Art History

Throughout history, societies have defined, perpetuated and transformed themselves through their art. Art history at Hamilton focuses on understanding the rich cultural and historical contexts in which art is created and experienced.

Art History today is a field of study that has undergone important changes in response to contemporary intellectual and social developments. Many of the department’s courses, beginning with introductory courses, incorporate significant aspects of these changes, challenging students with new and different questions to ask, new ways of asking old questions, and fostering students'' ability to see and think critically.

The Art History Department offers several different courses at the introductory level each year and each faculty member in the Department teaches at least one of the courses every year based on their specific interests and expertise. This encourages students to experience a range of topics and approaches. In addition, most courses at the 200-level are open to beginning students without prerequisites.

120 F Introduction to the History and Theory of Film.
A general introduction to the wide world of cinema and cinema studies, focusing on crucial films from many cinematic traditions. Topics include the evolution of film from earlier forms of motion picture, the articulation and exploitation of a narrative language for cinema, the development of typical commercial genres, and the appearance of a variety of forms of critical cinema. Focuses on basic film terminology, with the cinematic apparatus and ongoing theoretical conversation about cinema and its audience. (Same as Literature 120 and Cinema and Media Studies 120.) MacDonald.

130 F,S Introduction to Visual Studies.
Our world is saturated by images, from the screens that surround us to retinal projection, yet most of us struggle to interpret what we see. We are immersed in visual technologies that shape our behavior, from computer games to AR, yet few of us know how such technologies are created. The course introduces students to a critical examination of images both by tracing current visual technologies to their historical origins and by working with emerging technologies to produce such applied examples as: logo design, digital mapping, and 3-D modeling within the context of a Digital Studio component. (Proseminar.) (Same as Cinema and Media Studies 130.) Maximum enrollment, 16. James Bloom.

[145 F] Differencing the Visible: Perspectives on African-American Art and the Black Historical Experience.
Traces the cultural achievements and struggles of African-American artists, both men and women, to make a people and a world they had known visible, and to be true to those who were misrepresented or erased entirely from the visibility of American history. The goals of the course are to foster an historical memory, intuitive empathy, and responsive understanding of the works of African-American artists, in the context of the societal and historical circumstances in which they were produced. (Proseminar.) Maximum enrollment, 16.

152 F Intersections in Global Art.
In this course we will look closely at 32 objects (roughly one per day) that embody significant intersections among different cultures and/or periods. The objects range from a prehistoric African axe to contemporary street art in Athens, Greece. We will be learning about how to look at works of art and how to effectively express our thoughts about them in spoken and written words. (Writing-intensive.) (Proseminar). Open to first- and second-year students only. Maximum enrollment, 16. McEnroe. (Writing-intensive.) (Proseminar.) Open to first- and second-year students only. Maximum enrollment, 16. McEnroe.

[153] Proseminar in Architectural History: Architecture as Political Communication.
An introduction to the study of architecture focusing on the ways in which architectural monuments create, reinforce, or disrupt political, socioeconomic, and religious hierarchies. Class time will include discussion and examination of buildings around Hamilton’s campus. (Writing-intensive.) (Proseminar.) Maximum enrollment, 16.

154 F Arts and Cultures of Asia.
An introduction to the traditional arts of India, China and Japan. Discussion focusing on the cultural and aesthetic values, religio-philosophical beliefs and historical conditions informing the practice of art and its reception within these cultures. Goldberg.

[155 F] Copies, Forgeries, and Fakes.
The class examines our obsession with originality by focusing upon what may be understood as its opposite: the copy. Copies play a pivotal part in the history of art, from Roman copies of Greek sculptures to the role of copying in artists’ training to reproductive art forms such as prints and photographs that are, in effect, “copies.” Closely related to the concept of the copy are forgeries and fakes, which present themselves as “originals” yet destabilize the very foundations of the term. Ultimately, the class addresses how we establish notions of artistic value by looking at the overlooked. (Proseminar.) Maximum enrollment, 16.

218 F The Social Life of Prints.
The array of functions exhibited by printed works in Western visual culture is remarkable: prints served, among other things, as a form of mass communication; as scientific records of the natural world; and as an affordable imitation of paintings. More broadly, prints stimulated the visual and critical skills necessary to negotiate cultures that were increasingly saturated by images. As such, particular attention will be paid to the technologies of the print medium, to the relationships between making and meaning, and to the critical value of prints for the interpretation of images in general. James Bloom.

