As part of a liberal arts education in the 21st century, the study of a second or third language continues to play—beyond its traditional role in honing self-expression—a crucial role in developing citizens who are competent in multilingual contexts, aware of and sensitive to cultural differences, and more effective participants in an increasingly internationalized and complex world, one in which questions of identity (e.g. linguistic, cultural, religious) have taken center stage. To that end, the French and Francophone program at Hamilton offers multidisciplinary courses in three distinct but related areas for study:

The department also offers many opportunities to use French with other students and the faculty:

For students interested in exploring French and Francophone topics but who do not know the language, the Department offers a limited number of courses in English, French 160 and French 240.

Students elect to study French at Hamilton for a number of reasons, including to enhance their work in other fields and to learn more about the world. Thus, one is likely to find in our classrooms on campus and in our program in Paris students majoring in Biology, Chemistry, History, World Politics, Psychology, Literature, Comparative Literature, Africana Studies, Economics, Anthropology, Sociology, Theater and Dance, Studio Arts and Art History.

Students who have concentrated in French and Francophone Studies in the last ten years have gone on to law school, top graduate programs in French, education, linguistics, and to employment in business, diplomatic service., education, publishing, speech therapy, and non-profit sectors. Their work in French at Hamilton has taught them how to read carefully; speak with confidence; appreciate aesthetic and socio-political dimensions in culture; conduct sophisticated research; and make connections to other disciplines.

True beginners of French start with French 110 (First Term French, offered in Fall) while those with prior knowledge of the language are placed in the appropriate class upon completion of the placement test they take in the summer before arriving at Hamilton. Once placed, a student may request to switch to another level if he or she believes the level is inappropriate.

110 F Elementary French.
A thorough grounding in speaking, writing, reading and comprehension for beginners. This is an intensive, interactive course in which students make rapid gains in oral fluency and are able to read short texts. Textbook readings, daily on-line and written exercises supplemented by short texts and films. Prerequisite, For students with no prior experience in French. Four hours of class, plus one session with a teaching assistant. First-year students who follow the sequence through 140 may qualify for Hamilton in France, with consent of the director. Maximum enrollment, 20. Mwantuali.

111 S Power Accelerated Beginners'' French.
This fast pace course covers two semesters of beginning French. Students who receive a B can enroll in Fr 130 in fall (thus can apply to HiF for during their Junior year). This is a highly interactive course that emphasizes conversation and vocabulary acquisition, then moves into reading, written communication and the discussion of cross-cultural issues through more advanced texts and films. The course meets five times a week plus conversation sessions and/or lab. It is designed for students who have taken some French before (no more than one year in high school) and dynamic true beginners. (Speaking-Intensive.) (Proseminar.) Prerequisite, No more than one year of high school French. Maximum enrollment, 16. Guyot-Bender.

120 S Second-Term French.
Increased instruction in aural comprehension, speaking, reading and writing. In 120, students engage in more in-depth conversation topics and writing assignments about everyday life and cultural topics related to French-speaking areas around the world. Four hours of class, with additional independent drill and laboratory work as well as Internet exploration. Prerequisite, 110 or placement in 111/120. Although a natural continuation of 110, 120 can be taken independently. First-year students who follow the sequence to 140 may qualify to attend Hamilton in France. Maximum enrollment, 16. Loescher (Spring).

130 F Communication in Francophone Cultural Contexts: Intermediate French I.
The diversity of the French-speaking world provides the focus for active student engagement toward the acquisition of greater proficiency in speaking, comprehending, reading, and writing French. Reinforcement of major grammatical structures, regular oral practice and conversation, readings in contemporary cultures and social issues. Incorporates texts, film and other media as the basis for discussion, debate, exposés and short compositions. Three hours of class and session with teaching assistant. (Proseminar.) Prerequisite, 111, 120 or French placement exam. Maximum enrollment, 16. Morgan.

140 F,S Communication in Francophone Cultural Contexts: Intermediate French II.
This intermediate-level French course is based on the study of French films. Focus on listening and reading ability to express ideas and arguments with precision and nuance. Students progress in complex grammar structures and expand vocabulary to develop strategies in expressing preferences and opinions. Analysis of texts and films develops critical thinking in French. Activities such as debate, discussion, and written assignments. Conducted entirely in French. Prerequisite, 130, placement exam, or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Loescher (Fall); Mouflard (Spring).

