Getting Started in a Concentration
Students interested in majoring in Africana Studies should aim to take AFRST 101 in their first year, and AFRST 201 as early as possible. These courses fill up quickly, so if you are interested in concentrating in Africana Studies you should express this interest to the instructor as soon as possible.
Contact the department chair or another faculty member in the department if you are thinking of majoring or double majoring.
At the center of the American studies curriculum are an introductory course (AMST 201) and an intensive seminar, taken in the junior or senior year (300-level or higher). Students also take selected courses in U.S. literature (two at the 200-level or higher) and history (two at the 200-level or higher, with approval from the program director). From this base, students work closely with their faculty mentors to chart their own academic paths. Contact the program chair for more information.
To get started in a cultural anthropology concentration, students should take one of the introductory courses in anthropology. Eventually, you should take one course each within three areas. The areas include cultural anthropology (Anthropology 113), linguistic anthropology (Anthropology 201), and archaeology (Archaeology 106).
To get started in an archaeology concentration, students should take one of the introductory courses in anthropology. Eventually, you should take one course each within two areas: archaeology (Archaeology 106) and cultural and linguistic anthropology (Anthropology 113).
Students may begin an art concentration with an introductory class in any of the following areas: Animation, Ceramics, Drawing, Figure Drawing, Painting, Photography, Sculpture, or Video.
Students interested in concentrating should see the chair of the department as early as possible. The department maintains a pre-registration policy to ensure art concentrators get a seat in their required studio courses. Some advanced courses are only offered once a year so require careful study abroad and/or double concentration planning.
Introductory courses fill quickly. Students who are not registered for a class but are interested in art should express their interest to the professor and sign up for the wait list.
The department offers four different introductory (100-level) courses. None is required for the concentration, but if a student has no previous experience with art history, they are a good starting point and may count later as one of the required electives. Because the 100-level courses have small enrollments limits, they can be difficult to get into. AH 152 is taught each semester, the others every year, so students have the opportunity to try again. If a student is particularly interested in the history of architecture, we strongly recommend taking one of the introductory architecture courses (AH 153) as soon as possible.
If students have had an AP art history course or other art history experience in high school, we recommend that they enroll in a 200-level course, particularly AH 258, 254, 282, 292 or 293; most of these have no prerequisite and all also fulfill a concentration requirement.
If a student is seriously considering art history as a concentration, he or she should arrange to speak with the chair as soon as possible, especially if they want to study abroad.
Students interested in concentrating in Asian studies can select one of three study tracks: China studies, Japan studies, or India studies. All majors must: (1) study an Asian language to the level of 140; (2) take AS180; and (3) take Asian culture and society courses in at least three of the following departments—Anthropology, Art History, East Asian Languages and Literatures (e.g., linguistics, language acquisition, literature, and film courses), English, Government, History, Religious Studies, and Theatre. Students are strongly encouraged to begin taking a language course in their first semester at Hamilton, unless they test out of this requirement through prior preparation. Students should take AS180, ideally by the end of their sophomore year.
The departments of biology and chemistry offer an interdisciplinary concentration in biochemistry/molecular biology. The concentration is administered by a committee consisting of representatives of the two departments. To begin a concentration in biochemistry and molecular biology, introductory biology and chemistry courses should be taken in the respective departments. See biology and chemistry.
Beginning with the class of 2022, all students will begin study of Biology by taking one of the many topical sections of Biology 100 and completing the associated common laboratory. Following successful completion of Bio 100, students are eligible to enroll in 200 level Biology courses. After completion of Bio 100, Pre-med students will need to take at least one 200-level biology course with a laboratory to complete the two semester laboratory biology requirement. Students having obtained a 5 on the Biology AP exam may receive 1 college credit after completion of Bio 100 with a minimum grade of B or better (AP credit may not be applied to the concentration requirements).