230 S The Portrait from Pharaoh to Facebook.
The course is both a chronological study of portraiture and an exploration of the complex strategies by which individuals and groups have deployed visual forms to construct representations of their identities. We will explore the myriad purposes to which such representations have been put, including tomb effigies and commemoration, state-certified identification, mug shots, and the digital construction of self. Ultimately, we will try to better understand the power and persistence of the portrait genre, from self-portraits to wax seals, from selfies to statues, and from pharaoh to Facebook. James Bloom.

231 F Art & Feminism.
This course examines the ways feminist ideas have challenged us to re-think art & art history, both past & present, particularly with respect to feminism’s mandate to consider race, class, sexuality, and other aspects of social location alongside the interrogation of gender. Thematic concerns include the institutions & structural conditions within which marginalized artists have worked and continue to work; the challenges of representation & self-representation that black/queer/female artists encounter; and the innovative forms of feminist art & activism that have shaped culture more broadly (Same as Women's and Gender Studies 231.) Susan Jarosi.

[235 S] Artists' Writings.
Why do visual artists write? What purposes do their writings serve? The course considers these questions in both historical and current artistic contexts. Beginning with early twentieth-century manifestos and extending to artists’ statements, correspondence, and interviews, it examines the vast literature in which artists have discussed their intentions and values and have elaborated, theorized, and contextualized their own work. It also considers language-based conceptual art, where text is presented as the “art object” and experimental forms of artists’ writings that resist categorization. Prerequisite, One 200-level course in Art History.

238 F Installation Art.
What, exactly, defines installation art? This course investigates the historical, cultural, and disciplinary circumstances through which what we now call "installation art" came to be the defining medium of late-twentieth and twenty-first century artistic production. Susan Jarosi.

[245 S] Hindu, Buddhist and Islamic Arts of India.
An introduction to Hindu, Buddhist and Islamic traditions of art and architecture in India, as well as the art and architecture of the colonial and post-colonial periods.

[248 F] Paths to Enlightenment: The Art and Architecture of Buddhism.
This course examines Buddhist art from its rise and development in India to its transmission and transformation across Asia. Particular attention is given to the continuities and discontinuities within this multifaceted tradition of artistic practice as it adapts to and evolves within different cultures and their indigenous belief systems and artistic practices. At the center of this inquiry is a fundamental question: How may we understand the distinguishing features of Buddhist works of art as the culturally specific expression of both artistic and religious values? (Writing-intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20.

254 F Courtier, Samurai, Priest and Chonin: The Arts of Japan.
A historical examination of the social and aesthetic values and sensibilities expressed in the indigenous arts associated with the court aristocracy, samurai warrior, Zen priest and chonin or townsman. Japanese material culture, including painting, calligraphy, sculpture, architecture, gardens, kimono, ceramics and the tea ceremony. Goldberg.

258 F Political Power and Cultural Authority: The Arts of China.
Historical examination of the ethico-aesthetic, religio-philosophical and socio-political values expressed in the indigenous arts associated with the imperial court, the scholar's studio, the marketplace and the subtle art of dissent. Chinese material culture, including painting, calligraphy, sculpture, ceramics, jade, ritual bronzes, architecture and silk robes. Goldberg.

262 S Greece, Rome, and the Mediterranean.
Traditionally we have studied ancient Greece and Rome in isolation from the surrounding world, as places that shaped the beginnings of “western” civilization. This course takes a broader view. We shall explore the ancient Mediterranean as a place of dynamic interaction from the Levant though Egypt, North Africa, Greece, Italy, and the islands in between. Far from standing in isolation, the arts of ancient Greece and Rome participated in these transnational cultural networks. (Writing-intensive.) (Same as Classics 262.) Maximum enrollment, 20. McEnroe.

[266 F] Art of the Islamic World.
Begins with the emergence of Islam in the 7th century and continues to the present. Emphasis will be on how early Islamic art and architecture drew on Classical, Sassanian, and Byzantine forms; the development of Islamic art in response to the religion’s spread into Asia, Africa, and Europe; comparisons of sacred and secular space; developments in art and architecture associated with various dynasties (Umayyad, Abbasid, Fatimid, Ottoman, and Mughal, among others); and perceptions of religious outsiders within Islamic culture as well as perceptions of Islam by religious outsiders

[270 F] Medieval Art and Architecture.
Examines the arts of Europe and the Mediterranean from the Early Christian to the Gothic periods. Major questions include: Why do these objects and buildings look the way they do? How did medieval people use and think about them? Did different types of people – monks, nuns, nobles, city dwellers – use and think about them differently? What roles did the arts play in interactions among Romans, “barbarians,” Christians, Jews, and Muslims? Our objects of study will include architecture, sculpture, paintings, mosaics, metalwork, and manuscripts.