200 F,S Written and Oral Argumentation Through Contempory Texts.
An intensive course to improve all language skills, focusing on oral and written argumentation, proper nuanced expression, improvement of syntax and vocabulary-building strategies through the analysis of contemporary literary and cultural texts. A necessary course for study abroad and French culture and literature courses. Mandatory discussion session TBA. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 140 or placement exam; heritage speakers with instructor permission. Regular class meetings plus a weekly discussion session with a teaching assistant. Maximum enrollment, 16. Krueger (Fall); Loescher (Spring).

211 F Introduction to French Lit I: Communities, Belonging and Discontent.
This course examines forms of community and belonging, as well as their failures, in literature spanning the 18th to 21st centuries. Topics include class divisions; racial, ethnic, and gender conflicts; individualism; nationalism; and immigration. Special attention is given to close reading, literary analysis and coherent written argumentation. The course lays a solid basis for strong general knowledge of French literatures and familiarizes students with a range of different genres. Reading and class discussion in French. (Writing-intensive.) (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, French 200, appropriate score on placement exam, or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Loescher.

212 S Introduction to French Literature II From Vidocq to Vargas: French Crime, Culture, and Fiction.
From the 19th-century serial novel to today’s best-selling “polars”, dramas of French life play out in crime fiction tracking all manner of transgressions, from affairs of the heart to atrocities committed by the government. Rising in a culture enthralled with the sensational news story, French crime fiction flourishes today. Surveying the evolution of this dynamic form, this course examines works by figures ranging from Vidocq, the real life inspiration for Hugo’s Jean Valjean of Les Misérables, to Fred Vargas and Elsa Marpeau, two women revising the genre today. Writing-intensive. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, French 200, appropriate score on placement exam, or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Morgan.

[250 F] Exploring Contemporary France: Current Events.
Analysis of recent and current events in contemporary France, including immigration and politics, debates on religions, cultures, and gender roles as they have shaped the social evolution of the population and popular culture. Exploration of recent reforms and initiatives led by Emmanuel Macron''''''''s government. Study of regional cultures. Students conduct individual research to be presented orally during the semester. Prerequisite, French 200, appropriate score on placement exam, or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 16.

[276 S] Francophone Theaters.
An exploration of diverse playwriting techniques and themes in different French-speaking areas. Plays read or watched on video. Assignments include text analysis as well as dramatic readings and/or reenacting of scenes from the plays. Authors read include: Michel Tremblay and Marie Brassard (Québec), Aimé Césaire (Martinique), Maryse Condé (Guadeloupe), Mikanza Mobyem (Congo-Kinshasa), Marie Ndiaye, Sartre, Camus, Beckett, or Ionesco (France), Guillaume Oyono Mbia (Cameroun), Guy Régis Jr. (Haiti), Sony Labou Tansi (Congo-Brazzaville), and Werewere Liking (Cameroun-Côte d’Ivoire). (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, French 200 or permission of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20.

280 S Francophone Cultures.
An introduction to cultures of French-speaking areas beyond the Hexagon: Africa, the Caribbean, Canada. Topics include the history of slavery, colonization and neo-colonization; literatures; sculptures, masks, paintings; fashion; and cuisines. Discussion based on readings, films and presentations by native informants. Taught in French. Prerequisite, French 200, appropriate score on placement exam, or consent of instructor. Instructor’s consent also required for those returning from study in France. Mwantuali.

285 F 1968: Is Paris Burning?.
In May 1968, France experienced social unrest on an unprecedented scale: massive student demonstrations preceded a general labor strike by millions of workers from all sectors of employment. Social and political unrest characterized the moment, but the "events of May" also challenged existing forms of knowledge and the very nature of language. Explores post-war French history and concurrent developments in the university, the arts and intellectual life. Prerequisite, 200 or consent of instructor. Taught in French. Morgan.

[346 S] Matter of Taste: Food Cultures in France and the Francophone World.
The course presents a socio-historical survey of food practices and culinary arts from the French Middle Ages to the present, including the influence of African, Asian, Caribbean, and Middle Eastern cultures on French food today. Topics include: medieval cookbooks and royal banquets; etiquette; the language of cooking; regional cuisines in France and beyond; haute cuisine; restaurant culture; dining and cooking in literature and film; food and social class; food politics. Assignments include food journal; response papers; oral presentation; and a final project. Taught entirely in French. Prerequisite, Any 200-level French course.

