize the distinguished achievement of students who excel in their coursework in the concentration, including the Senior Project. Students considering graduate work in neuroscience should consult with members of the Neuroscience Program Committee to determine additional courses that might be helpful.

194 F,S Pedagogical Practice in Psychology.
This course provides students an opportunity to learn more about pedagogy in psychology/neuroscience under the supervision of a faculty member. Three to four hours per week of work, which may include tutoring other students as well as developing course content, study guides, homework problems, grading rubrics, and assignments. Student performance will be evaluated as Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory. One-quarter credit per semester. May be repeated for credit, but does not count toward concentration requirements. Prerequisite, Permission of the instructor. (Same as Psychology 194.) Maximum enrollment, Other. Department.

198 F,S Collaborative Research in Psychology I.
Collaborative research under the supervision of a faculty member. Focus on data collection and/or analysis. Three to four hours per week of lab work. Prerequisite, Permission of the instructor. Student performance will be evaluated as Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory. One-quarter credit per semester. May be repeated for credit, but does not count toward concentration requirements. (Same as Psychology 198.) The Department.

201 F,S Statistics and Research Methods in Psychology.
The application and interpretation of descriptive and inferential statistics in the study of psychological processes. Some instruction in research design and methodological issues. Students will learn to use the statistical computer program SPSS to analyze data. Topics include the principles of hypothesis testing, t tests, analysis of variance, regression, and some non-parametric statistics. (Quantitative and Symbolic Reasoning.) Prerequisite, 101. (Same as Psychology 201.) Borton (Fall); Borton & TBA (Spring).

204 F,S Fundamentals of Human Neuroscience.
Introduction to the field of neuroscience from a behavioral and cognitive perspective. Survey of experimental and clinical research involving humans and non-human animals, addressing presumed neural mechanisms for cognitive, motivational and emotional states. Analysis of amnesia, aphasia, agnosias, apraxias and disconnection syndromes. Prerequisite, 101. (Same as Psychology 204.) Bejjanki (fall); List (spring).

205 F Fundamentals of Neurobiology.
Introduction to the field of neuroscience from a biological perspective. In-depth examination of fundamental concepts in neurobiology designed to introduce students to the electrophysiological, chemical and anatomical features of neurons, brain regions and brain circuits. Investigation of the neurobiological basis of behavior through exploration of topics such as neuronal communication, neuroanatomy, sensory and motor systems, learning, motivation, and behavior disorders. Prerequisite, Psych 101 or Biology 100. (Same as Psychology 205.) Robinson.

[310] Philosophy of Science.
Focus on the philosophical analysis of scientific knowledge, scientific method and the practice of science. Readings include classic texts in the philosophy of science as well as contemporary discussions of science as a social product and critiques of the notion of scientific objectivity. Taught in alternating years. (Writing-intensive.) (Social, Structural, and Institutional Hierarchies.) Prerequisite, 203 and either 120 or 235, or consent of the instructor. Next offered 2021-22. (Same as Philosophy 310.) Maximum enrollment, 18.

[320 S] Psychology and Neuroscience of Learning.
An exploration of theoretical and methodological questions involved in the study of learning and neural plasticity. Questions covered will include: What is learning? What are the mechanisms that support neural plasticity, and how do they contribute to learning-induced changes in behavior? How does learning change across the lifespan? Laboratory exercises will include the development of original experiments to elicit and measure learning at the behavioral and neural levels, as well as the analysis of neural data. Three hours of class and three hours of laboratory. (Quantitative and Symbolic Reasoning.) Prerequisite, Psych/Neuro 201 and Psych/Neuro 204 or 205. Does not count toward the lab requirement in Psychology. (Same as Psychology 320.) Maximum enrollment, Other.

[328] Cognitive Neuroscience.
Study of brain processes involved in cognition, with a focus on current research designs and techniques. Class discussions will focus on primary research articles covering perception, attention, memory and language systems. Laboratory exercises will include the analysis of structural brain scans and electroencephalographic data, and the design, programming and presentation of original experiments. Three hours of class and three hours of laboratory. (Quantitative and Symbolic Reasoning.) Prerequisite, Psych/Neuro 201 and Psych/Neuro 204 or 205. Does not count toward the lab requirement in Psychology. (Same as Psychology 328.)

329 F Stress and Psychophysiology.
A theoretical and methodological exploration of the psychological and physiological mechanisms of stress. Questions will include: How does psychological stress impact health and well-being? What neurobiological mechanisms are involved? What is the role of environmental context? Laboratory exercises will include designing original experiments to examine the role of stress on behavior and physiological activity, as well as analyzing data, writing papers based on findings, and oral and poster presentations. Three hours of class and three hours of laboratory. (Quantitative and Symbolic Reasoning.) Prerequisite, Psych/Neuro 201 and Psych/Neuro 204 or 205. Does not count toward the lab requirement in Psychology. (Same as PSYCH/NEURO-329.) (Same as Psychology 329.) Faig.

