Spinoza’s Ethics of ratio: discovering and applying a Spinozan model of human nature,” by Professor of Religious Studies Heidi Ravven, was recently published in the journal Ethics and Education. The article originated in the keynote address Ravven gave last fall in an international colloquium at Sweden’s University of Malmö.

In her paper, Ravven argues that 17th-century philosopher Baruch Spinoza “attributes to society the role of moral educator.” She explores “what Spinoza means by his ‘construction of a model of human nature’ and what purposes it serves in his understanding of the ethical life and how to teach ethics and put in place an effective plan of moral education.”

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