365 S Adventures and Encounters in Travel Literature in French.
From Montesquieu’s Lettres Persanes to Tintin’s adventures in Asia, this course explores the concept of travelling in all its forms: the thirst for adventure in a foreign land, colonial travels, the forced voyage of exile and immigration, and even space travel. The historical and sociocultural components of various texts of the travel literature genre in French are examined in context. Authors include Montesquieu, Voltaire, Saint-Exupéry, Marcel Aymé, Hergé, Gisèle Pineau, Kim Thuy, and Amélie Nothomb. Students will write their own fictional récit de voyage in the form of a travel journal. Prerequisite, 211 or above, or consent of instructor. Mouflard.

374 S African Cinema.
An introduction to the cinema of Africa. This course is a study of major cultural and socio-political issues as well as of techniques, and the crucial question of "language(s)" in African cinema, from the colonial to the post-colonial era. African filmmakers include Raoul Peck, Ngangura Mweze, Ousmane Sembene, Assia Djebar, Amadou Saalum Seck, Raymond Rajaonarivelo, Kwaw Ansah, Djibril Diop Mambety, as well as some non-African director such as Thierry Michel and Tristan Boulard. Taught in French. Prerequisite, One 200-level course or above, or consent of the instructor. Mwantuali.

[404] Arthurian Legends and the Creation of Courtly Culture in Medieval France.
This course examines the representation of social relationships in tales of King Arthur and the Round Table. Works and authors include Geoffrey of Monmouth, Marie de France, Lancelot and Perceval, La Quête du Saint Graal and La Mort du Roi Arthur, fabliaux and didactic texts (all read in modern French translation). Topics include the construction of gender roles ; dress and fashion; the politics of the court; and the role of clerics and readers in the definition of courtly culture. Oral exposé and brief papers on subjects that may bring in other disciplinary interests . Prerequisite, French 211 or 212 or consent of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 12.

[406 F] Comic Visions in French Literature from the Fabliaux to Figaro.
Analysis of comic perspectives on society, language and literature from Old French farce through the early modern period. Works and authors include Aucassin et Nicolette, selected fabliaux, the Farce de Maistre Pathelin, Marguerite de Navarre, Rabelais, Molière and Le Mariage de Figaro. Taught in the original French or in modern French translation when appropriate. Prerequisite, 211 or above, or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 16.

[414 S] East Meets West: Cultural Encounters with the Other in the Middle Ages and Beyond.
This course focuses on representations of Christians and Muslims in Old French literature that centers around or departs from the medieval Mediterranean world during a time of great political conflict but also fertile intercultural exchange. Texts include the Chanson de Roland, Floire et Blancheflor, Marco Polo’s Livre des merveilles de Constantinople, the Fille du Comte de Ponthieu, Montesquieu’s Lettres persanes. Prerequisite, French 211 or 212 or the equivalent. Offered occasionally Maximum enrollment, 16.

415 S Out in the City: Nineteenth-Century Paris.
Examination of the ways in which an increasingly modern Paris looms large in the 19th-century imagination. Explores developments in the arts (drawing, caricature and photography) and writing (journalism and literature) to examine topics such as money, pleasure, looking, flanerie, fashion, social class and gender within the context of urban decay and renewal. Attention to the historical and social geography of Paris complements study of writers such as Balzac, Girardin, Baudelaire and Zola and artists such as Daumier, Nadar, and the impressionists. (Proseminar.) Prerequisite, one 300-level course or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 16. Morgan.

[418] Place and Space in 20th/21st-Century French Literature and Film.
The course will focus on novels and films which titles include a place name. It will explore how place and space shape characters, their past, and aspiration for the future, and how texts shape those spaces in words and images. We will speak about "l'espace littéraire et l'espace filmique" to deepen our understanding of the relationship between text and place. Reading list includes Hiroshima mon amour (duras); Quartier perdu (Modiano); Onitsha (Le Clezio), and contemporary novels by Oster and Toussaint. Films will include Le Havre, Outremer, some films with "Paris" in their titles. Prerequisite, Study abroad, or 300. Very strong students with 211 or 212. Maximum enrollment, 12.

[420 F] Women's Writing in Contemporary France.
Examination of current trends in French women’s writing with attention to the cultural locations of its various forms such as the crime novels, autofiction, memoir, and satire. Authors may include Varga, Despentes, Ernaux, Calle, Sebbar, Ndiaye, Bouraoui, Cusset, and Angot. (Proseminar.) Prerequisite, French 211, or permission of instructor. Taught in French. Maximum enrollment, 16.

[421] Romance, Revolution, and Rebels in the 19th-Century French Novel.
This course will examine emerging and competing forms of the French novel in the first half of the 19th century, exploring their engagements with romantic individualism, sentimental fictions, recent history and, ultimately, realist aesthetics. Authors studied may include Hugo, Balzac, Duras, Sand Girardin, Stendhal and Flaubert. Prerequisite, one 300-level course or consent of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 16.