[330 F] Systems Neuroscience.
The primary focus of this course is on the physiological and chemical basis of behavior from a systems perspective. Topics include analysis of sensory and motor systems; motivated behaviors; stress, anxiety and mental illness; and learning and memory. Laboratory exercises introduce students to the anatomy and physiology of the mammalian central nervous system and to some of the principal techniques used in systems and behavioral neuroscience. Three hours of class and three hours of laboratory. Prerequisite, Psych/Neuro 204 or 205. Does not count toward the lab requirement in Psychology. (Same as Psychology 330 and Biology 330.) Maximum enrollment, Other.

[338 S] Sensation and Perception.
An exploration of sensory systems and perceptual experiences. This course will address how we obtain information from our physical environment and use it to create the vibrant experience of our own bodies and the world around us. An emphasis on vision, but also covering audition, somatosensation, olfaction and gustation. Topics will include methodological approaches, sensory pathways and neurobiological mechanisms, disorders, illusions and multi-sensory interactions. Prerequisite, Psych/Neuro 201. (Same as Psychology 338.)

[352 F] Psychopharmacology.
A study of the effects of drugs on animal and human behavior. Topics include neuropharmacology, antipsychotics, analgesics, stimulants, hallucinogens, antidepressants, alcoholism, addiction, effects of drugs on society, and the implications of drug effects for neurochemical theories of behavior. Prerequisite, Psych/Neuro 201. (Same as Psychology 352.)

[355 S] Neurobiology of Addiction.
This course is centered on understanding the neurobiology of the “addicted brain.” Strong emphasis on the neurobiological effects of drugs of abuse, including short and longer-term changes in the brain and body that occur in response to drug use and abuse. A sampling of drugs to be discussed include cocaine, heroin, marijuana, hallucinogens and alcohol. Effectiveness of various treatment strategies will also be considered. Some discussion of the social, political and philosophical aspects of addiction to drug and non-drug substances (e.g., food compulsions and pathological gambling). (Social, Structural, and Institutional Hierarchies.) Prerequisite, Psych/Neuro 201. (Same as Psychology 355.)

357 S Cellular Neurobiology.
A study of the fundamental functions of eukaryotic cells. The interrelationships of cellular structure and function, the cell cycle, protein trafficking and cellular communication will be examined through the study of neurons, the basic unit of the nervous system. Additional topics will include specialized activities of neurons. Three hours class and three hours of laboratory. (Social, Structural, and Institutional Hierarchies.) Prerequisite, 100, or 101, or 102, or 115, or consent of instructor. (Same as Biology 357.) Lehman.

371 S Emotion.
Everyone experiences emotions, but how we define them and measure their impact on daily life is a question that psychologists are still working on today. In this course, we will explore how emotions shape behavior, cognition, interpersonal relationships, and biology. Questions covered will include: What would life be like without emotions? Are emotions experienced similarly across cultures? Do nonhuman animals have emotions? How do emotions affect health? Prerequisite, Psych/Neuro 201. (Same as Psychology 371.) Faig.

[373] Health Psychology.
An overview of how interactions between mind and body contribute to health and well-being. Health psychologists investigate how to promote health, as well as how to prevent, cope with, and recover from illness. In this class, we will examine the interplay between various psychological, social, and environmental factors as they relate to general health outcomes and specific diseases. Topics include stress management, social relationships, personality traits, placebo effects, and behavioral changes such as eating, sleep habits, exercise, and drug use. (Social, Structural, and Institutional Hierarchies.) Prerequisite, Psych/Neuro 201. (Same as Psychology 373.)

375 S Artificial Intelligence.
Exploration of AI theory and philosophy, as well as a variety of algorithms and data structures, such as heuristic strategies, logic unification, probabilistic reasoning, semantic networks and knowledge representation. Topics include application areas such as natural language understanding, computer vision, game playing, theorem proving and autonomous agents. Programming intensive. Prerequisite, 220. (Same as Computer Science 375.) Maximum enrollment, 24. Helmuth.

440 F Mind and Body.
An examination of literature in philosophy of mind. Focus on questions and issues such as: What is the mind? How is it related to the body? What is its role in personal identity? How do theories of mind relate to our understanding of affective and cognitive phenomena such as the emotions, will and reason? Prerequisite, three courses in philosophy or consent of instructor. (Same as Philosophy 440.) Maximum enrollment, 12. Janack.

500/501 Senior Project.
Supervised research on a specific problem in neuroscience based on proposals submitted to the faculty in the spring of the junior year. Open to senior concentrators. The Department. .

(from the Hamilton Course Catalogue)

Contact Information


Neuroscience Program

198 College Hill Road
Clinton, NY 13323
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