280 F Economic Histories of Art.
Economic Histories of the Arts explores the implications of considering art through the lens of economic history. It shifts the focus to looking at art as a commodity, rather than the product of individual creative expression – as things that are bought and traded, sold and re-sold. The course pursues these topics both chronologically and thematically: examining modes of production; art markets and valuation; and the roles of artists, patrons, dealers, and collectors from the fifteenth century to the present. (Speaking-Intensive.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Susan Jarosi.

282 S Art in Renaissance Italy.
An examination and reevaluation of Renaissance art. Topics include the relations between art and craft, the social functions of art, gender and ethnic stereotypes. McEnroe.

284 F Northern Renaissance Art.
This course explores the distinctive ways in which art was crafted and consumed in northern Europe during the age of Renaissance and Reformation. We will examine paintings and prints, propaganda and princely splendor, and carved altarpieces and ceremonial armor against the backdrop of both city and court, while considering issues of religious function, social use, and the economic history of the arts. The course also fosters a critical awareness of the methods of art history by drawing attention to scholarship on Northern art that has, in many ways, laid the foundations for modernity. James Bloom.

286 S Art in the Age of the Enlightenment.
The 18th century in Europe and its overseas dominions seen as a watershed between a rational and an empirical attitude to nature and reality. The rococo, sentimental and picturesque/sublime traditions and their assimilation into neoclassicism. Attention given to the landscape garden and the decorative arts as well as architecture, painting and sculpture. B Ferguson.

287 F Art and Social Change.
“Art and Social Change” explores the history of artistic production as political activism. From the early efforts of painters and sculptors in the nineteenth century to more recent developments in experimental media – ranging from performance art, street art, and institutional critique to documentary studies and even activism itself – artists have offered not only social critique but also attempted direct political intervention. Whether addressed to issues of race, class, gender, environmentalism, or globalization, this course grapples with art’s ability to affect social change. (Proseminar.) Maximum enrollment, 16. Susan Jarosi.

290 S Facing Reality: A History of Documentary Cinema.
The history of cinema as representation and interpretation of "reality," focusing on nonfiction film and video from a variety of periods and geographic locales. Emphasis on the ways in which nonfiction films can subvert viewers'' conventional expectations and their personal security. Forms to be discussed include the city symphony, ethnographic documentary, propaganda, nature film, direct cinema, cinéma vérité, the compilation film and personal documentary. (Same as Literature 290 and Cinema and Media Studies 290.) MacDonald.

[291 S] American Film Comedy: Classic and Modern.
An exploration and analysis of major contributions to the history of American film comedy, from its origins in slapstick to the flowering of silent physical comedy in the 1910s and 20s (performer/directors Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton, Harold Lloyd); to the sophisticated comedy that dominated the early decades of sound (directors Ernst Lubitsch, George Cukor, Howard Hawks, Billy Wilder); to attempts in the 1960s and 70s to rethink comedy by commercial directors and independent filmmakers working "underground" (George Kuchar, John Waters); to recent work that has built on this tradition. (Same as Cinema and Media Studies 291.)

[292 F] Modern Architecture: 1750 to the Present.
Begins with the emergence of Neoclassical architecture in mid-18th-century Europe and continues to the present. Emphasis will be on developments in Europe and North America in the 18th and 19th centuries before turning to the spread of modernism and developments in global contemporary architecture. We will explore connections between architecture and urbanism, Nationalism, political power, technology, and ecology, as well as the roles of gender, race, and class in the creation and use of architecture.

[293] Modernist Art.
Developments in European and American art from the beginnings of Modernism through the emergence of Contemporary Art. Topics include the effects of shifting social and gender roles on subject matter and audience, the hegemony of formalist aesthetics and avant-gardism, the relationship between art and popular culture, the role of the audience, and the role of art institutions.

295 S History of Performance Art.
History of Performance Art investigates the international developments in performance art after 1950. It considers the experimental strategies and ideological aims of visual artists who used their bodies as the primary vehicle of expression, information, communication, and social change. Performance art has had the distinction of being the most censored art form, a highly significant social fact that draws attention to its particularly disruptive aesthetic codes and materials – emphasizing presentation over representation; human bodies over inanimate objects; and temporality over spatiality. (Proseminar.) Maximum enrollment, 16. Susan Jarosi.

296 S Global Contemporary Art.
Global Contemporary Art surveys the expanding definitions, contexts, and forms of art in the late twentieth- and early twenty-first centuries, paying particular attention to the significance of artistic agency, artists’ writings, globalization, the art market, and political engagement and social transformation. Susan Jarosi.