Students interested in concentrating in Chemistry, Biochemistry/Molecular Biology or Chemical Physics and/or students interested in medical school or other health professions are strongly encouraged to begin their study of Chemistry at Hamilton in their first semester. Introductory chemistry courses are only offered in the fall semester so students who do not enroll in chemistry in the fall semester must wait until their sophomore year to begin their study of chemistry (unless they have an exceptional chemistry background and can place directly into Organic Chemistry I). Since 100- and 200-level chemistry courses must be taken in a defined sequence, students will have more flexibility to study abroad and/or complete a double concentration if they begin chemistry in their first year. In addition, we typically have 8-10 summer research opportunities available for rising sophomores who have completed a year of college chemistry.
Introductory chemistry students have the option to take either Chem 120 or 125 in the fall. Both provide an appropriate foundation for subsequent work in chemistry and for students intending to pursue a pre-health curriculum.
Lecture sections of Chem 120 will contain approximately forty students and will provide a broad overview of the central principles and theories of chemistry. The Chem 120 lab meets weekly with students doing an experiment and attending a student-led tutorial session in alternating weeks. The experiments are intended to explore specific chemical concepts and to familiarize students with a range of standard laboratory techniques while the tutorials focus on teaching a particular analytical or presentation skill in each session. Chem 120 is open to all students.
Chem 125, which has an enrollment limit of twenty-four and is generally open to first-year students only, is intended for students with a strong interest in science and/or medicine who wish to engage with the material beyond its fundamentals. Lectures will discuss the central ideas of chemistry and its applications, and the laboratory component is a discovery-based, semester-long investigation that addresses analytical and chemical approaches to environmental chemistry and toxicology. Students electing to take Chem 125 should have a good high school preparation in chemistry, typically demonstrated by a 4 or 5 on the AP exam.
Students with questions about which course to elect or those who have exceptional background in chemistry should contact Karen Brewer (email@example.com) to discuss options for beginning chemistry at a more advanced level.
Students should elect Chem 190 (Organic Chemistry I) in the spring semester of their first year then enroll in Chem 255 (Organic Chemistry II) in the fall semester of their sophomore year. It is possible to start chemistry in your second year at Hamilton and complete a Chemistry, Biochemistry/Molecular Biology or Chemical Physics concentration but it requires careful planning.
Students who are interested in Chinese should start their Chinese language courses (Chinese 110 for beginners) and Chinese culture course (Chinese 150, 205) in their first year at Hamilton. These courses are prerequisites for advanced Chinese courses and Hamilton’s Chinese study abroad program ACC in Beijing. Students with prior study in Chinese should take a placement exam.
Students should start with CMS 120. After that, one course on media or cinema theory or genre: CMS 125, 201, 290, 301 or 300; and/or one course in production: ART 113, ART 116, ART 213, MUS 277, THT 130 or THR 213.
Students interested in Latin, Greek, and the ancient world may major or minor in either classical languages or classical studies. Classical languages requires substantial accomplishment in both Latin and Greek. Only one of the languages is required for classical studies. Prospective concentrators with no knowledge of Latin or Greek should make an immediate start with the appropriate 100- or 200-level language course (you can only start beginning Greek in the Spring semester). Those interested in study in Rome should also note that the best study-abroad program there, the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies (the Centro), tends to favor students who have taken both Latin and Greek.
Students considering concentrating in computer science should start by taking Computer Science 101. If starting in the fall, the first three semesters generally would look like:
Fall: 230 and 240
If starting in the spring, the first three semesters would be:
Students planning to take creative writing workshops must first take either a writing-intensive 100-level Literature course or LIT 204w (Poetry and Poetics), which is available both semesters, or LIT 222w (Chaucer), which is a fall-only course. Prospective concentrators in creative writing are not required to take a workshop in the first year; however, they must take 215 by the end of their sophomore year (earlier if they have plans to do a semester off-campus). Please note that the fall section of 215 (Introduction to Creative Writing) is NOT open to first year students. Students may not use AP scores to place directly into 215.
Concentrators in creative writing must complete the department’s language requirement.
Students interested in a dance and movement studies concentration should take a technique course (Contemporary, Martial Arts and Dance or Ballet) during the first year. It is highly recommended that concentrators enroll in a technique class each semester to advance their skill level. Since the senior projects involve original student choreography, it is important for the students to take a dance composition/choreography course during their second year.
