Born in Vienna, Austria, Toegel studied at the University of Vienna and earned her bachelor's and master's degrees at Tufts University and her doctorate from the University of Washington. She has been a Hamilton faculty member since 1993, specializing in 19th and 20th century German and Austrian literature and culture. Her articles have appeared in German Life and Letters, Oxford German Studies, Forum for Modern Language Studies, and Modern Austrian Literature. Her critical biography of the life of Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, a 19th century Austrian writer, was published in 1997. Toegel held the position of associate dean of students/study abroad from 2002-2006.