423 F Gender and Immigration.
. In-depth study of authors and filmmakers of the North African and Caribbean diasporas who, while French nationals residing in metropolitan France and writing in French, are still often considered outsiders to the French literature realm. Focus on postcolonial women writer ethnic and gender stereotypes in the texts (novels, short stories, films); examination of the paratext (publishing materials, online and print media) of twentieth-century and early twenty-first century “female” postcolonial literature in France. Readings include works by Samira; Beyala; Bouraoui; Pineau. Prerequisite, One 300-level course; or instructor's permission. Maximum enrollment, 12. Claire Mouflard.

[428 F] Post-War Cinematographic Memory.
Based on three chapters of recent French history (the Occupation and the Holocaust; relationship with Algeria; May 1968 and social unrest), investigates how filmmakers mediate individual and national memories through moving images. The films will be considered in the context of recent historiographical material, theoretical discourse on cinema, and very specific cultural policies in France, as well as popular events around cinema. Includes about 10 movies. Some Friday afternoons will be reserved for film screenings. Prerequisite, one course at the 300-level or above. Maximum enrollment, 16.

[432] Picturing War in Twentieth-Century France.
Examines various representations of the wars that have marked 20th-century France. As tragic as wars are, they inspire texts in an unlimited variety of formats and media and tones (tragic, ambiguous, mundane and comical) that respond to specific needs, and impact their "public" in different ways. Course material includes 20th-century novels, fiction and documentary film; paper and electronic news media; monuments and museums, popular forms of expression (soldiers' letters, jokes, songs, games); and other visual arts. Prerequisite, one 300-level course or consent of instructor. Course may include off-campus visits. Maximum enrollment, 16.

[435] Reality as Fragment: Surrealism, the Absurd and Commitment between World War I and World War II.
Examines the artistic reaction to World War I and its anticipation of World War II with a focus on what is known as the Surrealism movement and on authors/thinkers who systematically questioned social and political assumptions about coherence and meaning through dream, studies of the self, idealism and ideology. Readings in Proust, Colette, Aragon, Breton, Malraux, Michaux and Yourcenar. Class material includes poetry, narratives and the visual arts as well as a study of Renoir's 1939 movie "La Regle du jeu." Prerequisite, French 211 or 212, or consent of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 16.

455 F The African Novel.
Critical examination of the novel’s evolution from the colonial period through independence and on to post-colonial writings. The search for authenticity and answers to problems of narrative techniques, oral and written traditions, African feminism, politics, cultures, and the role of the writer. Authors include Lomani Tshibamba, Sembene Ousmane, Nafissatou Diallo, Aoua Kéita, Daniel Biyaoula, Ahmadou Kourouma, Henri Lopes, Calixthe Beyala, Aminata Sow Fall, Ken Bugul, Mariama Bâ, and Werewere Liking. Taught in French. Prerequisite, 300-level course; or instructor's permission. Maximum enrollment, 12. Mwantuali.

550 S Honors Project.
Independent study program consisting of the preparation and oral defense of a paper in French. Only students having an average of A- or better in courses counting toward the concentration at the end of the first semester of the senior year may qualify. In order to earn honors, the candidate must receive A- or better on both the required paper and the oral defense. The Department.

Courses in translation, taught in English

160 S History of French Cinema (in English): Labor on Film.
This First-Year course offers an overview of major movements of French cinema’s long and significant history. This year’s topic is the representation of labor including films from the Lumière brothers era, post WWI poetic realism, the 1960s New Wave and militant cinema to today’s new realism and parody. The theme of work will familiarize students with French social and political history. Taught in English (films in French with English subtitles). Reading on the theory of film and French cultural history will supplement screenings. The class may include field trips. (Social, Structural, and Institutional Hierarchies.) Open to first-year students only. Maximum enrollment, 16. Guyot-Bender.

240 F In Translation: North African Diaspora in French Literature.
Introduction of North African diaspora in France through texts in translation. The course analyzes the roots of gender and religion-based stereotypes as they affect the Muslim population. It includes considerations on the History of North-African immigration in France; the aftermath of the French-Algerian War, as well as French secularism. Reading includes novels and critical texts, online research, and films focused on the immigrant experience in France. Cannot count toward the French and Francophone Studies major or minor. Taught in English. No knowledge of French or Arabic required. Claire Mouflard.