The economics major starts with Econ 100 followed by Econ 166. Both courses are offered every semester. If you are considering majoring, it is a good idea to take these in the first year.
Students who are considering majoring or minoring in economics should be aware that Math 113 (Calculus I) or its equivalent is a prerequisite for Economics 275 (Microeconomic Theory), one of the courses required for the major and the minor. (Concentrators are required to complete Econ 275 by the end of their junior year; this course must be taken at Hamilton.) Students who are placed into Math 116 (Calculus II) by the math department will have fulfilled the calculus prerequisite for Economics 275. Thus, prospective majors or minors in economics should take one of the math placement exams.
Economics is an applied discipline and makes use of statistical analysis in many courses. Students are encouraged to take statistics classes offered by other departments as well as in the economics curriculum. However, students should note that if they take a statistics course in the Math Department (MATH 152/252/253/254/352) that they cannot subsequently enroll in ECON166 Theory and Evidence, a required course for the economics major. Economics majors who take statistics in the Math Department prior to completing ECON166 will need to consult the Economics Department chair to select an alternative economics course and an additional course taken outside the Department to meet major requirements. Students wishing to take statistics in both the math and economics curriculum may take Math254 after taking ECON166.
Econ100 assumes no prior knowledge of economics. Students who have a strong background in high school economics based on AP or IB economics (both microeconomics and macroeconomics) should consider enrolling in 166. The Economics Department AP policy is listed in the Catalogue. Students who are unsure which course to enroll in should contact the department chair.
Environmental studies is an interdisciplinary concentration, and there is no specific course that all majors must take. However, you must choose six foundational courses distributed between the concentration’s two tracks, natural sciences and social sciences/humanities. The foundational courses must include two lab science courses: one in geosciences and one in biology, chemistry, or physics. First-years often take one of the lab science courses, ES 150: Environmental Science and Society, and/or ES 250: Interpreting the American Environment. Also, Religious Studies 118: Religion and Environmentalism, is open only to first-years. When declaring an environmental studies major, you will need to choose either of the concentration’s two tracks. This decision, and your eventual thesis topic, will help determine the foundational and other courses you take toward your ES concentration. The ES concentration consists of a total of 13 courses, so if you are contemplating majoring in ES, you should begin your coursework in your first semester.
The most important thing for a major in French is to take courses consecutively and not to create “gaps” in the study of the language. These can be overcome but require extra effort when one takes back up the language. First-year students should take the placement exam in French and enroll in the course it indicates. If, after attending the course, the level does not seem appropriate to the student, speak to the professor immediately. Study abroad helps enormously with the required number of courses and, normally, awards a student credit for the civilization requirement, French 250. The Hamilton Program in France requires the completion of French 200 prior to the program.
The geosciences curriculum is quite flexible and broad and serves students in several majors. All students intending to concentrate in geoscience, environmental studies, or geoarchaeology must take one 100-level geoscience course. The department normally offers two different 100-level courses each semester. A student cannot receive credit for more than one 100-level course - a second course in geoscience must be at the 200-level. Students interested in concentrating should take an introductory course no later than fall semester of sophomore year - earlier if he/she also intends to study abroad.
German studies is an interdisciplinary concentration focusing on the language, literature, culture, historical development, and politics of German-speaking countries. The German program also offers beginning German language (110, 120), but only courses numbered 130 or above count toward the concentration. Students wishing to take advanced courses should see the departmental advisor for placement. Courses in the department that are available to first-year students include German language and/or literature courses (110, 130, 186, 200) and History 117.
Students interested in concentrating in government should take Gov. 116, 117 and either 112 or 114, all of which are required for the concentration. They are all offered every semester and can be taken in any sequence. Concentrators should take at least one of them as a writing-intensive course. Gov 117 is also required for the world politics major and is not required, but counts for the public policy major as well. Both Gov. 112 and 114 are required for the world politics major (see further details below).