301 F Avant Garde: Cinema as Theory and Critique.
A history of alternatives to commercial movies, focusing on surrealist and dadaist film, visual music, psychodrama, direct cinema, the film society movement, personal cinema, the New American Cinema, structuralism, Queer cinema, feminist cinema, minor cinema, recycled cinema and devotional cinema. While conventional entertainment films use the novel, the short story and the stage drama as their primary instigations, experimental and avant-garde films are analogous to music, poetry, painting, sculpture and collage. Not open to first-year students. (Same as Cinema and Media Studies 301 and Literature 301.) MacDonald.

310 F From Collecting to Curating: American Art, 1900 to 1950.
Exploration of the process and theory of art collecting and curating, taught in conjunction with the preparation of a virtual and physical exhibition. Emphasis on the history of American art and the development of American museums. Students will learn interview and oral presentation skills, and will work collaboratively on exhibition materials, including object selection and layout, catalog and wall text production, and multimedia materials such as podcasts. Required field trip October 10 to October 12, 2019. Prerequisite, One course in Art History or One course in Studio Art. Maximum enrollment, 16. Rob Knight and Michael Shapiro (Special Adjunct appointment).

330 F Theory and Methods in Art History.
Changing interpretations of art from the Renaissance to the present: biography, connoisseurship, formalism, iconology, feminist and postmodern theory. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level course in art history. Maximum enrollment, 20. McEnroe.

352 F Chinese Visual Culture, 1850-Present: From Modernization to Globalization.
Examines the radical transformations in Chinese visual culture in the post-Mao era (1976-present): painting and calligraphy, sculpture and photography, installation and performance art. Topics include the impact of transnational forces of cultural and economic globalization, artistic expressions of cultural identity, historical memory, personal subjectivity and voice independent of the official government line, the rise of a Chinese avant-garde movement, art after Tiananmen, and the place of contemporary Chinese art within a global perspective . (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, 154, 293 or consent of instructor. Maximum enrollment, 20. Goldberg.

353 S Representing Trauma in the Visual Arts.
How have conceptualizations of trauma evolved since 1945? What are the therapeutic and social consequences of representing trauma? How has visual art advanced our understanding of traumatic subjectivity, experience, and memory? This interdisciplinary course follows a historical trajectory from the most profound of collective traumas, the Holocaust, to the refinement of clinical definitions of trauma following the Vietnam War, to the advent of trauma studies in the 1990s, to the recent “pictorial turn” in scholarship on trauma as a means to examine the dynamics of trauma & its representation. Prerequisite, One 300-level course in the humanities or social sciences. Susan Jarosi.

365 S Major Figures in Cinema.
Focus on crucial contributors to the wide world of cinema. The work of one, two, or three particular filmmakers, each from a different sector of the geography of cinema, will be examined in detail. Prerequisite, ARTH/CNMS/CPLIT 120; or ARTH/CNMS/CPLIT 290; or ARTH/CNMS/CPLIT 301; or permission of the instructor. (Same as Literature 365 and Cinema and Media Studies 365.) MacDonald.

[371 S] The Gothic Cathedral: Architecture, Art, and Christian Practice in Europe, c 1140-1300.
Gothic cathedrals are among the most striking buildings in cities across Europe. We will consider these cathedrals in their political, social, economic, and religious contexts, including their beginnings within the political setting of Capetian France; their spread through Europe; how they were funded and constructed; the political functions they had; how people used and thought about them; what types of objects filled them; and what cathedrals and the artworks that decorate(d) them tell us about how later medieval Christians thought about themselves and about religious outsiders. Prerequisite, One 200-level Art History course or permission of the instructor.

406 S Senior Seminar in Modern Art.
Examination of art historical topics addressing modernist art between 1900-1970. Includes the development of the Senior Project, from topic selection and bibliography to reviews of research skills and conceptual and theoretical frameworks resulting in a final essay or project formally presented before the Department. Open to senior concentrators only, or by consent of the instructor. Prerequisite: AH 293 Prerequisite, 293. Maximum enrollment, 12. Pokinski.

407 S Senior Seminar in Global Contemporary Art.
Examination of art historical topics addressed to global art since 1960. Includes the development of the Senior Project, from topic selection and bibliography development to reviews of research skills and conceptual and theoretical frameworks resulting in a final essay or project formally presented before the Department. Open to senior concentrators only, or by consent of the instructor. Maximum enrollment, 12. Susan Jarosi.