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Hamilton College Gay Issues Poll


Appendix

Responses to all questions in weighted percentages

Figures in parentheses indicate total number of respondents answering each question (out of sample of 1,003). Refusals and volunteered "don't know" responses are excluded from percentages and totals.

1. GAY ISSUES
LEGAL
Do you think homosexual relations between consenting adults should or should not be legal?

 
%
1) Favor
71.0
2) Oppose
29.0
TOTAL
100.0
 
(911)

JOBDISC
Do you favor or oppose laws to protect gays against job discrimination?

 
%
1) Favor
79.0
2) Oppose
21.0
TOTAL
100.0
 
(932)

HATECRM
Do you favor or oppose laws to protect gays against hate crimes, such as vandalism or physical attacks, directed against them because they are homosexuals?

 
%
1) Favor
87.8
2) Oppose
12.2
TOTAL
100.0
 
(975)

GAYBS
Should an openly gay man be permitted to serve as a Boy Scout troop leader if he is otherwise qualified?

 
%
1) Favor
70.5
2) Oppose
29.5
TOTAL
100.0
 
(932)

MILITARY
As you may know, gay men and lesbians are allowed to serve in the military, but ONLY if they do not reveal their homosexuality or engage in homosexual activity. Which of the following three options do you prefer? 1. Do you favor keeping this current policy? 2. Changing to a policy that would allow homosexuals to serve OPENLY in the military, or 3. Changing to a policy that would NOT allow homosexuals to serve in the military at all?

 
%
1) Current
51.9
2) Openly
40.1
3) Not Allow
8.0
Total
100.0
 
(983)

MARRIAGE
Do you think marriages between homosexuals should or should not be recognized by law as valid with the same rights as traditional marriage?

 
%
1) Should
66.0
2) Shouldn't
34.0
TOTAL
100.0
 
(933)

ADOPT
Do you think gay or lesbian couples should or should not be allowed to adopt children?

 
%
1) Should
68.0
2) Shouldn't
32.0
TOTAL
100.0
 
(926)

2. ATTITUDES TOWARD GAYS
Response categories for these items were strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree.

CONTRIB
Gay people contribute in unique and positive ways to society

 
%
1) StrAg
18.9
2) Agree
58.2
3) Disagr
17.3
4) StrDisag
5.7
TOTAL
100.0
 
(863)

LESBACPT
Lesbian women should be accepted by society

 
%
1) StrAg
26.1
2) Agree
60.0
3) Disagr
9.4
4) StrDisag
4.6
TOTAL
100.0
 
(965)

GAYACPT
Gay men should be accepted by society

 
%
1) StrAg
25.4
2) Agree
59.8
3) Disagr
9.4
4) StrDisag
5.4
TOTAL
100.0
 
(961)

CLOSET
Gay people have a right to exist but they should keep their sexuality private and hidden

 
%
1) StrAg
13.4
2) Agree
31.0
3) Disagr
44.2
4) StrDisag
11.4
TOTAL
100.0
 
(927)

WRONG
Gay lifestyles are morally wrong

 
%
1) StrAg
18.3
2) Agree
20.5
3) Disagr
38.1
4) StrDisag
23.2
TOTAL
100.0
 
(932)

LESBDISG
Lesbians are disgusting

 
%
1) StrAg
7.1
2) Agree
15
3) Disagr
48.4
4) StrDisag
29.5
TOTAL
100.0
 
(920)

GAYDISG
Gay men are disgusting

 
%
1) StrAg
11.5
2) Agree
18.9
3) Disagr
42.9
4) StrDisag
26.6
TOTAL
100.0
 
(922)

INDXTOLER
Index of attitudes toward gays created from CONTRIB, LESACPT, GAYACPT, CLOSET, WRONG, LESBDISG, GAYDISG, . ProGay indicates average response of 2 (agree) or less on positive items re. gays (e.g., "Gay people contribute ... to society") and 3 (disagree) or more on negative items (e.g., "[G]ay people should keep their sexuality hidden.") for original variables. Negative indicates average of 3 (disagree) or more on positive items (Individual scores are based on all items answered by each respondent. Unanswered items are excluded from calculations).

 
%
1) ProGay
51.1
2) Negative
48.9
TOTAL
100.0
 
(1,003)

3. DEMOGRAPHICS

REGION
Northeast = as far south as MD and DC. South = Southeast, extending to VA, WV, and TX. Central = Great Lakes, Midwest extending to TN, KY, OK. West = Mountain States to Pacific.