Students who are interested in Spanish should start their Spanish language courses in their first year at Hamilton. Students interested in majoring or in going abroad during their junior year should take Spanish starting in their first semester and avoid “gaps” in their language study. All students planning on taking courses in Hispanic Studies must take the Spanish language placement exam prior to course selection to determine the appropriate course for their level. This includes students who have previously studied Spanish, native or heritage speakers, and students who have never studied Spanish. (Please follow the instructions on the placement exam, available online through Blackboard, blackboard.hamilton.edu)
Please note that Hamilton’s introductory course in Spanish, HSPST 115, is intensive. It meets 5 days a week and counts as 2 credits. Students enrolling in HSPST 115 should only enroll in 3 courses total in order to have 4 semester credits. Students who take this course will be ready to take HSPST 130 in the spring, or HSPST 135, which covers 130 and 140 in one semester and also counts as two units.
The Hamilton program in Madrid (HCAYS) requires the completion of HSPST 200 prior to the program.
Chair: Jessica Burke
Christian A. Johnson Hall 217
Hispanic Studies website
There are many ways to begin a history major. Students with a general interest in history may begin with any 100-level course or with an historical survey course taught at the 200-level. Non-writing intensive courses at the 100- and 200-levels are designed to create a foundation for further study by providing exposure to major themes in a broad chronological manner. Students more committed to the study of history should begin with a writing-intensive 100-level course. These courses are designed to stretch over broad time periods and beyond the history of a single nation-state often emphasizing a critical theme in historical debate. Writing-intensive 100-level courses will teach you how to think historically, how to identify and make use of primary sources, how to synthesize information, and how to write. They are particularly appropriate for first- and second-year students seeking to fulfill their College writing-intensive requirements.
Students who are interested in Japanese are strongly encouraged to start their Japanese language courses (Japanese 110 for beginners) and Japanese non-language courses in their first year at Hamilton. These courses are prerequisites for advanced Japanese courses and Japanese study abroad programs. Students with prior study in Japanese should take a placement exam.
Students interested in literary study are encouraged to take a writing-intensive course in Literature or a related department (see below) during the first-year. (Students interested in Creative Writing, see above.) The department allows students to study literature, film, and new media across the centuries and across national boundaries, as well as to create their own literary works. The flexible concentration allows students, in consultation with their departmental advisors, to pursue their particular interests.
Students who have taken AP Literature and/or Language, and have scored a 4 or 5 in either course, have the option of going straight into either LIT 204w (Poetry and Poetics) or LIT 222w (Chaucer). LIT 204w will also be offered in the spring.
Writing-intensive courses in literature taught in other languages—such as German 200w, French 200w and above or Hispanic Studies 200w or above—as well as writing-intensive courses in literature in translation or in relation to other media—such as Japanese 160 (film and animation) or Russian Studies 225w (19th-c Russian literature)—will count as a pre-requisite to upper-level courses in Literature. Those courses, as well as courses in film offered by other departments, may count, with your concentration advisor’s approval, toward a major in Literature.
Note that there are many Literature courses that students can select after their first year, even if they have not taken a first-year Literature course.
Concentrators in Literature must complete the department’s language requirement. Potential concentrators considering graduate study in literature should keep in mind that most doctoral programs require proficiency in at least one foreign language.
Getting started in the concentration is fairly straightforward: Sign up for the calculus course most appropriate for your background. We recommend the following:
- Take Math 113 if you have had no calculus or less than a year of calculus.
- Take Math 116 if you have had a year of calculus and an AB 4 or 5.
- Take Math 216 if you have had a year of calculus and a BC 4 or 5.
If you have had a year of calculus but do not fit in one of the categories above, we strongly recommend that you take the Calculus Placement Exam. If you have already taken a course in multivariable calculus, contact the chair of the department for more advanced placement.
If you want to take a statistics course, we recommend the following:
- Take Math 152 if you have had no statistics or less than a year of statistics.
- Take Math 254 if you have had a year of statistics and 4 or 5 on AP Stats.
You should be aware that if you take Math 152 or Math 254, you cannot subsequently take Econ 166, a required course for the economics concentration and minor. Students may take Math 254 after they take Econ 166.
Students considering a major in music should take music theory their first term (either 210 or 211, depending on results from the music theory placement exam). Note that 210/211 are not offered in the spring. The department strongly recommends that students enroll in 180 and/or 181 (basic aural skills/basic keyboard skills, each .25 credit) when they begin music theory classes. Students should seriously consider taking Music 100 in their first or second term, or pursuing Music 220 or 221 after taking music theory. Potential concentrators should participate in a department ensemble if possible.
Students intending to major in neuroscience should plan to complete their introductory biology, chemistry, and psychology sequences during their first two years. These courses comprise two biology courses (100 Explorations of Biology, and a 200-level course), two chemistry courses (120/125 Principles of Chemistry, and 190 Organic Chemistry I), and three psychology courses (101 Introductory Psychology, 201 Statistics/Research Methods, and either 204 Fundamentals of Human Neuroscience or 205 Fundamentals of Neurobiology). Thus, a reasonable approach for the first semester is to enroll in two of the following three courses: Biology 100, Psychology 101, Chemistry 120 (or 125). Note that Chemistry 120/125 is typically offered in fall, and Chemistry 190 is typically offered in spring, whereas Biology 100 and Psychology 101 are typically both offered in fall and spring. Please see individual departments' course descriptions for appropriate placement, including recommendations concerning AP preparation, especially if AP courses and exams were completed during spring 2020.
Students can start their studies in philosophy in various ways. Any 100-level course is useful, but not essential. Some 200-level courses have no prerequisites. Check the course descriptions for more information.
The philosophy concentration has as its core a history sequence and a logic requirement that should be fulfilled as early as possible. Potential concentrators should plan to take 201 (Ancient, offered in the fall); 203 (Modern, offered in the spring); and one of 100 (Critical Thinking), 200 (Critical Reasoning), or 240 (Symbolic Logic, offered in the fall) by the end of sophomore year, if possible. No more than one 100-level course may be counted toward the concentration.
Students interested in physics or in pre-engineering studies should begin studying physics in the fall semester of the first year. The year-long introductory physics courses begin in the fall at Hamilton; it is not possible to take the first course in the spring.
Most students who are interested in majoring or minoring in physics, or in completing the pre-engineering track, take Physics 190 in their first semester. (Information for students with advanced placement is in the next paragraph.) Physics 190 students should concurrently sign up for a class in mathematics; the math department offers placement advice based on the results of an exam. Calculus I (Math 113) is a co-requisite for Physics 190; any student who elects Physics 190 and places into Math 113 must take both. We recommend that students who enroll in 190 also enroll in a math course during the first semester.
Entering students with advanced high school work in physics may also choose to enroll in 190, but can consider other possibilities. Students with a score of 5 in AP Physics C (mechanics) can skip 190 and enroll in Physics 195, which follows 190 in the spring term. Students with scores of 5 in both parts of Physics C (mechanics and E&M) are eligible to begin with Physics 290 (Quantum Physics, offered in the fall semester). Similarly, students who arrive with high scores on A-levels or Higher IB - 6 or 7 - may place into classes beyond the first physics course, and should contact the Department Chair for advice about placement. Normally, we recommend that students who place into 195 or 290 elect to take math during the first semester.
For more information see the AP credit policies.
The department offers a collection of classes that are ideal for students who place into 195, but who want to begin studying physics right away. These classes include Physics 160 (Introduction to Astronomy), Physics 175 (Physics of Musical Sound), Physics 120 (How Things Work), Physics 135 (Spacetime and the Quantum World) and Physics 136 (Physics and Art). At least one of these will be offered every fall semester.
First year students interested in taking one year of physics to support a premed, or life-sciences program should begin with Physics 100. Physics 100 (fall) followed by Physics 105 (spring) does not require calculus. Another two-semester survey sequence, Physics 200 (fall) followed by Physics 205 (spring), requires Calculus II (Math 116) as a prerequisite and is normally taken after the first year by some pre-med students and by students who major in other physical sciences.