 
%
1) N/EAST
20.0
2) SOUTH
28.4
3) CENTR
29.0
4) WEST
22.6
TOTAL
100.0
 
(1,003)

SEX

 
%
1)Male
46.9
2) Female
53.1
TOTAL
100.0
 
(1,003)

PLACE
Which best describes the place you live? Rural area; Suburbs; Town or city under 100,000; Medium-sized city, between 100,000 and 500,000; Large city, over 500,000.

 
%
1) Rural
25.1
2) Suburb
21.6
3) Und100k
22.8
4) 100-500k
19.7
5) Ov500k
10.8
TOTAL
100.0
 
(997)

TWOPARENTS
Do you live with both parents?

 
%
1)Yes
75.7
2) No
24.3
TOTAL
100.0
 
(1,003)

PARENTS
Do you live with your mother only, your father only, your mother and stepfather, or your father and stepmother, or in some other family arrangement? (Asked of those who answered No to 2PARENTS)

 
%
1) MotherOnly
49.8
2) FatherOnly
14.7
3) Mother&Step
17.3
4) Father&Step
11.1
5) Other
7.1
TOTAL
100.0
 
(242)

PAED
How much education did your father complete? 1. Did not complete high school 2. High school 3. Some college 4. College graduate 5. Postgraduate education

 
#
1) Not HS
6.8
2) HS
30.7
3) SomeCol
22.4
4) ColGrad
27.8
5) PostGrad
12.3
TOTAL
100.0
 
(959)

MAED
How much education did your mother complete? 1. Did not complete high school 2. High school 3. Some college 4. College graduate 5. Postgraduate education ( MA-ED )

 
#
1) Not HS
5.6
2) HS
39.5
3) SomeCol
21.4
4) ColGrad
23.0
5) PostGrad
10.6
TOTAL
100.0
 
(967)

INCOME
If you had to guess, what will your family's income be this year?

 
#
1)Und$25k
8.1
2) $25-50k
34.1
3) $50-75k
28.5
4) $75k-100k
15.0
5) Ov$100k
14.4
TOTAL
100.0
 
(820)

RACE/ETH
Which category best describes your ethnic or racial background?

 
#
1)White
70.8
2) Black
10.6
3) Hispanic
10.7
4) Asian
3.0
5) Othr/Mix
5.0
TOTAL
100.0
 
(998)

4. RELIGION/POLITICAL PARTY

RELIGION
Do you consider yourself Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, some other religion or no religion at all?

 
#
1)Prot
25.3
2) Cath
30.5
3) Jewish
1.6
4) Othr
27.3
5) NoRel
15.3
TOTAL
100.0
 
(985)

BORNAGN2
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical or born-again Christian?

 
%
1)Yes
28.0
2) No
72.0
TOTAL
100.0
 
(1,002)

RELIGIOUS
How many times, if any, did you attend a religious service during the last month?

 
%
1) None
24.1
2) One
7.4
3) Two
11.7
4) Three
9.2
5) Four
18.7
6) Five
6.8
7) Six
4.2
8) Seven
1.4
9) Eight
3.9
10) Nine
0.4
11) Ten+
12.3
TOTAL
100.0
 
(831)

PARTY
Which political party do you most prefer: the Democrats or the Republicans?

 
%
1)Democrats
53.1
2) Republicans
46.9
TOTAL
100.0
 
(774)

5. POSTGRADUATION PLANS

SERVICE
Have you ever considered enlisting in the military?

 
%
1)Yes
38.5
2) No
61.5
TOTAL
100.0
 
(1,000)

COLLEGE
Have you applied for admission to a four-year college or university next fall?

 
%
1)Yes
68.3
2) No
31.7
TOTAL
100.0
 
(1,003)

6. PARENTAL OPINION/WHY GAY?/KNOWING GAYS.

HOME
If you brought a friend home who happened to be gay, how do you think your parents would react? Would they be accepting, partially accepting, or not accepting at all?

 
%
1) Accept
39.9
2) PartialAc
41.0
3) NotAc
19.1
TOTAL
100.0
 
(968)

YGAY
In your opinion, what causes someone to be gay? Is it something that people are born with? Is it something that develops because of the way people are brought up, or is it just the way that some people choose to live?

 
%
1) Born 22.6
2) BrUp 15.5
3) Choose 61.9
TOTAL 100.0
  (895)

OPENGAY
Thinking of all the people you know, either well or even only casually - do you know of anyone who is openly gay?

 
%
1)Yes 69.0
2) No 31.0
TOTAL 100.0
  (1001)

CLOSE
Have any of your friends, relatives or close acquaintances let you know they are gay or lesbian? (Not asked of respondents who answered No on OPENGAY.)

 
%
1)Yes 58.1
2) No 41.9
TOTAL 100.0
  (692)

MAYBEGAY
Do you know of anyone who you think is gay?

 
%
1) Yes 72.3
2) No 27.7
TOTAL 100.0
  (990)

KNOWGAYS?
Acquaintance with gays. CLOSE = someone close who is openly gay. OPEN = openly gay but not close. MAYBE = may be gay but not close or open. NONE = None of these. [Created from CLOSE, OPEN, MAYBE]

 
%
1) Close 40.4
2) Open 28.9
3) Maybe 15.8
4) None 14.6
TOTAL 100.0
  (996)

7. HIGH SCHOOLS

SKOL
Is your high school public, Catholic, or private school?

 
%
1) Public 90.8
2) Catholic 4.5
3) Private 4.7
TOTAL 100.0
  (1,003)

SKOLSIZE
Approximately how big is it?

 
%
1) Und500 21.4
2) 500-1000 26.2
3) 1000-2000 33.5
4) Ov 2000 18.9
TOTAL 100.0
  (992)

GAYHS
As far as you know, are there students at your school who are openly homosexual - that is students who let people know that they are gay or lesbian?

 
%
1) Yes 58.7
2) No 41.3
TOTAL 100.0
  (975)

SOGAY
Do students at your school use the phrase 'That's so gay' to talk about something they don't like?

 
%
1) Yes 87.8
2) No 12.2
TOTAL 100.0
  (994)

INSULTS
Have you ever heard anyone insult another student who is believed to be gay by calling them, to their face, faggot, homo, dyke or anything like that?

 
%
1) Yes 49.1
2) No 50.9
TOTAL 100.0
  (1,001)

GSA
Many high schools have organizations to support homosexual students. Sometimes they are called Gay-Straight Alliances. Does your school have a group like that?

 
%
1) Yes 13.0
2) No 87.0
TOTAL 100.0
  (963)

CLASSES
Have issues concerning homosexuality or gay rights been discussed in any of the classes you have taken in high school?

 
%
1) Yes 46.8
2) No 53.2
TOTAL 100.0
  (989)

DISCUSS
Do you feel that these issues should be discussed in high school classes?

 
%
1) Yes 76.3
2) No 23.7
TOTAL 100.0
  (967)

8. COMFORT WITH GAYS

TEACHER
Here are some situations in which you might encounter a gay person. For each situation tell me if you would feel comfortable, uncomfortable or somewhere in between. For example, imagine that you are taking a class taught by a gay man. Do you feel comfortable, uncomfortable or somewhere in between?

 
%
1) Comf 62.1
2) Between 28.3
3) Uncomf 9.5
TOTAL 100.0
  (998)

LAB
Your lab partner, who is the same sex that you are, is gay

 
%
1) Comf 43.1
2) Between 28.9
3) Uncomf 28.0
TOTAL 100.0
  (989)

TEAMMATE
You are on an athletic team with a gay person and you use the same locker room

 
%
1) Comf 38.0
2) Between 27.7
3) Uncomf 34.3
TOTAL 100.0
  (987)

COUPLES
You are at a party with both gay and straight couples

 
%
1) Comf 31.5
2) Between 27.8
3) Uncomf 40.7
TOTAL 100.0
  (994)

INDXCOMF
Index of comfort with gays. Equal to number of "Comfortable" responses on TEACHER, LAB, TEAMMATE, COUPLES.

 
%
0 27.1
1 22.5
2 17.3
3 16.4
4 16.7
TOTAL 100.0
  (1,003)

9. HOW CERTAIN?

BEFORE
Before you answered this poll, how often had you discussed or thought about gay issues?

 
%
1) Never 10.5
2) Seldom 33.6
3) Sometms 39.1
4) Often 16.8
TOTAL 100.0
  (1,003)

CERTAIN
Some people are very certain in their opinions about gay issues, like the ones we've asked about. Others are still making up their minds about these issues. How would you describe the certainty of your own opinions?
 

 
%
1) VryCertain 47.7
2) FairlyCert 44.7
3) FairlyUncert 6.1
4) VryCert 1.5
TOTAL 100.0
  (984)

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