Students intending to major in psychology are encouraged to take PSYCH 101 (Introductory Psychology) in the fall of their first year, as there are fewer sections in the spring. Students with a 5 on the Psychology AP exam may opt out of PSYCH 101. Such students then have the option to take either their required neuroscience course (PSYCH 204 or 205) or PSYCH/NEURO 201 (Statistics & Research Methods). Because PSYCH/NEURO 201 is a prerequisite for all courses 300-level and above, students are encouraged to take this course in either their first year or sophomore fall. Students planning to be abroad for their entire junior year should plan to take their laboratory course in their sophomore year.
Note: If you took AP Psychology in 2019-2020 and, due to the pandemic, your course stopped meeting or did not cover the full range of topics, we encourage you to enroll in PSYCH 101 even if you received a 5 on the Psychology AP exam.
Chair: Jen Borton, 315-859-4693
Taylor Science Center 3032
The public policy concentration requires a long list of courses, so it is best to get started early. First-year students interested in a public policy concentration should take Economics 100, Economics 166, and at least one of the following: Government 116, Government 117, Philosophy 109, Philosophy 219, or Philosophy 221. Public Policy 251 and Government 230 should be taken by the fall of the sophomore year. Students interested in the concentration should consult as early as possible with the program’s director, Professor Frank Anechiarico (Government).
Director: Frank Anechiarico
Public Policy website
The goal of Hamilton’s Religious Studies Department is to provide students with multidisciplinary lenses and methods to critically evaluate diverse cultures in varied geographical and historical contexts.
Beginning with the class of 2020, a concentration in Religious Studies consists of 10 courses: two 100-level courses; 291: Imagining Religions; three 300-level courses; and 498: Senior Project Seminar; all of which must be taught by faculty of the department.
The required 100-level courses must be chosen from the following:
- One from the following: 111 (or 202), 122, 129, 143, 144
- One from the following: 115, 134
To begin a concentration in Russian studies, students should take First-Term Russian (RUSSN 110) unless they have studied Russian earlier, in which case contact the chair of Russian studies. Other options that count toward the major are Introduction to Russian Studies (RSNST 100), or Early Russian History (RSNST/HIST 221). You are encouraged to talk with the chair of Russian studies in your first semester.
The sociology concentration has relatively few "core" course requirements: a 100-level course, Social Theory, Research Methods, and a year-long senior project. If you are interested in concentrating in sociology, you should take a 100-level course in sociology (either Introduction to Sociology (Soc 101) or American Society (Soc 110)) in your first or second year. These courses are very often oversubscribed, but at least one or two sections of a 100-level course in sociology usually are offered every semester. If you are unable to register for a section of 101 or 110, contact the instructor to be placed on a waiting list for the course. Many (though not all) students will find a spot if they contact the professor and show up to class during the first week of the semester. If you are still unable to find a place in a section, please try again the following semester. If you are considering studying abroad during your junior year, you may wish to speak with a member of the Sociology Department faculty to discuss options for how you might structure your program.
Students interested in any aspect of theatre should begin with Theatre 100. This course introduces students to all aspects of theatre art and offers opportunities to develop both theoretical and practical knowledge in various areas of theatre making. Theatre 100 is a prerequisite for many 100-and 200-level theatre courses. Students interested in the theatre concentration (or minor) should do their best to register for Theatre 100 in their first semester. If both sections are full, students should express interest in the course to one of the theatre faculty members and attend the first class meeting to see if a seat opens. The Theatre Department encourages all students interested in theatre to meet with department faculty members informally during the first few weeks of classes, whether or not they choose to enroll in a course or major.
Students intending to major in women’s and gender studies should take WMNST 101 and 201 early in their career. The 101 course is popular and fills quickly. Students should contact the professor to express interest if they are not preregistered for it. The department offers 6 sections of 101 throughout the year, so there are many opportunities.
Students interested in concentrating in world politics should start with Gov. 112, 114, or 117, all of which are required for the concentration. They are all offered every semester and can be taken in any sequence. Concentrators should take at least one of them as a WI course. (Note: Gov 117 is also required for the government major and is not required but counts for the Public Policy major as well.) Either Gov. 240 or 290 and either Gov. 226 or 291 are also required for the major. Each concentrator develops his/her own focus within the major. Students are encouraged to speak with a faculty member in the concentration about that as early as possible.